Android官方DataBinding(十二):双向绑定之反向绑定的InverseBindingMethods改造和实现

Android官方DataBinding(十二):双向绑定之反向绑定的InverseBindingMethods改造和实现


在附录文章十、十一的基础上,使用InverseBindingMethod进行双向绑定和反向绑定操作。


以下是完整示例代码。
建立model:
package zhangphil.test;

import android.databinding.BaseObservable;
import android.databinding.ObservableBoolean;

/**
 * Created by Phil on 2017/8/25.
 */

public class ViewModel extends BaseObservable {
    public final ObservableBoolean isRefreshing = new ObservableBoolean();
}



写布局activity_main.xml:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<layout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto">

    <data>

        <import type="android.view.View" />

        <variable
            name="model"
            type="zhangphil.test.ViewModel" />
    </data>

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:orientation="vertical">

        <ProgressBar
            android:layout_width="100dp"
            android:layout_height="100dp"
            android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal"
            android:visibility="@{model.isRefreshing ? View.VISIBLE:View.GONE}" />

        <TextView
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="50dp"
            android:background="@android:color/holo_red_light"
            android:gravity="center"
            android:text="加载中..."
            android:visibility="@{model.isRefreshing ? View.VISIBLE:View.GONE}" />

        <zhangphil.test.PhilView
            android:id="@+id/philview"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:background="@android:color/holo_blue_light"
            app:refreshing="@={model.isRefreshing}">

            <LinearLayout
                android:layout_width="match_parent"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:orientation="vertical">

                <TextView
                    android:layout_width="match_parent"
                    android:layout_height="150dp"
                    android:gravity="center"
                    android:text="z" />

                <TextView
                    android:layout_width="match_parent"
                    android:layout_height="150dp"
                    android:gravity="center"
                    android:text="h" />

                <TextView
                    android:layout_width="match_parent"
                    android:layout_height="150dp"
                    android:gravity="center"
                    android:text="a" />

                <TextView
                    android:layout_width="match_parent"
                    android:layout_height="150dp"
                    android:gravity="center"
                    android:text="n" />

                <TextView
                    android:layout_width="match_parent"
                    android:layout_height="150dp"
                    android:gravity="center"
                    android:text="g" />
            </LinearLayout>

        </zhangphil.test.PhilView>
    </LinearLayout>
</layout>





测试的MainActivity.java:

package zhangphil.test;

import android.databinding.DataBindingUtil;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.GestureDetector;
import android.view.MotionEvent;
import android.view.View;

import zhangphil.test.databinding.ActivityMainBinding;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
    private final String TAG = "MainActivity调试";
    private ViewModel mViewModel;
    private ActivityMainBinding binding;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);

        final GestureDetector mGestureDetector = createGestureDetector();

        binding = DataBindingUtil.setContentView(this, R.layout.activity_main);

        mViewModel = new ViewModel();
        binding.setModel(mViewModel);

        binding.philview.setOnTouchListener(new View.OnTouchListener() {
            @Override
            public boolean onTouch(View view, MotionEvent motionEvent) {
                mGestureDetector.onTouchEvent(motionEvent);
                return false;
            }
        });
    }

    private GestureDetector createGestureDetector() {
        // mGestureDetector用于监测用户在手机屏幕上的上滑和下滑事件。
        GestureDetector mGestureDetector = new GestureDetector(this, new GestureDetector.SimpleOnGestureListener() {
            @Override
            public boolean onScroll(MotionEvent e1, MotionEvent e2, float distanceX, float distanceY) {
                //处于顶部且用户再下拉
                if ((distanceY < 0) && (binding.philview.getScrollY() == 0)) {
                    if (mViewModel.isRefreshing.get()) {
                        Log.d(TAG, "加载中,请勿重复加载");
                    } else {
                        Log.d(TAG, "开始下拉刷新...");

                        //执行下拉刷新/加载更多事务
                        loadMore();
                    }
                }

                return super.onScroll(e1, e2, distanceX, distanceY);
            }
        });

        return mGestureDetector;
    }

    private void loadMore() {
        new Thread(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                //通过设置布尔值改变View
                mViewModel.isRefreshing.set(true);

                try {
                    //假设这里做了一个长时间的耗时操作
                    Thread.sleep(3000);
                } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }

                //通过设置布尔值改变View
                mViewModel.isRefreshing.set(false);
            }
        }).start();
    }
}



