# BP神经网络（python代码）

BP神经网络原理（待补充，可以详见《数据挖掘概念与技术》P258页）

# coding=utf-8
import numpy as np

def tanh(x):
return np.tanh(x)

def tanh_deriv(x):
return 1.0- np.tanh(x)*np.tanh(x)

def logistic(x):
return 1/(1+np.exp(-x))

def logistic_derivative(x):
return logistic(x)*(1-logistic(x))

class NeuralNetwork:
def __init__(self,layers,activation='tanh'):
"""

"""
if activation == 'logistic':
self.activation = logistic
self.activation_deriv = logistic_derivative
elif activation=='tanh':
self.activation = tanh
self.activation_deriv=tanh_deriv

self.weights=[]
self.weights.append((2*np.random.random((layers[0]+1,layers[1]))-1)*0.25)
for i in range(2,len(layers)):
self.weights.append((2*np.random.random((layers[i-1],layers[i]))-1)*0.25)
#self.weights.append((2*np.random.random((layers[i]+1,layers[i+1]))-1)*0.25)

def fit(self,X,y,learning_rate=0.2,epochs=10000):
X = np.atleast_2d(X)
# atlest_2d函数:确认X至少二位的矩阵
temp = np.ones([X.shape[0],X.shape[1]+1])
#初始化矩阵全是1（行数，列数+1是为了有B这个偏向）
temp[:,0:-1]=X
#行全选，第一列到倒数第二列
X=temp
y=np.array(y)
#数据结构转换
for k in range(epochs):
# 抽样梯度下降epochs抽样
i = np.random.randint(X.shape[0])
a = [X[i]]

for l in range(len(self.weights)):
a.append(self.activation(np.dot(a[l],self.weights[l])))
# 向前传播，得到每个节点的输出结果
error = y[i]-a[-1]
# 最后一层错误率
deltas=[error*self.activation_deriv(a[-1])]

for l in range(len(a)-2,0,-1):
deltas.append(deltas[-1].dot(self.weights[l].T)*self.activation_deriv(a[l]))
deltas.reverse()
for i in range(len(self.weights)):
layer = np.atleast_2d(a[i])
delta = np.atleast_2d(deltas[i])
self.weights[i] +=learning_rate*layer.T.dot(delta)

def predict(self,x):
x=np.array(x)
temp= np.ones(x.shape[0]+1)
temp[0:-1]=x
a = temp
for l in range(0,len(self.weights)):
a=self.activation(np.dot(a,self.weights[l]))
return(a)

from BPNN import NeuralNetwork
import numpy as np

nn = NeuralNetwork([2,12,1],'tanh')
x = np.array([[0,0],[0,1],[1,0],[1,1]])
y = np.array([0,1,1,0])
nn.fit(x,y)
for i in [[0,0],[0,1],[1,0],[1,1]]:
print(i,nn.predict(i))

([0, 0], array([-0.00917032]))
([0, 1], array([ 0.99785397]))
([1, 0], array([ 0.9979288]))
([1, 1], array([ 0.01522156]))