# [leetcode] 890. Find and Replace Pattern

## Description

You have a list of words and a pattern, and you want to know which words in words matches the pattern.

A word matches the pattern if there exists a permutation of letters p so that after replacing every letter x in the pattern with p(x), we get the desired word.

(Recall that a permutation of letters is a bijection from letters to letters: every letter maps to another letter, and no two letters map to the same letter.)

Return a list of the words in words that match the given pattern.

You may return the answer in any order.

Example 1:

Input: words = ["abc","deq","mee","aqq","dkd","ccc"], pattern = "abb"
Output: ["mee","aqq"]
Explanation: "mee" matches the pattern because there is a permutation {a -> m, b -> e, ...}.
"ccc" does not match the pattern because {a -> c, b -> c, ...} is not a permutation,
since a and b map to the same letter.


Note:

• 1 <= words.length <= 50
• 1 <= pattern.length = words[i].length <= 20

## 代码

class Solution:
def findAndReplacePattern(self, words: List[str], pattern: str) -> List[str]:
res=[]
for word in words:
n=len(word)
d1={}
d2={}
idx=-1
for i in range(n):
if(pattern[i] in d1 and d1[pattern[i]] !=word[i]):
idx=i
break
else:
d1[pattern[i]]=word[i]
if(word[i] in d2 and d2[word[i]]!=pattern[i]):
idx=i
break
else:
d2[word[i]]=pattern[i]
if(idx==-1):
res.append(word)
return res


## 参考文献

[LeetCode] Solution

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