I am the author of spring cloud gateway. Zuul is built on servlet 2.5 (works with 3.x), using blocking APIs. It doesn't support any long lived connections, like websockets.
Gateway is built on Spring Framework 5, Project Reactor and Spring Boot 2 using non-blocking APIs. Websockets are supported and it's a much better developer experience since it's tightly integrated with Spring.
difference between gateway and zuul