YMODEM协议串口文件传输

YMODEM协议串口文件传输

GitHub仓库:https://github.com/XinLiGitHub/SerialPortYmodem

PS:博文不再更新,后续更新会在GitHub仓库进行。


    串口通过YMODEM协议进行文件传输。程序中涉及到YMODEM协议知识,详细介绍见维基百科[YMODEM](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/YMODEM)。


1,开发环境

      1,框架:Qt 5.7.1

      2,编译器:MSVC2015_64bit

      3,IDE:Qt Creator 4.2.0 社区版

      4,操作系统:Windows 10 专业版


2,程序源码

      Ymodem.h文件

/**
  ******************************************************************************
  * @file    Ymodem.h
  * @author  XinLi
  * @version v1.0
  * @date    21-January-2018
  * @brief   Header file for Ymodem.cpp module.
  ******************************************************************************
  * @attention
  *
  * <h2><center>Copyright &copy; 2018 XinLi</center></h2>
  *
  * This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
  * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
  * the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
  * (at your option) any later version.
  *
  * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
  * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
  * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
  * GNU General Public License for more details.
  *
  * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
  * along with this program.  If not, see <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
  *
  ******************************************************************************
  */

#ifndef __YMODEM_H
#define __YMODEM_H

/* Header includes -----------------------------------------------------------*/
#include <stdint.h>

/* Macro definitions ---------------------------------------------------------*/
#define YMODEM_PACKET_HEADER    (3)
#define YMODEM_PACKET_TRAILER   (2)
#define YMODEM_PACKET_OVERHEAD  (YMODEM_PACKET_HEADER + YMODEM_PACKET_TRAILER)
#define YMODEM_PACKET_SIZE      (128)
#define YMODEM_PACKET_1K_SIZE   (1024)

#define YMODEM_CODE_CAN_NUMBER  (5)

/* Type definitions ----------------------------------------------------------*/
class Ymodem
{
public:
  enum Code
  {
    CodeNone = 0x00,
    CodeSoh  = 0x01,
    CodeStx  = 0x02,
    CodeEot  = 0x04,
    CodeAck  = 0x06,
    CodeNak  = 0x15,
    CodeCan  = 0x18,
    CodeC    = 0x43,
    CodeA1   = 0x41,
    CodeA2   = 0x61
  };

  enum Stage
  {
    StageNone,
    StageEstablishing,
    StageEstablished,
    StageTransmitting,
    StageFinishing,
    StageFinished
  };

  enum Status
  {
    StatusEstablish,
    StatusTransmit,
    StatusFinish,
    StatusAbort,
    StatusTimeout,
    StatusError
  };

  Ymodem(uint32_t timeDivide = 499, uint32_t timeMax = 5, uint32_t errorMax = 999);

  void setTimeDivide(uint32_t timeDivide);
  uint32_t getTimeDivide();

  void setTimeMax(uint32_t timeMax);
  uint32_t getTimeMax();

  void setErrorMax(uint32_t errorMax);
  uint32_t getErrorMax();

  void receive();
  void transmit();
  void abort();

private:
  Code receivePacket();

  void receiveStageNone();
  void receiveStageEstablishing();
  void receiveStageEstablished();
  void receiveStageTransmitting();
  void receiveStageFinishing();
  void receiveStageFinished();

  void transmitStageNone();
  void transmitStageEstablishing();
  void transmitStageEstablished();
  void transmitStageTransmitting();
  void transmitStageFinishing();
  void transmitStageFinished();

  uint16_t crc16(uint8_t *buff, uint32_t len);

  virtual Code callback(Status status, uint8_t *buff, uint32_t *len) = 0;

  virtual uint32_t read(uint8_t *buff, uint32_t len)  = 0;
  virtual uint32_t write(uint8_t *buff, uint32_t len) = 0;

  uint32_t timeDivide;
  uint32_t timeMax;
  uint32_t errorMax;

  uint32_t timeCount;
  uint32_t errorCount;
  uint8_t  dataCount;

  Code  code;
  Stage stage;

  uint8_t  rxBuffer[YMODEM_PACKET_1K_SIZE + YMODEM_PACKET_OVERHEAD];
  uint8_t  txBuffer[YMODEM_PACKET_1K_SIZE + YMODEM_PACKET_OVERHEAD];
  uint32_t rxLength;
  uint32_t txLength;
};

/* Variable declarations -----------------------------------------------------*/
/* Variable definitions ------------------------------------------------------*/
/* Function declarations -----------------------------------------------------*/
/* Function definitions ------------------------------------------------------*/

