# Pytorch实战2：ResNet-18实现Cifar-10图像分类（测试集分类准确率95.170%）

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### Pytorch实战2：ResNet-18实现Cifar-10图像分类

#### 实验环境:

1. Pytorch 0.4.0
2. torchvision 0.2.1
3. Python 3.6
4. CUDA8+cuDNN v7 (可选)
5. Win10+Pycharm

### ResNet-18网络结构：

ResNet全名Residual Network残差网络。Kaiming He 的《Deep Residual Learning for Image Recognition》获得了CVPR最佳论文。他提出的深度残差网络在2015年可以说是洗刷了图像方面的各大比赛，以绝对优势取得了多个比赛的冠军。而且它在保证网络精度的前提下，将网络的深度达到了152层，后来又进一步加到1000的深度。论文的开篇先是说明了深度网络的好处：特征等级随着网络的加深而变高，网络的表达能力也会大大提高。因此论文中提出了一个问题：是否可以通过叠加网络层数来获得一个更好的网络呢？作者经过实验发现，单纯的把网络叠起来的深层网络的效果反而不如合适层数的较浅的网络效果。因此何恺明等人在普通平原网络的基础上增加了一个shortcut， 构成一个residual block。此时拟合目标就变为F(x)，F(x)就是残差：
!

### Pytorch上搭建ResNet-18：

'''ResNet-18 Image classfication for cifar-10 with PyTorch

Author 'Sun-qian'.

'''
import torch
import torch.nn as nn
import torch.nn.functional as F

class ResidualBlock(nn.Module):
def __init__(self, inchannel, outchannel, stride=1):
super(ResidualBlock, self).__init__()
self.left = nn.Sequential(
nn.Conv2d(inchannel, outchannel, kernel_size=3, stride=stride, padding=1, bias=False),
nn.BatchNorm2d(outchannel),
nn.ReLU(inplace=True),
nn.Conv2d(outchannel, outchannel, kernel_size=3, stride=1, padding=1, bias=False),
nn.BatchNorm2d(outchannel)
)
self.shortcut = nn.Sequential()
if stride != 1 or inchannel != outchannel:
self.shortcut = nn.Sequential(
nn.Conv2d(inchannel, outchannel, kernel_size=1, stride=stride, bias=False),
nn.BatchNorm2d(outchannel)
)

def forward(self, x):
out = self.left(x)
out += self.shortcut(x)
out = F.relu(out)
return out

class ResNet(nn.Module):
def __init__(self, ResidualBlock, num_classes=10):
super(ResNet, self).__init__()
self.inchannel = 64
self.conv1 = nn.Sequential(
nn.Conv2d(3, 64, kernel_size=3, stride=1, padding=1, bias=False),
nn.BatchNorm2d(64),
nn.ReLU(),
)
self.layer1 = self.make_layer(ResidualBlock, 64,  2, stride=1)
self.layer2 = self.make_layer(ResidualBlock, 128, 2, stride=2)
self.layer3 = self.make_layer(ResidualBlock, 256, 2, stride=2)
self.layer4 = self.make_layer(ResidualBlock, 512, 2, stride=2)
self.fc = nn.Linear(512, num_classes)

def make_layer(self, block, channels, num_blocks, stride):
strides = [stride] + [1] * (num_blocks - 1)   #strides=[1,1]
layers = []
for stride in strides:
layers.append(block(self.inchannel, channels, stride))
self.inchannel = channels
return nn.Sequential(*layers)

def forward(self, x):
out = self.conv1(x)
out = self.layer1(out)
out = self.layer2(out)
out = self.layer3(out)
out = self.layer4(out)
out = F.avg_pool2d(out, 4)
out = out.view(out.size(0), -1)
out = self.fc(out)
return out

def ResNet18():

return ResNet(ResidualBlock)


### Pytorch上训练：

import torch
import torch.nn as nn
import torch.optim as optim
import torchvision
import torchvision.transforms as transforms
import argparse
from resnet import ResNet18
import os

# 定义是否使用GPU
device = torch.device("cuda" if torch.cuda.is_available() else "cpu")

# 参数设置,使得我们能够手动输入命令行参数，就是让风格变得和Linux命令行差不多
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description='PyTorch CIFAR10 Training')
parser.add_argument('--outf', default='./model/', help='folder to output images and model checkpoints') #输出结果保存路径
args = parser.parse_args()

