【python 图像压缩算法】opencv图像压缩

插值方法:
CV_INTER_NN - 最近邻插值,
CV_INTER_LINEAR - 双线性插值 (缺省使用)
CV_INTER_AREA - 使用象素关系重采样。当图像缩小时候,该方法可以避免波纹出现。当图像放大时,类似于 CV_INTER_NN 方法..
CV_INTER_CUBIC - 立方插值.
函数 cvResize 将图像 src 改变尺寸得到与 dst 同样大小。若设定 ROI,函数将按常规支持 ROI.

程序1:图像压缩(第一版)

# coding=utf-8
import time
time1 = time.time()
import cv2
image=cv2.imread("c:/1.jpg")
res = cv2.resize(image, (1280,960), interpolation=cv2.INTER_AREA)
# cv2.imshow('image', image)
# cv2.imshow('resize', res)
# cv2.waitKey(0)
# cv2.destroyAllWindows()
cv2.imwrite("C:/5.jpg",res)
time2=time.time()
print u'总共耗时:' + str(time2 - time1) + 's'

4.19M—377k 压缩了11倍

程序2:图像压缩(第二版)

#-*-coding:utf-8-*-
#############设置编码################
import sys
reload(sys)
sys.setdefaultencoding('utf-8')

###################导入计算机视觉库opencv和图像处理库PIL####################
from PIL import Image
from PIL import ImageEnhance
from PIL import ImageFilter
import cv2
import time
time1 = time.time()
####################读入图像###############################
image=cv2.imread("c:/pic//0.jpg")

####################双三次插值#############################
res = cv2.resize(image, (1280,960), interpolation=cv2.INTER_AREA)

####################写入图像########################
cv2.imwrite("C:/pic/101.jpg",res)

###########################图像对比度增强##################
imgE = Image.open("c:/pic/101.jpg")
imgEH = ImageEnhance.Contrast(imgE)
img1=imgEH.enhance(2.8)

########################图像转换为灰度图###############
gray = img1.convert("L")
gray.save("C:/pic/3.jpg")

##########################图像增强###########################

# 创建滤波器,使用不同的卷积核
gary2=gray.filter(ImageFilter.DETAIL)
gary2.save("C:/pic/2.jpg")

#############################图像点运算#################
gary3=gary2.point(lambda i:i*0.9)
gary3.save("C:/pic/4.jpg")
# img1.show("new_picture")
time2=time.time()
print u'总共耗时:' + str(time2 - time1) + 's'

4.17M–>290kb

程序3:函数版本

#-*-coding:utf-8-*-
#############设置编码################
import sys
reload(sys)
sys.setdefaultencoding('utf-8')

############导入计算机视觉库opencv和图像处理库PIL####################
from PIL import Image
from PIL import ImageEnhance
from PIL import ImageFilter
import cv2
import time
time1 = time.time()

########################自定义图像压缩函数############################
def img_zip(path,filename1,filename2):
    image = cv2.imread(path+filename1)
    res = cv2.resize(image, (1280, 960), interpolation=cv2.INTER_AREA)
    cv2.imwrite(path+filename2, res)
    imgE = Image.open(path+filename2)
    imgEH = ImageEnhance.Contrast(imgE)
    img1 = imgEH.enhance(2.8)
    gray1 = img1.convert("L")
    gary2 = gray1.filter(ImageFilter.DETAIL)
    gary3 = gary2.point(lambda i: i * 0.9)
    gary3.save(path+filename2)

################################主函数##################################
if __name__ == '__main__':
    path=u"c:/pic/"
    filename1="0.jpg"
    filename2="1.jpg"
    img_zip(path,filename1,filename2)
    time2 = time.time()
    print u'总共耗时:' + str(time2 - time1) + 's'
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