Centos7.6&7.9安装R语言

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前提条件:

1.配置本地yum源

2.安装依赖

yum -y install gcc
yum install glibc-headers
yum install gcc-c++
yum install gcc-gfortran
yum -y install bzip2-devel
yum install glibc-headers
yum install readline-devel
yum install libXt-devel
yum -y install zlib zlib-devel openssl openssl--devel pcre pcre-devel

3 安装操作

包地址获取

wget https://mirror.lzu.edu.cn/CRAN/src/base/R-4/R-4.1.0.tar.gz
tar -zxvf R-4.1.0.tar.gz
cd R-4.1.0
./configure --prefix=/opt/R-4.1.0   --enable-R-shlib
make
make install

(1)报错:configure: error: --with-readline=yes (default) and headers/libs are not available

错误描述:–with-readline=yes(默认)和头文件/库不可用
解决办法:安装头文件和库,记得连续选中Y,否则该错误无法避免

yum install readline-devel

(2)报错:configure: error: --with-x=yes (default) and X11 headers/libs are not available

解决办法:安装头文件和库,记得连续选中Y,否则该错误无法避免

yum install libXt-devel

(3)报错:configure: error: zlib library and headers are required

错误描述:需要zlib库
原因:缺少zlib或者zlib版本过低

a.查找系统是否存在zlib
find / -name zlib
b.解决办法:安装编译zlib
wget http://www.zlib.net/fossils/zlib-1.2.8.tar.gz
tar xzvf zlib-1.2.8.tar.gz
cd zlib-1.2.8
./configure --prefix=/opt/packages
make && make install

当前环境执行变量引入:vi /etc/profile

export PATH=/opt/packages/bin:$PATH
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/opt/packages/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH 
export CFLAGS="-fPIC -I/opt/packages/include" 
export LDFLAGS="-fPIC -L/opt/packages/lib"

(4)报错:configure: error: bzip2 library and headers are required

解决方法:安装bzip2-devel

yum -y install bzip2-devel

(5)报错:configure: error: “liblzma library and headers are required”

解决方法:安装liblzma

yum -y install xz-devel.x86_64

(6)报错:configure: error: PCRE2 library and headers are required, or use --with-pcre1 and PCRE >= 8.32 with UTF-8 support

解决方法:

a.安装PCRE
wget https://netix.dl.sourceforge.net/project/pcre/pcre/8.40/pcre-8.40.tar.gz
cd pcre-8.43
./configure --prefix=/opr/pcre
make
make install

当前环境执行变量引入:vi /etc/profile

export PATH=/opt/pcre/bin:$PATH
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/opt/pcre/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH 
source /etc/profile
b.UTF-8格式设置

编辑 /root/.bash_profile
添加

export LC_ALL="zh_CN.UTF-8"
export LANG="zh_CN.UTF-8"

source   /root/.bash_profile


./configure --prefix=/opt/R-4.1.0 --enable-R-shlib --with-pcre1

(7)报错:configure: error: libcurl >= 7.28.0 library and headers are required with support for https ##需要安装curl

yum install openssl*           ##需要支持ssl服务
cd /opt 
wget https://curl.se/download/curl-7.47.1.tar.gz
tar zxvf curl-*
./configure  --prefix=/opt/curl
make 
make install

要在环境变量中加上curl的bin路径

(8) 报错:onfigure: error: libcurl >= 7.28.0 library and headers are required with support for https

wget https://www.openssl.org/source/old/1.0.1/openssl-1.0.1u.tar.gz
./config --prefix=/opt/openssl
make
make install

添加到环境变量

Centos7.6最终执行:

./configure --prefix=/opt/R --enable-R-shlib --with-pcre1
make
make install

Centos7.9最终执行:

编译时候缺失一个依赖,在安装时进行指定

./configure --prefix=/opt/R --enable-R-shlib --with-pcre1 LDFLAGS="-L/opt/zlib-1.2.8/lib"
make
make install

参考文章:

https://blog.csdn.net/tommy_12345/article/details/81067605
https://blog.51cto.com/kuxingseng2016/1846326

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