Pytorch源码学习之五:torchvision.models.densenet

0. 基本知识

DenseNet论文地址
DenseNet加强了每个Dense Block内部的连接,每层输出与之前所有层进行concat连接,使用三个Dense Block的网络示意图如下:
在这里插入图片描述
每个Block之间使用Transition(BN+ReLU+Conv+AvePool),最后使用全连接层作为分类器.
torchvision实现的DenseNet网络结构同论文,如下:
在这里插入图片描述

1.torchvision源码

以下为torchvision实现的DenseNet的源码,具体源码可见
torchvision.models.densenet

import re
import torch
import torch.nn as nn
import torch.nn.functional as F
from torch.hub import load_state_dict_from_url
from collections import OrderedDict

__all__ = ['DenseNet', 'densenet121', 'densenet169', 'densenet201', 'densent161']

model_urls = {
    'densenet121': 'https://download.pytorch.org/models/densenet121-a639ec97.pth',
    'densenet169': 'https://download.pytorch.org/models/densenet169-b2777c0a.pth',
    'densenet201': 'https://download.pytorch.org/models/densenet201-c1103571.pth',
    'densenet161': 'https://download.pytorch.org/models/densenet161-8d451a50.pth',
}

class _DenseLayer(nn.Sequential):
    def __int__(self, num_input_features, growth_rate, bn_size, drop_rate):
        super(_DenseLayer, self).__init__()
        self.add_module('norm1', nn.BatchNorm2d(num_input_features)), #BN
        self.add_module('relu1', nn.ReLU(inplace=True)), #ReLU
        self.add_module('conv1', nn.Conv2d(num_input_features, bn_size * growth_rate,
                                           kernel_size=1, stride=1, bias=False)), #1x1 conv
        self.add_module('norm2', nn.BatchNorm2d(bn_size * growth_rate)), #BN
        self.add_module('relu2', nn.ReLU(inplace=True)), #ReLU
        self.add_module('conv2', nn.Conv2d(bn_size * growth_rate, growth_rate,
                                           kernel_size=3, stride=1, padding=1, bias=False)), #3x3 conv
        self.drop_rate = drop_rate

    def forward(self, x):
        new_features = super(_DenseLayer, self).forward(x)
        if self.drop_rate > 0:
            new_features = F.dropout(new_features, p=self.drop_rate, training=self.training )
        return torch.cat([x, new_features], 1) #x已经包含了之前cat的channel,仅需将最新的channel进行cat

class _DenseBlock(nn.Sequential):
    def __init__(self, num_layers, num_inputs_features, bn_size, growth_rate, drop_rate):
        super(_DenseLayer, self).__init__()
        for i in range(num_layers):
            layer = _DenseLayer(num_inputs_features + i * growth_rate, growth_rate,
                                bn_size, drop_rate) #该block中第i层的channel数为num_inputs_features + i * growth_rate
            self.add_module('denselayer%d' % (i + 1), layer) #每次累加growth_rate个channel数

class _Transition(nn.Sequential):
    def __init__(self, num_input_features, num_output_features):
        super(_Transition, self).__init__()
        self.add_module('norm', nn.BatchNorm2d(num_input_features)) #BN
        self.add_module('relu', nn.ReLU(inplace=True)) #ReLU
        self.add_module('conv', nn.Conv2d(num_input_features, num_output_features,
                                          kernel_size=1, stride=1, bias=False)) #1x1 conv
        self.add_module('pool', nn.AvgPool2d(kernel_size=2, stride=2)) # 2x2 average pool, stride 2

class DenseNet(nn.Module):

    def __init__(self, growth_rate=32, block_config=(6, 12, 24, 16),
                 num_init_features=64, bn_size=4, drop_rate=0, num_classes=1000):

        super(DenseNet, self).__init__()

        self.features = nn.Sequential(OrderedDict([
            ('conv0', nn.Conv2d(3, num_init_features, kernel_size=7, stride=2,
                                padding=3, bias=False)), #7x7 conv stride=2
            ('norm0', nn.BatchNorm2d(num_init_features)), #BN
            ('relu0', nn.ReLU(inplace=True)), #ReLU
            ('pool0', nn.MaxPool2d(kernel_size=3, stride=2, padding=1)), #3x3 maxpool, stride=2
        ]))

        num_features = num_init_features
        for i, num_layers in enumerate(block_config):
            block = _DenseBlock(num_layers=num_layers, num_inputs_features=num_features,
                                bn_size=bn_size, growth_rate=growth_rate, drop_rate=drop_rate)#Dense Block (1-4)
            self.features.add_module('denseblock%d' % (i+1), block)
            num_features = num_features + num_layers * growth_rate  #每个block增加num_layers * growth_rate层
            if i != len(block_config) - 1: #非最后一个block,要加上Transition Layer
                trans = _Transition(num_input_features=num_features,
                                    num_output_features=num_features // 2)
                self.features.add_module('transition%d' % (i + 1), trans)
                num_features = num_features // 2 #Transition Layer层输出channel为输入的1/2