关键的PhilView.java:
package zhangphil.test;

import android.content.Context;
import android.databinding.InverseBindingListener;
import android.databinding.InverseBindingMethod;
import android.databinding.InverseBindingMethods;
import android.support.v4.widget.NestedScrollView;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.util.Log;

/**
 * Created by Phil on 2017/9/1.
 */

@InverseBindingMethods({@InverseBindingMethod(type = PhilView.class, attribute = "refreshing", event = "refreshingAttrChanged")})

public class PhilView extends NestedScrollView {

    private String TAG = "调试";
    private boolean isRefreshing = false;

    public PhilView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        super(context, attrs);
    }

    public void setRefreshing(boolean refreshing) {
        if (isRefreshing == refreshing) {
            //防止死循环
            Log.d(TAG, "重复设置");
            return;
        } else {
            Log.d(TAG, "setRefreshing " + refreshing);
            isRefreshing = refreshing;
        }
    }

    public boolean getRefreshing() {
        return isRefreshing;
    }

    public void setRefreshingAttrChanged(InverseBindingListener inverseBindingListener) {
        if (inverseBindingListener == null) {
            Log.e(TAG, "InverseBindingListener为空!");
        } else {
            Log.d(TAG, "setRefreshingAttrChanged");
            inverseBindingListener.onChange();
        }
    }
}




对比本篇文章的PhilView.java代码和附录十、十一的异同,最关键的地方是用InverseBindingMethod重新实现。InverseBindingMethod在注解定义的地方,有几点需要特别注意:
(1)InverseBindingMethod里面的event事件不是必须的,如果在InverseBindingMethod里面没有定义,那么Android系统自己会自动匹配查找。Android系统自动匹配查找的原则:根据定义的attribute值后面追加”AttrChanged”形成默认方法名进行匹配查找。比如,如果自己定义了attribute=”xxx”,那么Android系统自动会匹配查找xxxAttrChanged方法,该方法是set开头,那么就最终变成:setXxxAttrChanged
(2)如果开发者在event里面自己随意定义了一个方法名,那么必须严格一致确保类里面有这个方法,比如,如果用户在InverseBindingMethod的event里面任意定义了一个方法“abcdefg”,那么必须在该注解类有一个同名方法如setAbcdefg(),然后在这里面调用InverseBindingListener的onChange()。
(3)InverseBindingMethod中定义的attribute值,即为开发者想要和xml布局里面的app:xxx绑定的值。
(4)如果基于InverseBindingMethod,在绑定注解类里面get和set方法,后面的方法名即为attribute的值,举例,如果,attribute=”xxx”,那么set和get方法即为setXxx()和getXxx()。



附录:
1,《Android官方DataBinding简例(一)》链接:http://blog.csdn.net/zhangphil/article/details/77322530    
2,《Android官方DataBinding(二):动态数据更新notifyPropertyChanged》链接:http://blog.csdn.net/zhangphil/article/details/77328688   
3,《Android官方DataBinding(三):RecyclerView 使用ViewDataBinding更新数据》链接:http://blog.csdn.net/zhangphil/article/details/77367432  
4,《Android官方DataBinding(四):BindingAdapter》链接:http://blog.csdn.net/zhangphil/article/details/77374211 
5,《Android官方DataBinding(五):ObservableMap,ObservableArrayMap》链接:http://blog.csdn.net/zhangphil/article/details/77448933
6,《Android官方DataBinding(六): @= 操作符进行双向绑定》链接:http://blog.csdn.net/zhangphil/article/details/77454045 
7,《Android官方DataBinding(七):BindingMethods与BindingMethod》链接:http://blog.csdn.net/zhangphil/article/details/77479843 
8,《Android官方DataBinding(八):Lambda长表达式事件处理》链接:http://blog.csdn.net/zhangphil/article/details/77503013 
9,《Android官方DataBinding(九):反向绑定,View变化结果回写进数据模型中》链接:http://blog.csdn.net/zhangphil/article/details/77649256  
10,《Android官方DataBinding(十):双向绑定之基于InverseBindingAdapter的反向绑定》链接:http://blog.csdn.net/zhangphil/article/details/77767513 
11,《Android官方DataBinding(十一):对于双向绑定之反向绑定的改进和简化》链接:http://blog.csdn.net/zhangphil/article/details/77772671 

发布了1031 篇原创文章 · 获赞 988 · 访问量 336万+
展开阅读全文

没有更多推荐了,返回首页

©️2019 CSDN 皮肤主题: 深蓝海洋 设计师: CSDN官方博客

分享到微信朋友圈

×

扫一扫,手机浏览