kuangbin专题一 简单搜索 L - Oil Deposits

L - Oil Deposits

 

The GeoSurvComp geologic survey company is responsible for detecting underground oil deposits. GeoSurvComp works with one large rectangular region of land at a time, and creates a grid that divides the land into numerous square plots. It then analyzes each plot separately, using sensing equipment to determine whether or not the plot contains oil. A plot containing oil is called a pocket. If two pockets are adjacent, then they are part of the same oil deposit. Oil deposits can be quite large and may contain numerous pockets. Your job is to determine how many different oil deposits are contained in a grid. 
InputThe input file contains one or more grids. Each grid begins with a line containing m and n, the number of rows and columns in the grid, separated by a single space. If m = 0 it signals the end of the input; otherwise 1 <= m <= 100 and 1 <= n <= 100. Following this are m lines of n characters each (not counting the end-of-line characters). Each character corresponds to one plot, and is either `*', representing the absence of oil, or `@', representing an oil pocket. 
OutputFor each grid, output the number of distinct oil deposits. Two different pockets are part of the same oil deposit if they are adjacent horizontally, vertically, or diagonally. An oil deposit will not contain more than 100 pockets. 
Sample Input
1 1
*
3 5
*@*@*
**@**
*@*@*
1 8
@@****@*
5 5 
****@
*@@*@
*@**@
@@@*@
@@**@
0 0 
Sample Output
0
1
2
2

很简单的一道bfs题,遍历vis,如果没走过并且有油(vis[i][j]==1)就从这一点开始bfs,然后把可以触碰到的点都变成0,再回来继续判断。

#include<iostream>  
#include<cstring>  
#include<algorithm>  
#include<queue>  
using namespace std;  
const int _max=150;
char mp[_max][_max];
bool vis[_max][_max];
int dx[]={0,0,1,-1,1,-1,1,-1};
int dy[]={1,-1,0,0,-1,1,1,-1};
struct node{
	int x,y;
};
int n,m,scount;
bool check(node n1){
	if(n1.x<1||n1.x>n) return false;
	if(n1.y<1||n1.y>m) return false;
	if(!vis[n1.x][n1.y]) return false;
	return true;
}
void bfs(int sx,int sy){
	queue<node> q;
	node now,next;
	now.x=sx;
	now.y=sy;
	vis[now.x][now.y]=0;
	q.push(now);
	while(!q.empty()){
		now=q.front();
		q.pop();
		for(int i=0;i<8;i++){
		next.x=now.x+dx[i];
		next.y=now.y+dy[i];
		if(!check(next)) continue;
		vis[next.x][next.y]=0;
		q.push(next);
	    }
	}
}
int main()
{
	while(cin>>n>>m&&!(n==0&&m==0)){
		scount=0;
		memset(vis,1,sizeof(vis));
		for(int i=1;i<=n;i++)
		  for(int j=1;j<=m;j++){
		  	cin>>mp[i][j];
		  	if(mp[i][j]=='*')
		  	   {
		  	   	vis[i][j]=0;
			   }
          }
          for(int i=1;i<=n;i++)
             for(int j=1;j<=m;j++){
             	if(vis[i][j]==1){
             		bfs(i,j);
             		scount++;
				 }
			 }
			  cout<<scount<<endl;
	}
}

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kuangbin专题一 简单搜索 L - Oil Deposits

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