#endif /* __YMODEM_H */

      Ymodem.cpp文件

/**
  ******************************************************************************
  * @file    Ymodem.cpp
  * @author  XinLi
  * @version v1.0
  * @date    21-January-2018
  * @brief   Ymodem protocol module source file.
  ******************************************************************************
  * @attention
  *
  * <h2><center>Copyright &copy; 2018 XinLi</center></h2>
  *
  * This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
  * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
  * the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
  * (at your option) any later version.
  *
  * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
  * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
  * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
  * GNU General Public License for more details.
  *
  * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
  * along with this program.  If not, see <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
  *
  ******************************************************************************
  */

/* Header includes -----------------------------------------------------------*/
#include "Ymodem.h"
#include <string.h>

/* Macro definitions ---------------------------------------------------------*/
/* Type definitions ----------------------------------------------------------*/
/* Variable declarations -----------------------------------------------------*/
/* Variable definitions ------------------------------------------------------*/
/* Function declarations -----------------------------------------------------*/
/* Function definitions ------------------------------------------------------*/

/**
  * @brief  Ymodem constructor.
  * @param  [in] timeDivide: The fractional factor of the time the ymodem is called.
  * @param  [in] timeMax:    The maximum time when calling the ymodem.
  * @param  [in] errorMax:   The maximum error count when calling the ymodem.
  * @note   The longest waiting time = call time / (@timeDivide + 1) * (@timeMax + 1).
  * @return None.
  */
Ymodem::Ymodem(uint32_t timeDivide, uint32_t timeMax, uint32_t errorMax)
{
  this->timeDivide = timeDivide;
  this->timeMax    = timeMax;
  this->errorMax   = errorMax;

  this->timeCount  = 0;
  this->errorCount = 0;
  this->dataCount  = 0;

  this->code       = CodeNone;
  this->stage      = StageNone;
}

/**
  * @brief  Set the fractional factor of the time the ymodem is called.
  * @param  [in] timeDivide: The fractional factor of the time the ymodem is called.
  * @return None.
  */
void Ymodem::setTimeDivide(uint32_t timeDivide)
{
  this->timeDivide = timeDivide;
}

/**
  * @brief  Get the fractional factor of the time the ymodem is called.
  * @param  None.
  * @return The fractional factor of the time the ymodem is called.
  */
uint32_t Ymodem::getTimeDivide()
{
  return timeDivide;
}

/**
  * @brief  Set the maximum time when calling the ymodem.
  * @param  [in] timeMax: The maximum time when calling the ymodem.
  * @return None.
  */
void Ymodem::setTimeMax(uint32_t timeMax)
{
  this->timeMax = timeMax;
}

/**
  * @brief  Get the maximum time when calling the ymodem.
  * @param  None.
  * @return The maximum time when calling the ymodem.
  */
uint32_t Ymodem::getTimeMax()
{
  return timeMax;
}

/**
  * @brief  Set the maximum error count when calling the ymodem.
  * @param  [in] errorMax: The maximum error count when calling the ymodem.
  * @return None.
  */
void Ymodem::setErrorMax(uint32_t errorMax)
{
  this->errorMax = errorMax;
}

/**
  * @brief  Get the maximum error count when calling the ymodem.
  * @param  None.
  * @return The maximum error count when calling the ymodem.
  */
uint32_t Ymodem::getErrorMax()
{
  return errorMax;
}

/**
  * @brief  Ymodem receive.
  * @param  None.
  * @return None.
  */
void Ymodem::receive()
{
  switch(stage)
  {
    case StageNone:
    {
      receiveStageNone();

      break;
    }

    case StageEstablishing:
    {
      receiveStageEstablishing();

      break;
    }

    case StageEstablished:
    {
      receiveStageEstablished();

      break;
    }

    case StageTransmitting:
    {
      receiveStageTransmitting();

      break;
    }

    case StageFinishing:
    {
      receiveStageFinishing();

      break;
    }

    default:
    {
      receiveStageFinished();
    }
  }
}

/**
  * @brief  Ymodem transmit.
  * @param  None.
  * @return None.
  */
void Ymodem::transmit()
{
  switch(stage)
  {
    case StageNone:
    {
      transmitStageNone();

      break;
    }

    case StageEstablishing:
    {
      transmitStageEstablishing();

      break;
    }

    case StageEstablished:
    {
      transmitStageEstablished();

      break;
    }

    case StageTransmitting:
    {
      transmitStageTransmitting();

