【python pandas】数据框行转列,列转行

测试数据:

context_id  subject_gmt differtime  browse_count    click_count like_count  commet_count    reply_count score_value
last1   2018/8/12 10:35 2920.066    150 78  55  15  46  5
last2   2018/8/11 15:02 4093.066    68  57  42  6   10  4
last3   2018/8/13 15:10 1205.066    54  12  5   0   10  4
last4   2018/7/13 10:10 46145.066   853 833 556 358 665 8
last5   2018/8/12 9:35  2980.066    12  5   1   0   7   2
last6   2018/8/13 14:02 1273.066    8   2   0   2   6   2
last7   2018/8/10 15:10 5525.066    812 765 589 652 234 12
last8   2018/7/13 9:10  46205.066   87  82  65  79  86  3
last9   2018/8/12 13:05 2770.066    189 135 102 132 84  4
last10  2018/8/11 15:55 4040.066    335 226 188 220 175 8

我们常常需要将DataFrame对象中的某列或某几列作为索引,或者将索引转化为对象的列。
pandas提供了set_index()/reset_index() 来供我们使用。

# -*- encoding=utf-8 -*-

import pandas as pd

ceshi = pd.read_csv(u'F:/下载/context_data.csv')


# print(ceshi)

# melt行转列
bd = pd.melt(ceshi, id_vars=['context_id','subject_gmt'],value_vars=['browse_count','click_count','like_count','commet_count','reply_count','score_value'], var_name='count_type',value_name='count_value')

# print(bd)


# pivot_table 列转行

mdd = pd.DataFrame(pd.pivot_table(bd, index = ['context_id','subject_gmt'],columns = 'count_type', values = 'count_value'))

# 索引转换为列
mdd.reset_index(inplace=True)

print(mdd)


E:\laidefa\python.exe "E:/Program Files/pycharmproject/线上模型/行转列.py"
   context_id      subject_gmt    count_type  count_value
0       last1  2018/8/12 10:35  browse_count          150
1       last2  2018/8/11 15:02  browse_count           68
2       last3  2018/8/13 15:10  browse_count           54
3       last4  2018/7/13 10:10  browse_count          853
4       last5   2018/8/12 9:35  browse_count           12
5       last6  2018/8/13 14:02  browse_count            8
6       last7  2018/8/10 15:10  browse_count          812
7       last8   2018/7/13 9:10  browse_count           87
8       last9  2018/8/12 13:05  browse_count          189
9      last10  2018/8/11 15:55  browse_count          335
10      last1  2018/8/12 10:35   click_count           78
11      last2  2018/8/11 15:02   click_count           57
12      last3  2018/8/13 15:10   click_count           12
13      last4  2018/7/13 10:10   click_count          833
14      last5   2018/8/12 9:35   click_count            5
15      last6  2018/8/13 14:02   click_count            2
16      last7  2018/8/10 15:10   click_count          765
17      last8   2018/7/13 9:10   click_count           82
18      last9  2018/8/12 13:05   click_count          135
19     last10  2018/8/11 15:55   click_count          226
20      last1  2018/8/12 10:35    like_count           55
21      last2  2018/8/11 15:02    like_count           42
22      last3  2018/8/13 15:10    like_count            5
23      last4  2018/7/13 10:10    like_count          556
24      last5   2018/8/12 9:35    like_count            1
25      last6  2018/8/13 14:02    like_count            0
26      last7  2018/8/10 15:10    like_count          589
27      last8   2018/7/13 9:10    like_count           65
28      last9  2018/8/12 13:05    like_count          102
29     last10  2018/8/11 15:55    like_count          188
30      last1  2018/8/12 10:35  commet_count           15
31      last2  2018/8/11 15:02  commet_count            6
32      last3  2018/8/13 15:10  commet_count            0
33      last4  2018/7/13 10:10  commet_count          358
34      last5   2018/8/12 9:35  commet_count            0
35      last6  2018/8/13 14:02  commet_count            2
36      last7  2018/8/10 15:10  commet_count          652
37      last8   2018/7/13 9:10  commet_count           79
38      last9  2018/8/12 13:05  commet_count          132
39     last10  2018/8/11 15:55  commet_count          220
40      last1  2018/8/12 10:35   reply_count           46
41      last2  2018/8/11 15:02   reply_count           10
42      last3  2018/8/13 15:10   reply_count           10
43      last4  2018/7/13 10:10   reply_count          665
44      last5   2018/8/12 9:35   reply_count            7
45      last6  2018/8/13 14:02   reply_count            6
46      last7  2018/8/10 15:10   reply_count          234
47      last8   2018/7/13 9:10   reply_count           86
48      last9  2018/8/12 13:05   reply_count           84
49     last10  2018/8/11 15:55   reply_count          175
50      last1  2018/8/12 10:35   score_value            5
51      last2  2018/8/11 15:02   score_value            4
52      last3  2018/8/13 15:10   score_value            4
53      last4  2018/7/13 10:10   score_value            8
54      last5   2018/8/12 9:35   score_value            2
55      last6  2018/8/13 14:02   score_value            2
56      last7  2018/8/10 15:10   score_value           12
57      last8   2018/7/13 9:10   score_value            3
58      last9  2018/8/12 13:05   score_value            4
59     last10  2018/8/11 15:55   score_value            8
count_type context_id      subject_gmt  browse_count  click_count  \
0               last1  2018/8/12 10:35           150           78   
1              last10  2018/8/11 15:55           335          226   
2               last2  2018/8/11 15:02            68           57   
3               last3  2018/8/13 15:10            54           12   
4               last4  2018/7/13 10:10           853          833   
5               last5   2018/8/12 9:35            12            5   
6               last6  2018/8/13 14:02             8            2   
7               last7  2018/8/10 15:10           812          765   
8               last8   2018/7/13 9:10            87           82   
9               last9  2018/8/12 13:05           189          135   

count_type  commet_count  like_count  reply_count  score_value  
0                     15          55           46            5  
1                    220         188          175            8  
2                      6          42           10            4  
3                      0           5           10            4  
4                    358         556          665            8  
5                      0           1            7            2  
6                      2           0            6            2  
7                    652         589          234           12  
8                     79          65           86            3  
9                    132         102           84            4  

Process finished with exit code 0
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