ICC使用----ICC 1 Lab Guide学习笔记

Preface

  • ICC学习资料

链接:https://pan.baidu.com/s/1BfJ6mVHbw0XhDGcoGE6W_g
提取码:hig9

  • 里面包括:ICC Lab压缩包(在linux中解压)、ICC2 Lab压缩包(在linux中解压)、ICC Lab Guide、ICC Student Guide、两篇我的博客笔记、iccug(icc user guide)、Milkyway Database介绍、数字IC后端设计介绍(建议阅读,了解后端设计流程)
  • 本文根据IC Compiler 1 Lab Guide.pdf而写,一共分为两个部分,Q&A是记录ICC使用中遇到的一些问题,ICC 1 Lab Guide主要是熟练一下整个流程并记录各条命令。实际上,这些命令在每个Lab下的.solution/run.tcl中都有记录。

  • 由于pdf中没有目录,不利于新手理解整个流程,所以本博客的目的就是把整个流程弄成目录的形式,帮助新手理解。如下图,整个设计流程一目了然,还可以很方便的进行跳转。

  • 本博客中还会加入一些名词解释,帮助大家更好地理解各个专有名字的意思以及它们的作用。

  • 后面就基本使用英文来写了吧,锻炼一下自己的英语水平,顺带记一下专有名词,英语很重要哦。

ICC 1 Lab Guide

Note:

  • This is just a simple flow record, refer to the ‘IC Compiler 1 Lab Guide.pdf’ for the meaning of each step.
  • A complete command script is available to help you in each lab directory if you encounter problems or get stuck: .solutions/run.tcl.
  • If you dont understand some steps of a specific flow, just record and skip them and then continue to study. When you finish all flows of ICC design, go over the manual again and this will help you understand it better.
  • Before a lab learning start, you’d better read the learning objectives seriously, which will help you understand the lab better and drive you study with a specific purpose.
  • Please remember the purpose of each flow.

1.Data Setup & Basic Flow(P27)

Learning Objectives

  • This lab has two purposes:
    • Walk through the “data setup” process of creating and maintaining a Milkyway database to hold your design data.
    • Run a complete basic flow, from loading a floorplan through routing.
    • Milkyway ——> ASIC物理实现概念浅析之Milkyway database,详细信息请参考百度网盘中Milkyway_database.pdf文档。

Milkyway database is a unifying design storage format for tools in the Synopsys Galaxy™ Design Platform, including Design Compiler®,IC Compiler™, StarRC™, IC Validator,PrimeRail, and the Milkyway Environment.

  • Synopsys工具可以访问Milkyway database中设计和库的物理信息。这个物理信息不仅包含库单元的物理和工艺信息,还包含某个特定设计的placement和routing等信息。

  • Milkyway database是层次化的文件管理架构。但是,为了确保文件一致性和完整性,只能通过Synopsys工具进行访问(open_mw_lib)。

  • 当打开一个设计的Milkyway database时,工具会自动链接到其他所需的reference Milkyway database(参考库)

  • Milkyway database中信息的基本单位是cell。cell可以是芯片中I / O,standard cell,或者整个芯片的物理版图。在Synopsys工具中,可以使用open_mw_cel命令打开一个当前Milkyway database中的cell进行编辑。

  • Milkyway database中同一个cell的不同表示形式,称为“views”。

  • CEL view包含完整的layout信息,FRAM view只包含cell的抽象表示用于placement 和 routing。

  • IC Compiler和 PrimeRail等工具在执行相应的工作(physical verification、IR drop和electro migrationanalysis)是也会产生相应的views。

  • Milkyway database除了包含物理库信息、工艺信息,还包含特定设计的物理信息,即保存了placement 和 routing的结果。也就是说,Milkyway database包含了设计库(design library)和参考库(reference libraries)。

  • After completing this lab, you should be able to:
    • Create a Milkyway database for your design
    • Attach reference libraries to your design library
    • Load TLU+ models for accurate parasitics modeling
    • Read in a netlist
    • Apply sdc constraints
    • Apply timing and optimization controls
    • Load a DEF format floorplan
    • Place and optimize the design using place_opt
    • Build and optimize a clock tree for the design using clock_opt
    • Route and optimize the design using route_opt

Create a Milkyway library

create_mw_lib -technology $tech_file -mw_reference_library "$mw_path/sc $mw_path/io $mw_path\
  /ram16x128" -bus_naming_style {[%d]} -open $my_mw_lib

Load the Netlist, TLU+, Constraints and Controls

#############################################################
# Netlist(verilog format)
# Open Library & Import Designs
import_designs $verilog_file -format verilog -top $top_design

#############################################################
# TLU+
# Set TLU+ files
set_tlu_plus_files -max_tluplus $tlup_max -min_tluplus $tlup_min -tech2itf_map $tlup_map

