Petalinux201902-zynqMP write and read VDMA

1,create vivado project like
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在这里插入图片描述
2,export xsa
3,create petalinux project
4,add qt x11 mali to rootfs. then petalinux-build.
5,vmda needs to reserve ddr space,ultra96 v1 has 2GB space,let addr 0x50000000 size 0x10000000 256MB space to user as dma space.so in (device tree) system-user.dtsi

/include/ “system-conf.dtsi”
/ {
reserved-memory {
#address-cells = <2>;
#size-cells = <2>;
ranges;
reserved: buffer@70000000 {
compatible = “shared-dma-pool”;
no-map;
reg = <0x0 0x50000000 0x0 0x10000000>;
};
};
reserved-driver@70000000 {
compatible = “xlnx,reserved-memory”;
memory-region = <&reserved>;
};
};

&axi_vdma_0 {
status = “disabled”;
};

5,#address-cells means using several cells to represent the address,
#size-cells means using several cells to represent the address length,
eg1:
#address-cells = <1>;
#size-cells = <1>;
reg = <0x50000000 0x10000000>;
eg2:
#address-cells = <2>;
#size-cells = <2>;
reg = <0x0 0x50000000 0x0 0x10000000>;
6,redo petalinux-build cp BOOT.bin image.ub to SD FAT space.
7,petalinux-build --sdk then petalinux-package --sysroot.
8,configure qt environment.
9,source environment-setup-aarch64-xilinx-linux,create qt project
maiwindow.cpp
#include “mainwindow.h”
#include “ui_mainwindow.h”
#include “vdma.h”

MainWindow::MainWindow(QWidget *parent) :
QMainWindow(parent),
ui(new Ui::MainWindow)
{
ui->setupUi(this);
int j, i;
vdma_handle handle;
// Setup VDMA handle and memory-mapped ranges
vdma_setup(&handle, 0xa0000000, 640, 480, 4, 0x50000000, 0x51000000, 0x52000000);
// Start triple buffering
vdma_start_triple_buffering(&handle);
// Run for 10 seconds, just monitor status registers
for(i=0; i<10; i++) {
vdma_s2mm_status_dump(&handle);
vdma_mm2s_status_dump(&handle);
printf(“FB1:\n”);
for (j = 0; j < 256; j++) printf(" %02x", handle.fb1VirtualAddress[j]); printf("\n");
sleep(1);
}
// Halt VDMA and unmap memory ranges
vdma_halt(&handle);
}

MainWindow::~MainWindow()
{
delete ui;
}

vdma.cpp
#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include “vdma.h”
#include
#include

int vdma_setup(vdma_handle handle, unsigned int baseAddr, int width, int height, int pixelLength, unsigned int fb1Addr, unsigned int fb2Addr, unsigned int fb3Addr) {
handle->baseAddr=baseAddr;
handle->width=width;
handle->height=height;
handle->pixelLength=pixelLength;
handle->fbLength=pixelLength
widthheight;
handle->vdmaHandler = open("/dev/mem", O_RDWR | O_SYNC);
handle->vdmaVirtualAddress = (unsigned int
)mmap(NULL, 65535, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED, handle->vdmaHandler, (off_t)handle->baseAddr);
// debug
// unsigned char p_map;
// int fd;
// p_map=(unsigned char )mmap(NULL,65536,PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED,handle->vdmaHandler,off_t(0xf0000000));
// if(handle->fb1VirtualAddress == MAP_FAILED){
// perror(“failed”);
// }
// qDebug() << handle->fb1VirtualAddress;
//debug
qDebug() << handle->baseAddr;
qDebug() << handle->vdmaVirtualAddress;
if(handle->vdmaVirtualAddress == MAP_FAILED) {
perror(“vdmaVirtualAddress mapping for absolute memory access failed.\n”);
return -1;
}
handle->fb1PhysicalAddress = (unsigned int
)fb1Addr;
handle->fb1VirtualAddress = (unsigned int
)mmap(NULL, handle->fbLength, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED, handle->vdmaHandler, (off_t)fb1Addr);
qDebug() << handle->fb1PhysicalAddress;
qDebug() << handle->fb1VirtualAddress;
if(handle->fb1VirtualAddress == MAP_FAILED) {
perror(“fb1VirtualAddress mapping for absolute memory access failed.\n”);
return -2;
}
handle->fb2PhysicalAddress = (unsigned int*)fb2Addr;
handle->fb2VirtualAddress = (unsigned int*)mmap(NULL, handle->fbLength, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED, handle->vdmaHandler, (off_t)fb2Addr);
qDebug() << handle->fb2PhysicalAddress;
qDebug() << handle->fb2VirtualAddress;
if(handle->fb2VirtualAddress == MAP_FAILED) {
perror(“fb2VirtualAddress mapping for absolute memory access failed.\n”);
return -3;
}
handle->fb3PhysicalAddress = (unsigned int*)fb3Addr;
handle->fb3VirtualAddress = (unsigned int*)mmap(NULL, handle->fbLength, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED, handle->vdmaHandler, (off_t)fb3Addr);
qDebug() << handle->fb3PhysicalAddress;
qDebug() << handle->fb3VirtualAddress;
if(handle->fb3VirtualAddress == MAP_FAILED)
{
perror(“fb3VirtualAddress mapping for absolute memory access failed.\n”);
return -3;
}
memset(handle->fb1VirtualAddress, 255, handle->widthhandle->heighthandle->pixelLength);
memset(handle->fb2VirtualAddress, 255, handle->widthhandle->heighthandle->pixelLength);
memset(handle->fb3VirtualAddress, 255, handle->widthhandle->heighthandle->pixelLength);
return 0;
}