      break;
    }

    case StageFinishing:
    {
      transmitStageFinishing();

      break;
    }

    default:
    {
      transmitStageFinished();
    }
  }
}

/**
  * @brief  Ymodem abort.
  * @param  None.
  * @return None.
  */
void Ymodem::abort()
{
  timeCount  = 0;
  errorCount = 0;
  dataCount  = 0;
  code       = CodeNone;
  stage      = StageNone;

  for(txLength = 0; txLength < YMODEM_CODE_CAN_NUMBER; txLength++)
  {
    txBuffer[txLength] = CodeCan;
  }

  write(txBuffer, txLength);
}

/**
  * @brief  Receives a packet of data.
  * @param  None.
  * @return Packet type.
  */
Ymodem::Code Ymodem::receivePacket()
{
  if(code == CodeNone)
  {
    if(read(&(rxBuffer[0]), 1) > 0)
    {
      if(rxBuffer[0] == CodeSoh)
      {
        uint32_t len = read(&(rxBuffer[1]), YMODEM_PACKET_SIZE + YMODEM_PACKET_OVERHEAD - 1);

        if(len < (YMODEM_PACKET_SIZE + YMODEM_PACKET_OVERHEAD - 1))
        {
          rxLength = len + 1;
          code     = CodeSoh;

          return CodeNone;
        }
        else
        {
          return CodeSoh;
        }
      }
      else if(rxBuffer[0] == CodeStx)
      {
        uint32_t len = read(&(rxBuffer[1]), YMODEM_PACKET_1K_SIZE + YMODEM_PACKET_OVERHEAD - 1);

        if(len < (YMODEM_PACKET_1K_SIZE + YMODEM_PACKET_OVERHEAD - 1))
        {
          rxLength = len + 1;
          code     = CodeStx;

          return CodeNone;
        }
        else
        {
          return CodeStx;
        }
      }
      else
      {
        return (Code)(rxBuffer[0]);
      }
    }
    else
    {
      return CodeNone;
    }
  }
  else
  {
    if(code == CodeSoh)
    {
      uint32_t len = read(&(rxBuffer[rxLength]), YMODEM_PACKET_SIZE + YMODEM_PACKET_OVERHEAD - rxLength);

      if(len < (YMODEM_PACKET_SIZE + YMODEM_PACKET_OVERHEAD - rxLength))
      {
        rxLength += len;

        return CodeNone;
      }
      else
      {
        code = CodeNone;

        return CodeSoh;
      }
    }
    else if(code == CodeStx)
    {
      uint32_t len = read(&(rxBuffer[rxLength]), YMODEM_PACKET_1K_SIZE + YMODEM_PACKET_OVERHEAD - rxLength);

      if(len < (YMODEM_PACKET_1K_SIZE + YMODEM_PACKET_OVERHEAD - rxLength))
      {
        rxLength += len;

        return CodeNone;
      }
      else
      {
        code = CodeNone;

        return CodeStx;
      }
    }
    else
    {
      code = CodeNone;

      return CodeNone;
    }
  }
}

/**
  * @brief  Receive none stage.
  * @param  None.
  * @return None.
  */
void Ymodem::receiveStageNone()
{
  timeCount   = 0;
  errorCount  = 0;
  dataCount   = 0;
  code        = CodeNone;
  stage       = StageEstablishing;
  txBuffer[0] = CodeC;
  txLength    = 1;
  write(txBuffer, txLength);
}

/**
  * @brief  Receive establishing stage.
  * @param  None.
  * @return None.
  */
void Ymodem::receiveStageEstablishing()
{
  switch(receivePacket())
  {
    case CodeSoh:
    {
      uint16_t crc = ((uint16_t)(rxBuffer[YMODEM_PACKET_SIZE + YMODEM_PACKET_OVERHEAD - 2]) << 8) |
                     ((uint16_t)(rxBuffer[YMODEM_PACKET_SIZE + YMODEM_PACKET_OVERHEAD - 1]) << 0);

      if((rxBuffer[1] == 0x00) && (rxBuffer[2] == 0xFF) &&
         (crc == crc16(&(rxBuffer[YMODEM_PACKET_HEADER]), YMODEM_PACKET_SIZE)))
      {
        uint32_t dataLength = YMODEM_PACKET_SIZE;

