Tensorflow1.x与Tensorflow2.x的理解

Tensorflow1.x

Tensorflow1.x最重要的在于Graph的概念，个人认为搭建相对较为麻烦，但是tf1.x也较为灵活。

Tensorflow2.x

Tensorflow2.x兼容keras，非常好用。

考虑CNN模型

tensorflow1.x.x版本如下：


import tensorflow as tf
from tensorflow.examples.tutorials.mnist import input_data
import os
os.environ["CUDA_DEVICE_ORDER"] = "0,1"

def compute_accuracy(v_xs,v_ys):
global prediction
y_pre = sess.run(prediction,feed_dict ={xs:v_xs,keep_prob:1})
correct_predicton = tf.equal(tf.argmax(y_pre,1),tf.argmax(v_ys,1))
accuracy = tf.reduce_mean(tf.cast(correct_predicton,tf.float32))
result = sess.run(accuracy,feed_dict = {xs:v_xs,ys:v_ys,keep_prob:1})
return result

def weight_variable(shape):
initial = tf.truncated_normal(shape=shape,stddev=0.1)
return tf.Variable(initial)

def bias_variable(shape):
initial = tf.constant(0.1,shape=shape)
return tf.Variable(initial)

def conv2d(x,W):
#stride [1,x_movement,y_movement,1]
#Must have strides[0] = strides[3] = 1

def max_pool_2x2(x):
# stride [1,x_movement,y_movement,1]

Weight = tf.Variable(tf.random_normal([in_size,out_size]))
biases = tf.Variable(tf.zeros([1,out_size])+0.1)
Wx_plus_b = tf.matmul(inputs,Weight)+biases
if activation_function is None:
outputs = Wx_plus_b
else:
outputs = activation_function(Wx_plus_b)
return outputs

#define placeholder for inputs to network

xs = tf.placeholder(tf.float32,[None,784])
ys = tf.placeholder(tf.float32,[None,10])
keep_prob = tf.placeholder(tf.float32)
x_image = tf.reshape(xs,[-1,28,28,1])

## conv1 layer ##
W_conv1 = weight_variable([5,5, 1,32]) # patch 5x5, in size 1, out size 32
b_conv1 = bias_variable([32])
h_conv1 = tf.nn.relu(conv2d(x_image, W_conv1) + b_conv1) # output size 28x28x32
h_pool1 = max_pool_2x2(h_conv1)                                         # output size 14x14x32

## conv2 layer ##
W_conv2 = weight_variable([5,5, 32, 64]) # patch 5x5, in size 32, out size 64
b_conv2 = bias_variable([64])
h_conv2 = tf.nn.relu(conv2d(h_pool1, W_conv2) + b_conv2) # output size 14x14x64
h_pool2 = max_pool_2x2(h_conv2)              # output size 7x7x64

# #func1 layer
# input = tf.reshape(h_pool2,[-1,7*7*64])
# fc1_drop = tf.nn.dropout(fc1,keep_prob)
#
# #func2 layer
# prediction = fc2

## func1 layer ##
W_fc1 = weight_variable([7*7*64, 1024])
b_fc1 = bias_variable([1024])
# [n_samples, 7, 7, 64] ->> [n_samples, 7*7*64]
h_pool2_flat = tf.reshape(h_pool2, [-1, 7*7*64])
h_fc1 = tf.nn.relu(tf.matmul(h_pool2_flat, W_fc1) + b_fc1)
h_fc1_drop = tf.nn.dropout(h_fc1, keep_prob)

## func2 layer ##
W_fc2 = weight_variable([1024, 10])
b_fc2 = bias_variable([10])
prediction = tf.nn.softmax(tf.matmul(h_fc1_drop, W_fc2) + b_fc2)

#loss
cross_entropy = tf.reduce_mean(-tf.reduce_sum(ys*tf.log(prediction),reduction_indices=[1]))

config = tf.ConfigProto(log_device_placement=True)
config.gpu_options.allow_growth = True

sess = tf.Session(config=config)

sess.run(tf.initialize_all_variables())

for i in range(1000):
batch_xs,batch_ys = mnist.train.next_batch(100)
sess.run(train_step,feed_dict={xs:batch_xs,ys:batch_ys,keep_prob:0.5})
if i%50 ==0:
print(compute_accuracy(mnist.test.images,mnist.test.labels))


tensorflow2.x.x版本如下：


from tensorflow.keras import Sequential,layers
import tensorflow as tf
network = Sequential([ # 网络容器
layers.Conv2D(6,kernel_size=3,strides=1), # 第一个卷积层, 6 个3x3 卷积核
layers.MaxPooling2D(pool_size=2,strides=2), # 高宽各减半的池化层
layers.ReLU(), # 激活函数
layers.Conv2D(16,kernel_size=3,strides=1), # 第二个卷积层, 16 个3x3 卷积核
layers.MaxPooling2D(pool_size=2,strides=2), # 高宽各减半的池化层
layers.ReLU(), # 激活函数
layers.Flatten(), # 打平层，方便全连接层处理
layers.Dense(120, activation='relu'), # 全连接层，120 个节点
layers.Dense(84, activation='relu'), # 全连接层，84 节点
layers.Dense(10) # 全连接层，10 个节点
])
# build 一次网络模型，给输入X 的形状，其中4 为随意给的batchsz
network.build(input_shape=(4, 28, 28, 1))
# 统计网络信息
network.summary()
# network.fit(x, y) 通过x和y训练模型


关于作者

05-08 1万+

06-24 1万+

04-29 98

10-03 3828

03-17 665

04-28 117

01-11 218

03-31 1353

05-27 148

04-24 119

12-28 214

04-19 306

09-02 3506

01-06 335

01-10 5514

05-23 94

04-26 136

03-16 347

04-11 105

03-19 3974

TensorFlow2.0 问世，Pytorch还能否撼动老大哥地位？

©️2019 CSDN 皮肤主题: 大白 设计师: CSDN官方博客