void vdma_halt(vdma_handle *handle) {
vdma_set(handle, OFFSET_VDMA_S2MM_CONTROL_REGISTER, VDMA_CONTROL_REGISTER_RESET);
vdma_set(handle, OFFSET_VDMA_MM2S_CONTROL_REGISTER, VDMA_CONTROL_REGISTER_RESET);
munmap((void *)handle->vdmaVirtualAddress, 65535);
munmap((void *)handle->fb1VirtualAddress, handle->fbLength);
munmap((void *)handle->fb2VirtualAddress, handle->fbLength);
munmap((void *)handle->fb3VirtualAddress, handle->fbLength);
close(handle->vdmaHandler);
}

unsigned int vdma_get(vdma_handle *handle, int num) {
return handle->vdmaVirtualAddress[num>>2];
}

void vdma_set(vdma_handle *handle, int num, unsigned int val) {
handle->vdmaVirtualAddress[num>>2]=val;
}

void vdma_status_dump(int status) {
if (status & VDMA_STATUS_REGISTER_HALTED) printf(" halted"); else printf(“running”);
if (status & VDMA_STATUS_REGISTER_VDMAInternalError) printf(" vdma-internal-error");
if (status & VDMA_STATUS_REGISTER_VDMASlaveError) printf(" vdma-slave-error");
if (status & VDMA_STATUS_REGISTER_VDMADecodeError) printf(" vdma-decode-error");
if (status & VDMA_STATUS_REGISTER_StartOfFrameEarlyError) printf(" start-of-frame-early-error");
if (status & VDMA_STATUS_REGISTER_EndOfLineEarlyError) printf(" end-of-line-early-error");
if (status & VDMA_STATUS_REGISTER_StartOfFrameLateError) printf(" start-of-frame-late-error");
if (status & VDMA_STATUS_REGISTER_FrameCountInterrupt) printf(" frame-count-interrupt");
if (status & VDMA_STATUS_REGISTER_DelayCountInterrupt) printf(" delay-count-interrupt");
if (status & VDMA_STATUS_REGISTER_ErrorInterrupt) printf(" error-interrupt");
if (status & VDMA_STATUS_REGISTER_EndOfLineLateError) printf(" end-of-line-late-error");
printf(" frame-count:%d", (status & VDMA_STATUS_REGISTER_FrameCount) >> 16);
printf(" delay-count:%d", (status & VDMA_STATUS_REGISTER_DelayCount) >> 24);
printf("\n");
}

void vdma_s2mm_status_dump(vdma_handle *handle) {
int status = vdma_get(handle, OFFSET_VDMA_S2MM_STATUS_REGISTER);
printf(“S2MM status register (%08x):”, status);
vdma_status_dump(status);
}

void vdma_mm2s_status_dump(vdma_handle *handle) {
int status = vdma_get(handle, OFFSET_VDMA_MM2S_STATUS_REGISTER);
printf(“MM2S status register (%08x):”, status);
vdma_status_dump(status);
}

