英语笔记46-50讲

第46讲

定语从句(关系代词)

  • 定语从句:在句中做定语,修饰一个名词或代词,被修饰的名词,叫先行词。其后的从句就是定语从句,有关系词(关系代词或者关系副词)引出。

  • 关系代词,在从句中做一定的成分,代替先行词,起到连接先行词和从句的作用,常用关系代词:
    that,who,which,whom,whose

  • The girl whom/that l spoke to is my cousin.

a,先行词是人的话用that,who,whom,whose来引导定语从句,

  • “whom” 在从句中作宾语

  • "who"和"that"在从句中既可作主语又可作宾语。

  • They are the people that/who were seen yesterday.

  • They are the people whom/that/who l saw yesterday.

  • They are the people whose wallets were lost yesterday
    b,先行词是动物/事物的话,用which,that,whose来引导定语从句

  • which,that在从句中可做主语和宾语,作宾语时可省略

  • He came back for the book which/that he had forgotten.

  • He came back for the book which/that was on the desk.

  • This is the chair whose legs were broken.
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    第47讲

定语从句的关系副词

when,where,why

why:用于修饰表示原因的名词
(eg. the reason)
We don’t know the reason why he didn’t show up
when:修饰表示时间的名词
(eg. next week)
We’ll put off the picnic until next week,when the weather may be better
where:修饰表示地点的名词
(eg.the place)
We don.t know the place where he lives,

第48讲

宾语从句连词

宾语从句:在句子中起宾语作用的从句
从属连词:that,if,whether。
连接代词:who,whom,whose,what,
连接副词:when,where,why,how

从属连词:that,if,whether

  • He said that he was there yesterday
  • He doesn’t know if/whether he was there.

连接代词:who,whom,whose,what

  • Do you know who has won the game?
  • Do you know whom he lokes?
  • Do you know whose book it is?
  • Do you know what he is looking at?

连接副词:when,where,why,how.

  • He wants to know when the party is.
  • He wants to know where the party is.
  • He wants to know why they have a party.
  • He wants to know how they come.

第49讲

比较级和最高级(1)

  • 通常在形容词和副词后面加 “er” “est”
    hard-harder-the hardest

  • 词尾是不发音的单音节e时,加"r" “st”
    nice-nicer-the nicest

  • 词尾时辅音+y的双音节时,去掉"y"加 “ier” “iest”
    dry-drier-the direst

  • 以一个辅音结尾的重读闭音节时,双写最后一个字母,加"er" “est”.
    hot-hotter-the hottest

  • 多音节和双音节,在形容词和副词前加

  • 程度加强:“more” “the most”

  • 程度减弱: “less” “the least”
    interesting - more/less interesting
    - the most/the least interesting

  • 不规则变化:good-better-the best
    many-more-the most

第50讲

比较级和最高级(2)

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