        self.features.add_module('norm5', nn.BatchNorm2d(num_features)) #BN
        self.classifier = nn.Linear(num_features, num_classes) #全连接层分类器

        for m in self.modules():
            if isinstance(m, nn.Conv2d):
                nn.init.kaiming_normal_(m.weight)
            elif isinstance(m, nn.BatchNorm2d):
                nn.init.constant_(m.weight, 1)
                nn.init.constant_(m.bias, 0)
            elif isinstance(m, nn.Linear):
                nn.init.constant_(m.bias, 0)

    def forward(self, x):
        features = self.features(x)
        out = F.relu(features, inplace=True)
        out = F.adaptive_avg_pool2d(out, (1,1)).view(features.size(0), -1) #全连接层之前的 global average pool
        out = self.classifier(out)
        return out

def _load_state_dict(model, model_url, progress):
    pattern = re.compile(
        r'^(.*denselayer\d+\.(?:norm|relu|conv))\.((?:[12])\.(?:weight|bias|running_mean|running_var))$')
    state_dict = load_state_dict_from_url(model_urls, progress=progress)
    for key in list(state_dict.keys()):
        res = pattern.match(key)
        if res:
            new_key = res.group(1) + res.group(2)
            state_dict[new_key] = state_dict[key]
            del state_dict[key]
    model.load_state_dict(state_dict)

def _densenet(arch, growth_rate, block_config, num_init_features, pretrained, progress, **kwargs):
    model = DenseNet(growth_rate, block_config, num_init_features, **kwargs)
    if pretrained:
        _load_state_dict(model, model_urls[arch], progress)
    return model

def densenet121(pretrained=False, progress=True, **kwargs):
    return _densenet('densenet121', 32, (6, 12, 24, 16), 64, pretrained, progress, **kwargs)

def densenet161(pretrained=False, progress=True, **kwargs):
    return _densenet('densenet161', 48, (6, 12, 36, 24), 96, pretrained, progress, **kwargs)

def densenet169(pretrained=False, progress=True, **kwargs):
    return _densenet('densenet169', 32, (6, 12, 32, 32), 64, pretrained, progress, **kwargs)

def densenet201(pretrained=False, progress=True, **kwargs):
    return _densenet('densenet201', 32, (6, 12, 48, 32), 64, pretrained, progress, **kwargs)

2. 一些有趣的用法

2.1 继承nn.Sequential

这里在定义_DenseLayer, _DenseBlock,_Transition时,继承nn.Sequential而非nn.Module,基本用法与nn.Module相同,需要写__init__和forward两个函数,前者用来搭建网络,后者用前向传播.

class _DenseLayer(nn.Sequential):
   def __init__(self, num_input_features, growth_rate, bn_size, drop_rate):
       super(_DenseLayer, self).__init__()
       ...
   def forward(self, x):
       new_features = super(_DenseLayer, self).forward(x) #注意这里的继承
       ...

不同之处在于搭建网络结构试,采用self.add_module(name, module)将单层添加到容器.

self.add_module('norm1', nn.BatchNorm2d(num_input_features)),
       self.add_module('relu1', nn.ReLU(inplace=True)),
       ...
       for i in range(num_layers): #通过循环自动命名
           layer = ...
           self.add_module('denselayer%d' % (i + 1), layer)

2.2 平均池化层

nn.AvgPool2d(kernel_size=2, stride=2) #平均池化
# kernel_size: the size of the window
# stride: the stride of the window
# padding: implicit zero padding to be added on both sides
# ceil_mode:True=向上取整,默认向下取整

2.3 torch.nn.functional.dropout

torch.nn.functional.dropout(input, p, training, inplace)
# p:probability of an element to be zeroed, 默认0.5
# training:是否采用dropout
# inplace: if True, will do this operation in-place,默认False

2.4 torch.nn.functional.adaptive_avg_pool2d

torch.nn.functional.adaptive_avg_pool2d(input, output_size)
out = F.adaptive_avg_pool2d(out, (1,1)).view(features.size(0), -1) #全连接层之前的 global average pool
发布了45 篇原创文章 · 获赞 19 · 访问量 2万+
展开阅读全文

没有更多推荐了,返回首页

©️2019 CSDN 皮肤主题: 创作都市 设计师: CSDN官方博客

分享到微信朋友圈

×

扫一扫,手机浏览