void vdma_start_triple_buffering(vdma_handle handle) {
// Reset VDMA
vdma_set(handle, OFFSET_VDMA_S2MM_CONTROL_REGISTER, VDMA_CONTROL_REGISTER_RESET);
vdma_set(handle, OFFSET_VDMA_MM2S_CONTROL_REGISTER, VDMA_CONTROL_REGISTER_RESET);
// Wait for reset to finish
while((vdma_get(handle, OFFSET_VDMA_S2MM_CONTROL_REGISTER) & VDMA_CONTROL_REGISTER_RESET)==4);
while((vdma_get(handle, OFFSET_VDMA_MM2S_CONTROL_REGISTER) & VDMA_CONTROL_REGISTER_RESET)==4);
// Clear all error bits in status register
vdma_set(handle, OFFSET_VDMA_S2MM_STATUS_REGISTER, 0);
vdma_set(handle, OFFSET_VDMA_MM2S_STATUS_REGISTER, 0);
// Do not mask interrupts
vdma_set(handle, OFFSET_VDMA_S2MM_IRQ_MASK, 0xf);
int interrupt_frame_count = 3;
// Start both S2MM and MM2S in triple buffering mode
vdma_set(handle, OFFSET_VDMA_S2MM_CONTROL_REGISTER,
(interrupt_frame_count << 16) |
VDMA_CONTROL_REGISTER_START |
VDMA_CONTROL_REGISTER_GENLOCK_ENABLE |
VDMA_CONTROL_REGISTER_INTERNAL_GENLOCK |
VDMA_CONTROL_REGISTER_CIRCULAR_PARK);
vdma_set(handle, OFFSET_VDMA_MM2S_CONTROL_REGISTER,
(interrupt_frame_count << 16) |
VDMA_CONTROL_REGISTER_START |
VDMA_CONTROL_REGISTER_GENLOCK_ENABLE |
VDMA_CONTROL_REGISTER_INTERNAL_GENLOCK |
VDMA_CONTROL_REGISTER_CIRCULAR_PARK);
while((vdma_get(handle, 0x30)&1)==0 || (vdma_get(handle, 0x34)&1)==1) {
printf(“Waiting for VDMA to start running…\n”);
sleep(1);
}
// Extra register index, use first 16 frame pointer registers
vdma_set(handle, OFFSET_VDMA_S2MM_REG_INDEX, 0);
// Write physical addresses to control register
vdma_set(handle, OFFSET_VDMA_S2MM_FRAMEBUFFER1, (off64_t)handle->fb1PhysicalAddress);
vdma_set(handle, OFFSET_VDMA_S2MM_FRAMEBUFFER2, (off64_t)handle->fb1PhysicalAddress);
vdma_set(handle, OFFSET_VDMA_S2MM_FRAMEBUFFER3, (off64_t)handle->fb1PhysicalAddress);
vdma_set(handle, OFFSET_VDMA_MM2S_FRAMEBUFFER1, (off64_t)handle->fb2PhysicalAddress);
vdma_set(handle, OFFSET_VDMA_MM2S_FRAMEBUFFER2, (off64_t)handle->fb2PhysicalAddress);
vdma_set(handle, OFFSET_VDMA_MM2S_FRAMEBUFFER3, (off64_t)handle->fb2PhysicalAddress);
// Write Park pointer register
vdma_set(handle, OFFSET_PARK_PTR_REG, 0);
// Frame delay and stride (bytes)
vdma_set(handle, OFFSET_VDMA_S2MM_FRMDLY_STRIDE, handle->width
handle->pixelLength);
vdma_set(handle, OFFSET_VDMA_MM2S_FRMDLY_STRIDE, handle->widthhandle->pixelLength);
// Write horizontal size (bytes)
vdma_set(handle, OFFSET_VDMA_S2MM_HSIZE, handle->width
handle->pixelLength);
vdma_set(handle, OFFSET_VDMA_MM2S_HSIZE, handle->width*handle->pixelLength);
// Write vertical size (lines), this actually starts the transfer
vdma_set(handle, OFFSET_VDMA_S2MM_VSIZE, handle->height);
vdma_set(handle, OFFSET_VDMA_MM2S_VSIZE, handle->height);
}

int vdma_running(vdma_handle *handle) {
// Check whether VDMA is running, that is ready to start transfers
return (vdma_get(handle, 0x34)&1)==1;
}

int vdma_idle(vdma_handle *handle) {
// Check whtether VDMA is transferring
return (vdma_get(handle, OFFSET_VDMA_S2MM_STATUS_REGISTER) & VDMA_STATUS_REGISTER_FrameCountInterrupt)!=0;
}

vdma.h

#ifndef VDMA_H
#define VDMA_H

#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <pthread.h>

/* Register offsets */
#define OFFSET_PARK_PTR_REG 0x28
#define OFFSET_VERSION 0x2c

#define OFFSET_VDMA_MM2S_CONTROL_REGISTER 0x00
#define OFFSET_VDMA_MM2S_STATUS_REGISTER 0x04
#define OFFSET_VDMA_MM2S_VSIZE 0x50
#define OFFSET_VDMA_MM2S_HSIZE 0x54
#define OFFSET_VDMA_MM2S_FRMDLY_STRIDE 0x58
#define OFFSET_VDMA_MM2S_FRAMEBUFFER1 0x5c
#define OFFSET_VDMA_MM2S_FRAMEBUFFER2 0x60
#define OFFSET_VDMA_MM2S_FRAMEBUFFER3 0x64
#define OFFSET_VDMA_MM2S_FRAMEBUFFER4 0x68