# Check the physical and logical libraries for consistency
# Recommended complete check, which would include checks related to UDF power constraints, 
# multi-corner multi-mode, and CCS current modeling
# set_check_library_options -all
# Default check
check_library

# Check that TLU+ files are attached and that they pass three sanity checks
check_tlu_plus_files

# Verify that the specified link libraries have been loaded
list_libs

# P/G logical connection
# Define the "logical" connections between power/ground pins and nets
source $derive_pg_file
check_mv_design -power_nets

#############################################################
# Constraints
# Apply the top level design constraints
read_sdc $sdc_file

# Check if any key timing constraints (for example clocks, input/output constraints) are missing
check_timing

# Check to see what "timing exception" constraints are applied to your design
report_timing_requirements

# Check to see if timing analysis was disabled along any paths
report_disable_timing

# Check to see if the design has been configured for a specific "mode" or "case", for example "functional" versus "test" mode
report_case_analysis

# Verify that the clocks are appropriately modeled
report_clock 
report_clock -skew

#############################################################
# Control
# Apply some timing and optimization controls which are specified in ./scripts/opt_ctrl.tcl
source $ctrl_file

# Run a "zero-interconnect"(zic) timing report
source scripts/zic_timing.tcl 

# Remove the ideal network definition so that it will be buffered during physical design
remove_ideal_network [get_ports scan_en]

# Save the cell and notice the new binary files under risc_chip.mw/CEL
save_mw_cel -as RISC_CHIP_data_setup

Basic Flow: Design Planning

DEF:(Design exchange format),叫设计交换格式,是ASCII格式的文件,它描述的是实际的设计,对库单元及它们的位置和连接关系进行了列表,使用DEF来在不同的设计系统间传递设计,同时又可以保持设计的内容不变。DEF与只传递几何信息的GDSII不一样。它可以将设计的逻辑信息和物理信息传递给布局布线工具。逻辑信息包括逻辑连接关系(由网表表示)、grouping信息以及物理约束。物理信息包括布局规划布局位置及方向绕线几何数据

# Read in the provided DEF file, the .def file's generation will be discussed in later Units: # Design Planning
read_def $def_file

# Ensure that standard cells will not be placed under the power and ground metal routes(this constraint is not part of DEF)
set_pnet_options -complete {METAL3 METAL4}

# Save the design cell and notice the new binary files under risc_chip.mw/CEL
save_mw_cel -as RISC_CHIP_floorplanned

Basic Flow: Placement

# Place and optimize the design for timing, and generate a timing report
place_opt
redirect -tee place_opt.timing {report_timing}

# Analyze congestion
report_congestion -grc_based -by_layer -routing_stage global

# Save the design cell
save_mw_cel -as RISC_CHIP_placed

Basic Flow: CTS

# Remove the "clock uncertainty" and enable hold-time fixing
# Using default settings to generate the clock tree
remove_clock_uncertainty [all_clocks]
set_fix_hold [all_clocks]
clock_opt 
redirect -tee clock_opt.timing {report_timing}

# Save the design cell
save_mw_cel -as RISC_CHIP_cts

exit

Basic Flow: Routing

# Invoke IC Compiler's GUI
icc_shell -gui

# Open Libraries
open_mw_lib $my_mw_lib
open_mw_cel RISC_CHIP_cts

# Re-apply the timing and optimization controls, which were applied during data setup
source $ctrl_file

# Route the design. This will take care of all the signal nets(the clock nets were already detail-routed by clock_opt)
route_opt

# Generate a timing report
view report_timing -nosplit
v rt

# By default timing reports show maximum delay or setup timing
v rt -delay min

# Generate physical design statistics
report_design -physical

# Save the design
save_mw_cel -as RISC_CHIP_routed

# Quit the IC Complier shell
exit or quit

2.Design Planning(P43)

Learning Objectives

  • Define the core and placement row structure
  • Define locations for signal, P/G and corner pads
  • Insert filler pad cells
  • Manually place a few macros
  • Apply macro placement constraints
  • Place macros and standard cells using “virtual flat placement”
  • Analyze congestion
  • Create power/ground rings around groups of macros
  • Complete the power/ground rings and straps using Power Network Synthesis(PNS)
  • Analyze IR drop using Power Network Analysis(PNA)
  • Analyze timing

Load the Design

# Invoke IC Compiler and start the GUI
cd lab2_dp
icc_shell -gui

# Open the orca_setup cell from the orca_lib.mv design library
open_mw_cel -library orca_lib.mw orca_setup

# Apply timing and optimization controls which are specified in ./scripts/opt_ctrl.tcl
source script/opt_ctrl.tcl

# Switch to the Design Planning task
gui_set_current_task -name {Design Planning}

Initialize the Floorplan

# Create the corner and P/G cells and define all pad cell positions using a provided script
# Reason: The logical netlist from synthesis does not contain physical-only cells such as 
# power and ground pad cells or corner pad cells. You have to therefore create these extra 
# cells before being able to physically place them in the periphery area of your chip.
source -echo scripts/pad_cell_cons.tcl

