RCWL-0516微波雷达感应开关 人体感应传感器,迷你多普勒雷达

 

00微波雷达感应开关


今天刚刚接到在TB购买的 RCWL-0516微波感应开关 模块。和前几天测试的 24G微波人体感应模块 相比,它(¥4.15)比起 24G微波人体感应模块 (¥8.8)更加的偏移。

下面对于这款模块进行初步的测试。
▲ RCWL-0516微波感应开关

▲ RCWL-0516微波感应开关

这个模块的工作原理被称为:自振混频器原理和多普勒效应

 

01模块的基本应用


1.外形和基本组件

  • 采用专用信号处理控制芯片RCWL-9196
  • 宽工作电压范围:4.0 ~ 28V
  • 与传统的红外感应PIR相比,具有穿透探测能力;
  • 封锁时间距离可调整;
  • 模块可以输出3.3V电源。

▲ RCWL-0516模块外形

▲ RCWL-0516模块外形

2.基本参数

▲ 模块的基本参数性能

▲ 模块的基本参数性能

3.输出管脚功能定义

▲ 模块的输出管脚定义

▲ 模块的输出管脚定义

▲ 外部输出管脚功能定义

▲ 外部输出管脚功能定义

  1. 3V3:模块试试3.3V电源。100mA对外部的供电能力;
  2. GND : 模块电源地;
  3. OUT:控制信号输出。当监测区域内有物体移动是,OUT输出高电平。C-TM可以设置重复出发时间。如果从出发时间内有触发信号(有物体移动),持续输出高电平。如果监测区域内没有以动物体,输出低电平。
  4. VIN:模块电源输入:4 ~ 28V
  5. CDS:触发控制信号。小于0.7V,OUT一直输出低电平。如果大于3.3V,检测正常工作。CDS管脚外接光敏电阻,可以在白天关闭模块功能。

4.使用说明

(1) C-TM

调节触时间。默认的出发时间为2s。增加电容容量会增加重复出发时间。实际计算重复出发时间可以通过如下操作确定:C-TM上贴上电容。测量9196的3管脚信号的频率 f p i n 3 f_{pin3} fpin3。那么重复出发时间T等于: T = 32768 f p i n 3 T = {{32768} \over {f_{pin3} }} T=fpin332768

(2) R-CN

调节距离。接电阻,检测距离变小。如果没有接电阻,检测距离在7M左右。接1MΩ左右德玛得是,探测距离月5M。客户可以根据实际情况进行调节。

(3) R-CDS

内部VCC通过R-CDS与内部的1M电阻并联到CDS(即RCWL-9196的PIN9)。CDS处届光敏电阻,可以完结关闭模块检测功能。可以根据实际需要环境亮度来设计中R-CDS值。

▲ 感应器的检测范围

▲ 感应器的检测范围

5.注意事项

  1. 感应正面不等有任何的金属遮挡;
  2. 感应面的前应该预留1CM以上的空间;
  3. 模块与安装载体的平面尽可能保持平行;
  4. 一定探测区域内应用有效;
  5. 模块的有元器件面为正感应面,反面为负感应面。负感应面的效果较差;
  6. 微博模块不能够在一个区域内大规模应用。会出现相互的干扰。单个个体之间的距离;该大于1M以上。
  7. U1除了PIN8以外,其余的管脚与B1SS0001兼容。功能也兼容。

 

02初步测试


1.静态测试

  • 供电+5V:工作电流大约2 ~ 3 mA。

2.各管脚电压

3V3GNDOUTVINCDS
3.3V0V3.3V5V3.0V

3.测试对于运动物体感应

在模块前方运动手掌,上下运动或者前后运动,都可以引起模块的输出。手掌距离模块大约50厘米左右。

▲ 测试对于手掌运动的感应

▲ 测试对于手掌运动的感应

在模块前方的一定区域,人体的运动均可以引起模块的输出感应信号。

 

03原理分析


1.原理图

下图给出了来自于 RCWL-0516原理图 给出的模块的原理图。这是由澳大利亚墨尔本的的 Roger Clark (自由作家、咨询师和开发工程师)给出的一些分析资料。

▲ Roger Clark

▲ Roger Clark

在上述原理图中,提到RCWL-9196除了PIN8之外,其余的各项功能都与 BISS0001 (专门用于PIR:人体热释电红外传感器检测)IC。

微波核心是以微波晶体管 MMBR941LT1 组成的电容三点振荡为核心的。但是该电路如何完成对微波反射(多普勒)信号的检测的基本原理尚不太清楚。

2.在GITHUB上的资料

JdesbonetGITHUB上关于给出了RCWL-0516资料 。并对该模块的基本原理进行的解释。相关的实验也验证了模块的部分性能。

关于RCWL-0516的工作频率,Jdesbonnet通过HackRF One SDR Radio检测到3.181GHz的载波。并显示了传感器前挥动手引起载频的变化。

▲ 在模块前挥动手所引起的载频频谱的变化

▲ 在模块前挥动手所引起的载频频谱的变化

下面是相关的原理图:

对于后期低频信号处理采用了RWCL-9196芯片。其内部的功能框图为:

▲ RCWL-9196内部功能图

▲ RCWL-9196内部功能图

 

04进一步信号测量


通过03-2中GITHUB上的关于RCWL-9196内部的功能描述,可以看到在RCWL-9196的PIN16输出了对于微波检测信号的放大信号。

1.直接测试PIN16信号

使用示波器探头可以测量到这个变化的信号。

▲ 在RCWL-9196PIN16管脚测量变化的信号

▲ 在RCWL-9196PIN16管脚测量变化的信号

2.测量滑轨上运动单面覆铜板

使用在博文 蜗杆单轨滑轨的驱动的统一接口 提到的单轨滑轨带动一块 单面覆铜板 与RCWL-0516模块相向运动。

由滑轨带动的覆铜板运动,引起RCWL-9196的PIN16管脚的电压上下波动。

▲ 运动的单面覆铜板引起电压上下波动

▲ 运动的单面覆铜板引起电压上下波动

3.舵机带动敷铜板摆动

使用舵机带动覆铜板进行前后摆动,测量RCWL-9196的PIN16管脚的输出波形如下。

▲ 覆铜板在舵机带动下前后摆动

▲ 覆铜板在舵机带动下前后摆动

 

05采集波形分析


使用DS6104数字示波器采集RCWL-9196的PIN16波形进行分析。下图使用采集模式为High Resolution模式,获得的采集到的电压波形。

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▲ 舵机带动覆铜板前后摆动

▲ 舵机带动覆铜板前后摆动

▲ 舵机带动覆铜板前后摆动

▲ 舵机带动覆铜板前后摆动

 

※ 结论


通过对于购买到的RCWL-0516微波感应开关电路进行初步分析,根据网站一些资料,可以基本获得该模块的工作特性以及内部工作信号。

通过对RCWL-9196的管脚16信号的测量,可以获得微波信号进一步的包含运动物体丰富信息的信号。关于这方面的进一步应用,可以今后展开。

 
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