# 超参数设置
EPOCH = 135   #遍历数据集次数
pre_epoch = 0  # 定义已经遍历数据集的次数
BATCH_SIZE = 128      #批处理尺寸(batch_size)
LR = 0.01        #学习率

# 准备数据集并预处理
transform_train = transforms.Compose([
transforms.RandomHorizontalFlip(),  #图像一半的概率翻转，一半的概率不翻转
transforms.ToTensor(),
transforms.Normalize((0.4914, 0.4822, 0.4465), (0.2023, 0.1994, 0.2010)), #R,G,B每层的归一化用到的均值和方差
])

transform_test = transforms.Compose([
transforms.ToTensor(),
transforms.Normalize((0.4914, 0.4822, 0.4465), (0.2023, 0.1994, 0.2010)),
])

# Cifar-10的标签
classes = ('plane', 'car', 'bird', 'cat', 'deer', 'dog', 'frog', 'horse', 'ship', 'truck')

# 模型定义-ResNet
net = ResNet18().to(device)

# 定义损失函数和优化方式
criterion = nn.CrossEntropyLoss()  #损失函数为交叉熵，多用于多分类问题
optimizer = optim.SGD(net.parameters(), lr=LR, momentum=0.9, weight_decay=5e-4) #优化方式为mini-batch momentum-SGD，并采用L2正则化（权重衰减）

# 训练
if __name__ == "__main__":
if not os.path.exists(args.outf):
os.makedirs(args.outf)
best_acc = 85  #2 初始化best test accuracy
print("Start Training, Resnet-18!")  # 定义遍历数据集的次数
with open("acc.txt", "w") as f:
with open("log.txt", "w")as f2:
for epoch in range(pre_epoch, EPOCH):
print('\nEpoch: %d' % (epoch + 1))
net.train()
sum_loss = 0.0
correct = 0.0
total = 0.0
for i, data in enumerate(trainloader, 0):
# 准备数据
inputs, labels = data
inputs, labels = inputs.to(device), labels.to(device)

# forward + backward
outputs = net(inputs)
loss = criterion(outputs, labels)
loss.backward()
optimizer.step()

# 每训练1个batch打印一次loss和准确率
sum_loss += loss.item()
_, predicted = torch.max(outputs.data, 1)
total += labels.size(0)
correct += predicted.eq(labels.data).cpu().sum()
print('[epoch:%d, iter:%d] Loss: %.03f | Acc: %.3f%% '
% (epoch + 1, (i + 1 + epoch * length), sum_loss / (i + 1), 100. * correct / total))
f2.write('%03d  %05d |Loss: %.03f | Acc: %.3f%% '
% (epoch + 1, (i + 1 + epoch * length), sum_loss / (i + 1), 100. * correct / total))
f2.write('\n')
f2.flush()

# 每训练完一个epoch测试一下准确率
print("Waiting Test!")
correct = 0
total = 0
net.eval()
images, labels = data
images, labels = images.to(device), labels.to(device)
outputs = net(images)
# 取得分最高的那个类 (outputs.data的索引号)
_, predicted = torch.max(outputs.data, 1)
total += labels.size(0)
correct += (predicted == labels).sum()
print('测试分类准确率为：%.3f%%' % (100 * correct / total))
acc = 100. * correct / total
# 将每次测试结果实时写入acc.txt文件中
print('Saving model......')
torch.save(net.state_dict(), '%s/net_%03d.pth' % (args.outf, epoch + 1))
f.write("EPOCH=%03d,Accuracy= %.3f%%" % (epoch + 1, acc))
f.write('\n')
f.flush()
# 记录最佳测试分类准确率并写入best_acc.txt文件中
if acc > best_acc:
f3 = open("best_acc.txt", "w")
f3.write("EPOCH=%d,best_acc= %.3f%%" % (epoch + 1, acc))
f3.close()
best_acc = acc
print("Training Finished, TotalEPOCH=%d" % EPOCH)



## 实验结果：best_acc= 95.170%

（损失图是matlab画的，用保存下来的txt日志）

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