# 提取有角度的形状的最小矩形，求其旋转角度、长宽

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#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
#include <opencv2/opencv.hpp>
#include <opencv2/core/core.hpp>
#include <opencv2/imgproc/imgproc.hpp>
#include <opencv2/highgui/highgui.hpp>

#pragma comment(lib,"opencv_core249d.lib")
#pragma comment(lib,"opencv_highgui249d.lib")
#pragma comment(lib,"opencv_imgproc249d.lib")

#define PI 3.1415926

using namespace std;
using namespace cv;

int main()
{
RNG rng(12345);
char *image_name = "P2.png";
if (!image.data)
return 0;

namedWindow("Binary Image");
imshow("Binary Image", image);

// 从文件中加载原图

// 转为2值图
threshold(pSrcImage, pSrcImage, 200, 255, cv::THRESH_BINARY_INV);
//cvThreshold(pSrcImage, pSrcImage, 200, 255, cv::THRESH_BINARY_INV);

imwrite("binary.jpg", image);

vector<std::vector<cv::Point>> contours;
Mat canny_output;
Canny(pSrcImage, canny_output, 80, 255, 3);
vector<Vec4i> hierarchy;
findContours(canny_output, contours, hierarchy, CV_RETR_EXTERNAL, CV_CHAIN_APPROX_SIMPLE, Point(0, 0));

/// 对每个找到的轮廓创建可倾斜的边界框和椭圆
vector<RotatedRect> minRect(contours.size());
vector<RotatedRect> minEllipse(contours.size());
for (int i = 0; i < contours.size(); i++)
{
minRect[i] = minAreaRect(Mat(contours[i]));
if (contours[i].size() > 5)
{
minEllipse[i] = fitEllipse(Mat(contours[i]));
}
}
/// 绘出轮廓及其可倾斜的边界框和边界椭圆

CvBox2D     End_Rage2D;
CvPoint2D32f rectpoint[4];
Point2f rect_points[4];

Mat drawing = Mat::zeros(canny_output.size(), CV_8UC3);
for (int i = 0; i< contours.size(); i++)
{
//End_Rage2D = cvMinAreaRect2(contour);
End_Rage2D = minAreaRect(Mat(contours[i]));
Scalar color = Scalar(rng.uniform(0, 255), rng.uniform(0, 255), rng.uniform(0, 255));
// contour
drawContours(drawing, contours, i, color, 1, 8, vector<Vec4i>(), 0, Point());
// ellipse  椭圆
//ellipse(drawing, minEllipse[i], color, 2, 8);
// rotated rectangle
Point2f rect_points[4]; minRect[i].points(rect_points);
for (int j = 0; j < 4; j++)
{
line(drawing, rect_points[j], rect_points[(j + 1) % 4], color, 1, 8);
cout << "坐标点："<<rect_points[j] << "........" << rect_points[(j + 1) % 4] << endl;
}

int aaa = 0, bbb = 0, k = 0;
aaa = (int)sqrt((pow((rect_points[0].x - rect_points[1].x), 2) + pow((rect_points[0].y - rect_points[1].y), 2)));
bbb = (int)sqrt((pow((rect_points[0].x - rect_points[3].x), 2) + pow((rect_points[0].y - rect_points[3].y), 2)));

if (aaa<bbb)
{
k = aaa;
aaa = bbb;
bbb = k;
}
printf("最小外接矩形的长为：%d，宽为：%d。\n\n", aaa, bbb);
cout << " angle:\n" << (float)End_Rage2D.angle << std::endl;      //被测物体旋转角度
}

namedWindow("Contours", CV_WINDOW_AUTOSIZE);
imshow("Contours1", drawing);

以上成功提取斜框/

waitKey(0);
return 0;

}

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