        if(callback(StatusEstablish, &(rxBuffer[YMODEM_PACKET_HEADER]), &dataLength) == CodeAck)
        {
          timeCount   = 0;
          errorCount  = 0;
          dataCount   = 0;
          code        = CodeNone;
          stage       = StageEstablished;
          txBuffer[0] = CodeAck;
          txBuffer[1] = CodeC;
          txLength    = 2;
          write(txBuffer, txLength);
        }
        else
        {
          timeCount  = 0;
          errorCount = 0;
          dataCount  = 0;
          code       = CodeNone;
          stage      = StageNone;

          for(txLength = 0; txLength < YMODEM_CODE_CAN_NUMBER; txLength++)
          {
            txBuffer[txLength] = CodeCan;
          }

          write(txBuffer, txLength);
        }
      }
      else
      {
        errorCount++;

        if(errorCount > errorMax)
        {
          timeCount  = 0;
          errorCount = 0;
          dataCount  = 0;
          code       = CodeNone;
          stage      = StageNone;

          for(txLength = 0; txLength < YMODEM_CODE_CAN_NUMBER; txLength++)
          {
            txBuffer[txLength] = CodeCan;
          }

          write(txBuffer, txLength);
          callback(StatusError, NULL, NULL);
        }
        else
        {
          txBuffer[0] = CodeC;
          txLength    = 1;
          write(txBuffer, txLength);
        }
      }

      break;
    }

    case CodeA1:
    case CodeA2:
    case CodeCan:
    {
      timeCount  = 0;
      errorCount = 0;
      dataCount  = 0;
      code       = CodeNone;
      stage      = StageNone;
      callback(StatusAbort, NULL, NULL);

      break;
    }

    default:
    {
      timeCount++;

      if((timeCount / (timeDivide + 1)) > timeMax)
      {
        timeCount  = 0;
        errorCount = 0;
        dataCount  = 0;
        code       = CodeNone;
        stage      = StageNone;

        for(txLength = 0; txLength < YMODEM_CODE_CAN_NUMBER; txLength++)
        {
          txBuffer[txLength] = CodeCan;
        }

        write(txBuffer, txLength);
        callback(StatusTimeout, NULL, NULL);
      }
      else if((timeCount % (timeDivide + 1)) == 0)
      {
        txBuffer[0] = CodeC;
        txLength    = 1;
        write(txBuffer, txLength);
      }
    }
  }
}

/**
  * @brief  Receive established stage.
  * @param  None.
  * @return None.
  */
void Ymodem::receiveStageEstablished()
{
  switch(receivePacket())
  {
    case CodeSoh:
    {
      uint16_t crc = ((uint16_t)(rxBuffer[YMODEM_PACKET_SIZE + YMODEM_PACKET_OVERHEAD - 2]) << 8) |
                     ((uint16_t)(rxBuffer[YMODEM_PACKET_SIZE + YMODEM_PACKET_OVERHEAD - 1]) << 0);

      if((rxBuffer[1] == 0x00) && (rxBuffer[2] == 0xFF) &&
         (crc == crc16(&(rxBuffer[YMODEM_PACKET_HEADER]), YMODEM_PACKET_SIZE)))
      {
        errorCount++;

        if(errorCount > errorMax)
        {
          timeCount  = 0;
          errorCount = 0;
          dataCount  = 0;
          code       = CodeNone;
          stage      = StageNone;

          for(txLength = 0; txLength < YMODEM_CODE_CAN_NUMBER; txLength++)
          {
            txBuffer[txLength] = CodeCan;
          }

          write(txBuffer, txLength);
          callback(StatusError, NULL, NULL);
        }
        else
        {
          txBuffer[0] = CodeAck;
          txBuffer[1] = CodeC;
          txLength    = 2;
          write(txBuffer, txLength);
        }
      }
      else if((rxBuffer[1] == 0x01) && (rxBuffer[2] == 0xFE) &&
  
  • 18
    点赞
  • 66
    收藏
    觉得还不错? 一键收藏
  • 8
    评论

“相关推荐”对你有帮助么?

  • 非常没帮助
  • 没帮助
  • 一般
  • 有帮助
  • 非常有帮助
提交
评论 8
添加红包

请填写红包祝福语或标题

红包个数最小为10个

红包金额最低5元

当前余额3.43前往充值 >
需支付:10.00
成就一亿技术人!
领取后你会自动成为博主和红包主的粉丝 规则
hope_wisdom
发出的红包
实付
使用余额支付
点击重新获取
扫码支付
钱包余额 0

抵扣说明:

1.余额是钱包充值的虚拟货币,按照1:1的比例进行支付金额的抵扣。
2.余额无法直接购买下载,可以购买VIP、付费专栏及课程。

余额充值