centos下重装yum的踩坑之旅

闲来无事,一不小心,卸载了python,发现yum也就挂了。
干脆一不做二不休,把他们都卸载干净,重头装过,可是死活没法装成功。
一直卡着我的奔溃问题如下:

[root@izuf6eu0p527rbj9f5lqnhz tmp]# yum
There was a problem importing one of the Python modules
required to run yum. The error leading to this problem was:

   /usr/lib64/python2.7/site-packages/rpm/_rpm.so: undefined symbol: rpmpkgVerifySigs

Please install a package which provides this module, or
verify that the module is installed correctly.

It's possible that the above module doesn't match the
current version of Python, which is:
2.7.5 (default, Apr  2 2020, 13:16:51)
[GCC 4.8.5 20150623 (Red Hat 4.8.5-39)]

If you cannot solve this problem yourself, please go to
the yum faq at:
  http://yum.baseurl.org/wiki/Faq

折腾半天,google、百度大半天,都没成功解决,最后看到一篇博客提到是rpm包没有全部下载完的问题。然后,反反复复多次尝试,终于,最后一次被我折腾成功了,那个累啊。
这儿记录下,重装yum和python,需要下载的rpm包和一些操作步骤,下次少踩点坑。


rpm常用参数

-i: --install,安装包
-U: --update,更新包
-e: --erase,删除包


卸载python

rpm -qa| grep python| xargs rpm -ev --allmatches --nodeps

whereis python |xargs rm -frv

卸载yum

rpm -qa|grep yum|xargs rpm -ev --allmatches --nodeps

whereis yum |xargs rm -frv

下载rpm包

我这里通过163的镜像仓库下载,注意需要根据自己的系统大版本号去下载对应的rpm包。仓库地址
查看系统版本可以用下面的命令

[root@izuf6eu0p527rbj9f5lqnhz tmp]# cat /etc/redhat-release
CentOS Linux release 7.3.1611 (Core)
wget http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/libxml2-python-2.9.1-6.el7_2.3.x86_64.rpm
wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/libxml2-python-2.9.1-6.el7.4.x86_64.rpm
wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/rpm-4.11.3-43.el7.x86_64.rpm
wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/rpm-build-4.11.3-43.el7.x86_64.rpm
wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/rpm-build-libs-4.11.3-43.el7.x86_64.rpm
wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/rpm-libs-4.11.3-43.el7.x86_64.rpm
wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/rpm-sign-4.11.3-43.el7.x86_64.rpm
wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/rpm-python-4.11.3-43.el7.x86_64.rpm
wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/python-2.7.5-88.el7.x86_64.rpm
wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/dbus-python-devel-1.1.1-9.el7.x86_64.rpm
wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/python-libs-2.7.5-88.el7.x86_64.rpm
wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/python-pycurl-7.19.0-19.el7.x86_64.rpm
wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/python-setuptools-0.9.8-7.el7.noarch.rpm
wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/python-urlgrabber-3.10-10.el7.noarch.rpm
wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/python-iniparse-0.4-9.el7.noarch.rpm
wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/python-backports-1.0-8.el7.x86_64.rpm
wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/python-backports-ssl_match_hostname-3.5.0.1-1.el7.noarch.rpm
wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/python-chardet-2.2.1-3.el7.noarch.r
wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/python-ipaddress-1.0.16-2.el7.noarch.rpm
wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/python-kitchen-1.1.1-5.el7.noarch.rpm
wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/python-virtualenv-15.1.0-2.el7.noarch.rpm
wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-3.4.3-167.el7.centos.noarch.rpm
wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-metadata-parser-1.1.4-10.el7.x86_64.rpm
wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-utils-1.1.31-53.el7.noarch.rpm
wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.31-53.el7.noarch.rpm
wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-plugin-protectbase-1.1.31-53.el7.noarch.rpm
wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-plugin-aliases-1.1.31-53.el7.noarch.rpm

安装更新rpm包

rpm -Uvh --force --nodeps --replacepkgs *.rpm

检查

输入python和yum命令进行测试,没有异常,安装完成。
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