海飞丝头发学习笔记1

unity computer shader基础。

#include "Platforms.cginc"
//这个是kernel的名字
#pragma kernel CSMatrixCopyPaster

//这是两个可以读写的buffer,一般由c#进行赋值
RWStructuredBuffer<float4x4> matricesFrom;
RWStructuredBuffer<float4x4> matricesTo;

uint matricesFromLength;
//numthreads是一种三维结构,如果你要算矩阵加法,那么定义一个4,4,1的结构可以自动匹配矩阵,加快计算。当然你也可以直接定义16,1,1的结构,那么就需要计算行列索引,多一步开销
[numthreads(THREADS,1,1)]
void CSMatrixCopyPaster (uint3 id : SV_DispatchThreadID)
{
//只看功能就是做了一层过滤,超过一定长度就过滤掉,这个id是在整个组内的索引,而x就是第一维,也就是如果超过这个下标就直接不要
    if(id.x >= matricesFromLength)
        return;
    
    matricesTo[id.x] = matricesFrom[id.x];
}



#include "Platforms.cginc"

#pragma kernel CSMatrixMultiplier

RWStructuredBuffer<float4x4> matrices1;
RWStructuredBuffer<float4x4> matrices2;

RWStructuredBuffer<float4x4> resultMatrices;

uint resultMatricesLength;

[numthreads(THREADS,1,1)]
void CSMatrixMultiplier (uint3 id : SV_DispatchThreadID)
{
    if(id.x >= resultMatricesLength)
        return;

    resultMatrices[id.x] = mul(matrices1[id.x], matrices2[id.x]);
}


#include "Platforms.cginc"

#pragma kernel CSMatrixPointMultiplier

RWStructuredBuffer<float4x4> matrices;

RWStructuredBuffer<float3> inPoints;
RWStructuredBuffer<float3> outPoints;

uint matricesLength;

[numthreads(THREADS,1,1)]
void CSMatrixPointMultiplier (uint3 id : SV_DispatchThreadID)
{
    if(id.x >= matricesLength)
        return;

    outPoints[id.x] = mul(matrices[id.x], float4(inPoints[id.x], 1));
}
#include "Platforms.cginc"

#pragma kernel CSMatrixSelector
#pragma kernel CSPointsSelector

RWStructuredBuffer<uint> indices;

RWStructuredBuffer<float4x4> matrices;
RWStructuredBuffer<float4x4> selectedMatrices;

uint indicesLength;
//这里定义了两个kernel,第一个是从矩阵里面索引第几行或列,第二个是从坐标中获取第几个
[numthreads(THREADS,1,1)]
void CSMatrixSelector (uint3 id : SV_DispatchThreadID)
{
    if(id.x >= indicesLength)
        return;

    selectedMatrices[id.x] = matrices[indices[id.x]];
}

RWStructuredBuffer<float3> points;
RWStructuredBuffer<float3> selectedPoints;


[numthreads(THREADS,1,1)]
void CSPointsSelector (uint3 id : SV_DispatchThreadID)
{
    if(id.x >= indicesLength)
        return;

    selectedPoints[id.x] = points[indices[id.x]];
}
//这是kernel的基础框架
public class KernelBase : IPass
    {
        public bool IsEnabled { get; set; }

        protected readonly int KernelId;

        protected ComputeShader Shader { get; private set; }

    //构造函数是shader的路径以及kernel的名字
        public KernelBase(string shaderPath, string kernelName)
        {
            Shader = Resources.Load<ComputeShader>(shaderPath);
            Assert.IsNotNull(Shader, "Can't load shader");

            KernelId = Shader.FindKernel(kernelName);
            IsEnabled = true;
        }

//Dispatch,一个是id,其他就是xyz
        public virtual void Dispatch()
        {
            if (!IsEnabled)
                return;

            if(Props.Count == 0)
                CacheAttributes();

            BindAttributes();
            Shader.Dispatch(KernelId, GetGroupsNumX(), GetGroupsNumY(), GetGroupsNumZ());
        }

        public virtual void Dispose()
        {
        }

        public virtual int GetGroupsNumX()
        {
            return 1;
        }

        public virtual int GetGroupsNumY()
        {
            return 1;
        }

        public virtual int GetGroupsNumZ()
        {
            return 1;
        }

        #region Reflection

        protected readonly List<KeyValuePair<GpuData, object>> Props = new List<KeyValuePair<GpuData, object>>(); 

        protected virtual void CacheAttributes()
        {

            Props.Clear();
         获得这个类的全部属性,然后看属性是否定义了Attribute GpuData的标签,如果有,那么就从属性中获取这个标签
            var properties = GetType().GetProperties();

            foreach (var propertyInfo in properties)
            {
                if (!Attribute.IsDefined(propertyInfo, typeof(GpuData)))
                    continue;

                var attribute = (GpuData) Attribute.GetCustomAttribute(propertyInfo, typeof(GpuData));
                var obj = propertyInfo.GetValue(this, null);
                Props.Add(new KeyValuePair<GpuData, object>(attribute, obj));
            }
        }

        protected void BindAttributes()
        {
            for (var i = 0; i < Props.Count; i++)
            {
                var attribute = Props[i].Key;
                var obj = Props[i].Value;

