QT QUdpSocket类

1.bool hasPendingDatagrams() const
Returns true if at least one datagram is waiting to be read; otherwise returns false.

2.bool joinMulticastGroup(const QHostAddress &groupAddress)

3.bool joinMulticastGroup(const QHostAddress &groupAddress, const QNetworkInterface &iface)

4.bool leaveMulticastGroup(const QHostAddress &groupAddress)

5.bool leaveMulticastGroup(const QHostAddress &groupAddress, const QNetworkInterface &iface)

6.QNetworkInterface multicastInterface() const

7.qint64 pendingDatagramSize() const
Returns the size of the first pending UDP datagram. If there is no datagram available, this function returns -1.

8.qint64 readDatagram(char *data, qint64 maxSize, QHostAddress *address = Q_NULLPTR, quint16 *port = Q_NULLPTR)
Receives a datagram no larger than maxSize bytes and stores it in data. The sender’s host address and port is stored in *address and *port (unless the pointers are 0);
Returns the size of the datagram on success; otherwise returns -1;
If maxSize is too small, the rest of the datagram will be lost. To avoid loss of data, call pendingDatagramSize() to determine the size of the pending datagram before attempting to read it. If maxSize is 0, the datagram will be discarded;

9.QNetworkDatagram receiveDatagram(qint64 maxSize = -1)
Receives a datagram no larger than maxSize bytes and returns it in the QNetworkDatagram object, along with the sender’s host address and port. If possible, this function will also try to determine the datagram’s destination address, port, and the number of hop counts at reception time;
On failure, returns a QNetworkDatagram that reports not valid;
If maxSize is too small, the rest of the datagram will be lost. If maxSize is 0, the datagram will be discarded. If maxSize is -1 (the default), this function will attempt to read the entire datagram.

10.void setMulticastInterface(const QNetworkInterface &iface)

11.qint64 writeDatagram(const char *data, qint64 size, const QHostAddress &address, quint16 port)

12.qint64 writeDatagram(const QNetworkDatagram &datagram)

13.qint64 writeDatagram(const QByteArray &datagram, const QHostAddress &host, quint16 port)

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UDP给指定IP和端口传输数据包,为什么一直显示Network is unreachable: Datagram send failed

11-25

**_ UDPClient.java** package com.bill.udp.client; import java.io.IOException; import java.io.RandomAccessFile; import java.net.DatagramPacket; import java.net.DatagramSocket; import java.net.InetAddress; import java.net.InetSocketAddress; import com.bill.udp.util.UDPUtils; public class UDPClient { private static final String SEND_FILE_PATH = "D:/imgmap.jpg"; public static void main(String[] args){ long startTime = System.currentTimeMillis(); byte[] buf = new byte[UDPUtils.BUFFER_SIZE]; byte[] receiveBuf = new byte[1]; RandomAccessFile accessFile = null; DatagramPacket dpk = null; DatagramSocket dsk = null; int readSize = -1; try { accessFile = new RandomAccessFile(SEND_FILE_PATH,"r"); //构造数据报包,用来将长度为 length 的包发送到指定主机上的指定端口号。 dpk = new DatagramPacket(buf, buf.length,new InetSocketAddress(InetAddress.getByName("192.168.1.106"), 5000)); //创建数据报套接字,将其绑定到指定的本地地址。 dsk = new DatagramSocket(5001, InetAddress.getByName("192.168.1.106")); int sendCount = 0; while((readSize = accessFile.read(buf,0,buf.length)) != -1){ dpk.setData(buf, 0, readSize); dsk.send(dpk); // wait server response { while(true){ dpk.setData(receiveBuf, 0, receiveBuf.length); dsk.receive(dpk); // confirm server receive if(!UDPUtils.isEqualsByteArray(UDPUtils.successData,receiveBuf,dpk.getLength())){ System.out.println("resend ..."); dpk.setData(buf, 0, readSize); dsk.send(dpk); }else break; } } System.out.println("send count of "+(++sendCount)+"!"); } // send exit wait server response while(true){ System.out.println("client send exit message ...."); dpk.setData(UDPUtils.exitData,0,UDPUtils.exitData.length); dsk.send(dpk); dpk.setData(receiveBuf,0,receiveBuf.length); dsk.receive(dpk); if(!UDPUtils.isEqualsByteArray(UDPUtils.exitData, receiveBuf, dpk.getLength())){ System.out.println("client Resend exit message ...."); dsk.send(dpk); }else break; } }catch (Exception e) { e.printStackTrace(); } finally{ try { if(accessFile != null) accessFile.close(); if(dsk != null) dsk.close(); } catch (IOException e) { e.printStackTrace(); } } long endTime = System.currentTimeMillis(); System.out.println("time:"+(endTime - startTime)); } } **UDPUtils.java** package com.bill.udp.util; public class UDPUtils { private UDPUtils(){} /** transfer file byte buffer **/ public static final int BUFFER_SIZE = 50 * 1024; /** controller port **/ public static final int PORT = 50000; /** mark transfer success **/ public static final byte[] successData = "success data mark".getBytes(); /** mark transfer exit **/ public static final byte[] exitData = "exit data mark".getBytes(); public static void main(String[] args) { byte[] b = new byte[]{1}; System.out.println(isEqualsByteArray(successData,b)); } public static boolean isEqualsByteArray(byte[] compareBuf,byte[] buf){ if (buf == null || buf.length == 0) return false; boolean flag = true; if(buf.length == compareBuf.length){ for (int i = 0; i < buf.length; i++) { if(buf[i] != compareBuf[i]){ flag = false; break; } } }else return false; return flag; } public static boolean isEqualsByteArray(byte[] compareBuf,byte[] buf,int len){ if (buf == null || buf.length == 0 || buf.length < len || compareBuf.length < len) return false; boolean flag = true; int innerMinLen = Math.min(compareBuf.length, len); for (int i = 0; i < innerMinLen; i++) { if(buf[i] != compareBuf[i]){ flag = false; break; } } return flag; } } 问答

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