# Initialize the floorplan, including core utilization and core to left/right/bottom/top spacing 
initialize_floorplan -core_utilization 0.8 -left_io2core 30.0 -bottom_io2core 30.0 -right_io2core 30.0 -top_io2core 30.0

# Insert the pad filler
insert_pad_filler -cell "pfeed10000 pfeed05000 pfeed02000 pfeed01000 pfeed00500 pfeed00200 pfeed00100 pfeed00050 pfeed00010 pfeed00005"
# You could also type this
source scripts/insert_pad_filler.tcl

# Make the "logical" connection(no physical routing) between the power/ground signals and all power/ground pins of the I/O pads, macros and standard cells
source -echo scripts/connect_pg.tcl

# Build the PAD area power supply ring
create_pad_rings

# Save the design as "floorplan_init"
save_mw_cel -as floorplan_init

Preplace the Macros Connected to I/O Pads

# Manually place the macros in the core area such that their connections to the I/O pads are as short as possible

# To ensure that the three macros are placed as expected, you can source the following script
source -echo scripts/preplace_macros.tcl

Perform Virtual Flat Placement

# Verify that the current VF placement strategy options have default settings
report_fp_placement_strategy

# Apply a sliver size of 10 to prevent standard cells from being placed in narrow channels(<10um) between macros
set_fp_placement_strategy -sliver_size 10

# Execute a timing-driven VF placement with "no hierarchy gravity"(to ensure that the 
# "logical hierarchy" does not affect placement of this non-hierarchical or flat layout)
create_fp_placement -timing_driven -no_hierarchy_gravity

# Examine the global route congestion map
report_congestion -grc_based -by_layer -routing_stage_global

# Apply macro placement constraints to turn some of the macros into arrays. This makes  
# more easier in routing power and ground straps and macro rings.
source -echo scripts/macro_place_cons.tcl

# Double check your settings
report_fp_placement_strategy
report_fp_macro_options

# Set a hard keepout margin of 10 microns around all macros.
source -echo scripts/keepout.tcl

# Running the VF placer again
create_fp_placement -timing_driven -no_hierarchy_gravity

# Analyze the global route congestion map again 
report_congestion -grc_based -by_layer -routing_stage_global

# Lock down all macros
set_dont_touch_placement [all_macro_cells]

# Save the cell
save_mw_cel -as floorplan_placed

Create P/G Rings Around Macro Groups

  • Use “Power Network Synthesis”(PNS) to automate the creation of power/ground core and individual macro rings, as well as vertical and horizontal straps.
  • If you want to create rings around groups of macros, that is done peior to PNS.
# Create P/G rings around six groups of macros using macro_pg_rings.tcl
# Defining a rough "region" that encompasses a group of macros
# Defining the block ring layers, widths and offsets
# Creating(commiting) the metal routes
source ./script/macro_pg_rings.tcl

# The fixed macro "PLL" in the upper-left corner does not have a P/G ring around it - this 
# will be done by PNS

Power Network Synthesis


3.Placement(P63)

4.Clock Tree Synthesis(P75)

5.Routing(P91)

6.Chip Finishing(P103)

Q & A

Q:Module … is not defined

A:

在按照IC Compiler 1 Lab Guide手册学习ICC的时候,遇到了上图所示的问题,解决方法为:关于ICC-200809-SP5 “module is not defined” 原因以及解决办法
将IC_Compiler_2010.12-SP2/ref/mw_lib中的io、ram16x128、sc中的CEL、FRAM、LM中的文件中的_数字全部命名为:数字即可,使用命令:rename _ : *(这个命令不一定全部适用,需要自己改改,参考:linux中mv和rename的区别)。建议直接把压缩包传到虚拟机(工作站)中,然后解压就不会出现这种问题了。

  • 命名前
  • 命名后

将三个文件夹中的文件名都修改之后,重新执行,便可正常运行。

Q: What are the differences between CEL and FRAM?

A:

Please refer to: ICC 中的 FRAM 什么意思?

Q: Whats the meaning of .tf files?

  • The technology file is unique to each technology
  • Contains metal layer technology parameters:
    • Number and name designations for each layer/via
    • Physical and electrical characteristics of each layer/via
    • Design rules for each layer/via(Minimum wire widths and wire-to-wire spacing, etc)
    • Units and precision for electrical units
    • Colors and patterns of layers for display

Reference

  1. 爱芯人——数字IC后端设计技术全局观.pdf
  2. ICC 中的 FRAM 什么意思?
  3. 关于ICC-200809-SP5 “module is not defined” 原因以及解决办法
  4. Synopsys——IC Compiler 1 Lab Guide.pdf
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