                if (obj is IBufferWrapper)
                {
                    var buffer = ((IBufferWrapper) obj).ComputeBuffer;
                    Shader.SetBuffer(KernelId, attribute.Name, buffer);
                    Shader.SetInt(attribute.Name + "Length", buffer.count);
                }
                else if (obj is Texture)
                    Shader.SetTexture(KernelId, attribute.Name, (Texture) obj);
                else if (obj is GpuValue<int>)
                    Shader.SetInt(attribute.Name, ((GpuValue<int>)obj).Value);
                else if (obj  is GpuValue<float>)
                    Shader.SetFloat(attribute.Name, ((GpuValue<float>)obj).Value);
                else if (obj is GpuValue<Vector3>)
                    Shader.SetVector(attribute.Name, ((GpuValue<Vector3>)obj).Value);
                else if (obj is GpuValue<Color>)
                    Shader.SetVector(attribute.Name, ((GpuValue<Color>)obj).Value.ToVector());
                else if (obj is GpuValue<bool>)
                    Shader.SetBool(attribute.Name, ((GpuValue<bool>)obj).Value);
                else if (obj is GpuValue<GpuMatrix4x4>)
                    Shader.SetFloats(attribute.Name, ((GpuValue<GpuMatrix4x4>) obj).Value.Values);
            }
        }

KernelBase获取了所有定义了GpuData属性的变量,并且根据具体变量的类型,会将对应的值传给comptershader里的变量。

 

 

public class PrimitiveBase : IPass
    {
        private readonly List<IPass> passes = new List<IPass>();

        protected void Bind()
        {
            CachePassAttributes();
            CacheOwnAttributes();
            BindAttributes();
        }

        public virtual void Dispatch()
        {
            for (var i = 0; i < passes.Count; i++)
                passes[i].Dispatch();
        }

        public virtual void Dispose()
        {
            for (var i = 0; i < passes.Count; i++)
                passes[i].Dispose();
        }

        public void AddPass(IPass pass)
        {
            passes.Add(pass);
        }

        public void RemovePass(IPass pass)
        {
            if (!passes.Contains(pass))
            {
                Debug.LogError("Can't find pass");
                return;
            }

            passes.Remove(pass);
        }

        #region reflection
        
        private readonly List<List<KeyValuePair<GpuData, PropertyInfo>>> passesAttributes = new List<List<KeyValuePair<GpuData, PropertyInfo>>>();
        private readonly List<KeyValuePair<GpuData, PropertyInfo>> ownAttributes = new List<KeyValuePair<GpuData, PropertyInfo>>();

        private void CachePassAttributes()
        {
            passesAttributes.Clear();

            for (var i = 0; i < passes.Count; i++)
            {
                var pass = passes[i];
                var passProperties = pass.GetType().GetProperties();

                var passAttributes = new List<KeyValuePair<GpuData, PropertyInfo>>();
                passesAttributes.Add(passAttributes);

                for (var j = 0; j < passProperties.Length; j++)
                {
                    var passProperty = passProperties[j];
                    if (!Attribute.IsDefined(passProperty, typeof(GpuData)))
                        continue;

                    var passAttribute = (GpuData)Attribute.GetCustomAttribute(passProperty, typeof(GpuData));
                    passAttributes.Add(new KeyValuePair<GpuData, PropertyInfo>(passAttribute, passProperty));
                }
            }
        }

        private void CacheOwnAttributes()
        {
            ownAttributes.Clear();

            var properties = GetType().GetProperties();

            for (var i = 0; i < properties.Length; i++)
            {
                var propertyInfo = properties[i];
                if (!Attribute.IsDefined(propertyInfo, typeof(GpuData)))
                    continue;
                var attribute = (GpuData)Attribute.GetCustomAttribute(propertyInfo, typeof(GpuData));
                ownAttributes.Add(new KeyValuePair<GpuData, PropertyInfo>(attribute, propertyInfo));
            }
        }

        protected void BindAttributes()
        {
            for (var i = 0; i < ownAttributes.Count; i++)
            {
                var ownAttribute = ownAttributes[i];

                for (var j = 0; j < passesAttributes.Count; j++)
                {
                    var passAttributes = passesAttributes[j];
                    for (var k = 0; k < passAttributes.Count; k++)
                    {
                        var passAttribute = passAttributes[k];
                        if (passAttribute.Key.Name.Equals(ownAttribute.Key.Name))
                        {
                            passAttribute.Value.SetValue(passes[j], ownAttribute.Value.GetValue(this, null), null);
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }

        #endregion
    }

PrimitiveBase管理一堆KernelBase,并且会遍历所有的属性,如果和自己的属性的名字一样,那么就会把这个属性的值设置成自己的值。具体用处还要后面看具体功能。

 public static class ComputeUtils
    {
        这个是把数组传给computerbuffer,
        public static ComputeBuffer ToComputeBuffer<T>(this T[] array, int stride,
            ComputeBufferType type = ComputeBufferType.Default)
        {
            var buffer = new ComputeBuffer(array.Length, stride, type);
            buffer.SetData(array);
            return buffer;
        }

        public static T[] ToArray<T>(this ComputeBuffer buffer)
        {
            var array = new T[buffer.count];
            buffer.GetData(array);
            return array;
        }

        public static void LogBuffer<T>(ComputeBuffer buffer)
        {
            var array = new T[buffer.count];
            buffer.GetData(array);

            for (var i = 0; i < array.Length; i++)
                Debug.Log(string.Format("i:{0} val:{1}", i, array[i]));
        }

        public static void LogLargeBuffer<T>(ComputeBuffer buffer)
        {
            var array = new T[buffer.count];
            buffer.GetData(array);

            var log = "";
            for (var i = 1; i <= array.Length; i++)
            {
                log += "|" + array[i - 1];

                if (i % 12 == 0)
                {
                    Debug.Log(string.Format("from i:{0} values:{1}", i, log));
                    log = "";
                } 
            }
        }
    }

 

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