#define OFFSET_VDMA_S2MM_CONTROL_REGISTER 0x30
#define OFFSET_VDMA_S2MM_STATUS_REGISTER 0x34
#define OFFSET_VDMA_S2MM_IRQ_MASK 0x3c
#define OFFSET_VDMA_S2MM_REG_INDEX 0x44
#define OFFSET_VDMA_S2MM_VSIZE 0xa0
#define OFFSET_VDMA_S2MM_HSIZE 0xa4
#define OFFSET_VDMA_S2MM_FRMDLY_STRIDE 0xa8
#define OFFSET_VDMA_S2MM_FRAMEBUFFER1 0xac
#define OFFSET_VDMA_S2MM_FRAMEBUFFER2 0xb0
#define OFFSET_VDMA_S2MM_FRAMEBUFFER3 0xb4
#define OFFSET_VDMA_S2MM_FRAMEBUFFER4 0xb8

/* S2MM and MM2S control register flags */
#define VDMA_CONTROL_REGISTER_START 0x00000001
#define VDMA_CONTROL_REGISTER_CIRCULAR_PARK 0x00000002
#define VDMA_CONTROL_REGISTER_RESET 0x00000004
#define VDMA_CONTROL_REGISTER_GENLOCK_ENABLE 0x00000008
#define VDMA_CONTROL_REGISTER_FrameCntEn 0x00000010
#define VDMA_CONTROL_REGISTER_INTERNAL_GENLOCK 0x00000080
#define VDMA_CONTROL_REGISTER_WrPntr 0x00000f00
#define VDMA_CONTROL_REGISTER_FrmCtn_IrqEn 0x00001000
#define VDMA_CONTROL_REGISTER_DlyCnt_IrqEn 0x00002000
#define VDMA_CONTROL_REGISTER_ERR_IrqEn 0x00004000
#define VDMA_CONTROL_REGISTER_Repeat_En 0x00008000
#define VDMA_CONTROL_REGISTER_InterruptFrameCount 0x00ff0000
#define VDMA_CONTROL_REGISTER_IRQDelayCount 0xff000000

/* S2MM status register */
#define VDMA_STATUS_REGISTER_HALTED 0x00000001 // Read-only
#define VDMA_STATUS_REGISTER_VDMAInternalError 0x00000010 // Read or write-clear
#define VDMA_STATUS_REGISTER_VDMASlaveError 0x00000020 // Read-only
#define VDMA_STATUS_REGISTER_VDMADecodeError 0x00000040 // Read-only
#define VDMA_STATUS_REGISTER_StartOfFrameEarlyError 0x00000080 // Read-only
#define VDMA_STATUS_REGISTER_EndOfLineEarlyError 0x00000100 // Read-only
#define VDMA_STATUS_REGISTER_StartOfFrameLateError 0x00000800 // Read-only
#define VDMA_STATUS_REGISTER_FrameCountInterrupt 0x00001000 // Read-only
#define VDMA_STATUS_REGISTER_DelayCountInterrupt 0x00002000 // Read-only
#define VDMA_STATUS_REGISTER_ErrorInterrupt 0x00004000 // Read-only
#define VDMA_STATUS_REGISTER_EndOfLineLateError 0x00008000 // Read-only
#define VDMA_STATUS_REGISTER_FrameCount 0x00ff0000 // Read-only
#define VDMA_STATUS_REGISTER_DelayCount 0xff000000 // Read-only

typedef struct {
unsigned int baseAddr;
int vdmaHandler;
int width;
int height;
int pixelLength;
int fbLength;
unsigned int* vdmaVirtualAddress;
unsigned int* fb1VirtualAddress;
unsigned int* fb1PhysicalAddress;
unsigned int* fb2VirtualAddress;
unsigned int* fb2PhysicalAddress;
unsigned int* fb3VirtualAddress;
unsigned int* fb3PhysicalAddress;
pthread_mutex_t lock;
} vdma_handle;

int vdma_setup(vdma_handle *handle, unsigned int baseAddr, int width, int height, int pixelLength, unsigned int fb1Addr, unsigned int fb2Addr, unsigned int fb3Addr);
void vdma_halt(vdma_handle *handle);
unsigned int vdma_get(vdma_handle *handle, int num);
void vdma_set(vdma_handle *handle, int num, unsigned int val);
void vdma_status_dump(int status);
void vdma_s2mm_status_dump(vdma_handle *handle);
void vdma_mm2s_status_dump(vdma_handle *handle);
void vdma_start_triple_buffering(vdma_handle *handle);
int vdma_running(vdma_handle *handle);
int vdma_idle(vdma_handle *handle);

#endif // VDMA_H

8,cp u3_d8 to u disk
9,power on the board,we can see

reserved memory:created DMA memory pool at 0x0000000050000000,size 256MiB

10,cat /proc/iomem
50000000-5ffffffff we can not see the space,it means we do right.
11,yes,it work well.
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12,it is so hard for me do write in english,my linux system is english.fuck!

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