受限玻尔兹曼机RBM实现及能量值思考——matlab实现

1. 标准能量函数

  energy=energy-sum(sum(negdata*vishid.*poshidstates))-...
sum(sum(negdata.*repmat(visbiases,size(negdata,1),1)))-...
sum(sum(poshidstates.*repmat(hidbiases,size(poshidstates,1),1)));

【注】肯能还有更高效简洁的写法，只要保重RBM对应的二部图中的每一条连接线都有计算入能量函数中去就行。

Pretraining Layer 1 with RBM: 784-500
epoch 1
epoch    1 error 906233.0 energy -11099587.215172
epoch 2
epoch    2 error 557528.5 energy -30047032.045595
epoch 3
epoch    3 error 496027.4 energy -53112598.240393
epoch 4
epoch    4 error 468267.6 energy -78539687.671057
epoch 5
epoch    5 error 452678.9 energy -105299865.601975
epoch 6
epoch    6 error 478165.1 energy -129373309.014318
epoch 7
epoch    7 error 454438.2 energy -152106055.038886
epoch 8
epoch    8 error 438489.1 energy -174308595.910380
epoch 9
epoch    9 error 428747.2 energy -195910590.668272
epoch 10
epoch   10 error 421810.9 energy -217028311.853859
epoch 11
epoch   11 error 416392.9 energy -237610724.670849
epoch 12
epoch   12 error 411178.5 energy -257759919.144502
epoch 13
epoch   13 error 408115.5 energy -277438854.842965
epoch 14
epoch   14 error 405091.1 energy -296657959.425424
epoch 15
epoch   15 error 403533.2 energy -315397871.648862
epoch 16
epoch   16 error 400616.4 energy -333710720.884443
epoch 17
epoch   17 error 398482.7 energy -351563160.004860
epoch 18
epoch   18 error 396461.9 energy -369009936.125511
epoch 19
epoch   19 error 395664.3 energy -386036922.651997
epoch 20
epoch   20 error 394134.4 energy -402656725.716640
epoch 21
epoch   21 error 392316.9 energy -418988195.512326
epoch 22
epoch   22 error 391985.3 energy -435041246.765398
epoch 23
epoch   23 error 390845.3 energy -450774503.774346
epoch 24
epoch   24 error 389345.9 energy -466241495.153597
epoch 25
epoch   25 error 388229.8 energy -481430774.200754
epoch 26
epoch   26 error 387980.9 energy -496349569.785631
epoch 27
epoch   27 error 386886.4 energy -510986252.435888
epoch 28
epoch   28 error 385948.6 energy -525397051.912323
epoch 29
epoch   29 error 385386.0 energy -539599081.300994
epoch 30
epoch   30 error 385348.8 energy -553574564.640536
epoch 31
epoch   31 error 385159.7 energy -567319607.941765
epoch 32
epoch   32 error 384260.7 energy -580846734.110570
epoch 33
epoch   33 error 383174.4 energy -594214877.616236
epoch 34
epoch   34 error 382934.3 energy -607405266.358145
epoch 35
epoch   35 error 382697.1 energy -620430109.937463
epoch 36
epoch   36 error 382095.5 energy -633260002.931164
epoch 37
epoch   37 error 381486.8 energy -645950143.694427
epoch 38
epoch   38 error 380661.3 energy -658521662.217831
epoch 39
epoch   39 error 379594.0 energy -670919982.496346
epoch 40
epoch   40 error 379996.7 energy -683233935.943210
epoch 41
epoch   41 error 379679.9 energy -695420009.453536
epoch 42
epoch   42 error 379632.1 energy -707458130.547251
epoch 43
epoch   43 error 379168.7 energy -719365334.031710
epoch 44
epoch   44 error 378787.6 energy -731171831.263565
epoch 45
epoch   45 error 378450.0 energy -742883647.550836
epoch 46
epoch   46 error 379054.0 energy -754479143.953231
epoch 47
epoch   47 error 377713.5 energy -765939049.101519
epoch 48
epoch   48 error 377721.1 energy -777334241.922596
epoch 49
epoch   49 error 376576.0 energy -788647805.279271
epoch 50
epoch   50 error 377725.3 energy -799861904.731226

1、能量是负值

2、能量是不断减少，或者更形象点是逐渐降低的，也就是说绝对值是不断增大的，越来越远离0

【注】其实我刚开始一直是以为能量值不断趋近于0的，实验结果证明了我的想法是错的。读者有任何想法也可以在评论区讨论讨论。有其他比较有价值的规律谢谢大家一起来完善

Pretraining Layer 2 with RBM: 500-500
epoch 1
epoch    1 error 987086.0 energy -9062710.051405
epoch 2
epoch    2 error 665834.8 energy -22633241.117738
epoch 3
epoch    3 error 610662.3 energy -36830053.019285
epoch 4
epoch    4 error 572091.6 energy -51281490.520769
epoch 5
epoch    5 error 540614.1 energy -65915030.623658
epoch 6
epoch    6 error 508557.3 energy -79431130.648043
epoch 7
epoch    7 error 434258.1 energy -92467710.762025
epoch 8
epoch    8 error 399902.2 energy -105430274.786403
epoch 9
epoch    9 error 383352.3 energy -118255093.037551
epoch 10
epoch   10 error 374529.1 energy -130904210.951242
epoch 11
epoch   11 error 368514.4 energy -143354512.397248
epoch 12
epoch   12 error 363563.4 energy -155627227.699558
epoch 13
epoch   13 error 360383.7 energy -167717570.110705
epoch 14
epoch   14 error 358861.5 energy -179615072.973138
epoch 15
epoch   15 error 356927.2 energy -191293665.350483
epoch 16
epoch   16 error 354678.5 energy -202753482.269224
epoch 17
epoch   17 error 353843.7 energy -214037964.189715
epoch 18
epoch   18 error 352791.3 energy -225155932.564075
epoch 19
epoch   19 error 351835.7 energy -236104963.909265
epoch 20
epoch   20 error 351010.4 energy -246873022.282188
epoch 21
epoch   21 error 350847.1 energy -257470705.809567
epoch 22
epoch   22 error 349911.6 energy -267900561.925812
epoch 23
epoch   23 error 349589.7 energy -278184302.605534
epoch 24
epoch   24 error 349400.3 energy -288317945.532343
epoch 25
epoch   25 error 349051.0 energy -298312328.865682
epoch 26
epoch   26 error 348249.4 energy -308184434.905750
epoch 27
epoch   27 error 348383.1 energy -317909079.840016
epoch 28
epoch   28 error 347618.3 energy -327508125.959673
epoch 29
epoch   29 error 347152.3 energy -336984710.426838
epoch 30
epoch   30 error 346707.3 energy -346366295.669933
epoch 31
epoch   31 error 347245.8 energy -355642353.726434
epoch 32
epoch   32 error 346502.2 energy -364798534.538484
epoch 33
epoch   33 error 346450.0 energy -373854688.256938
epoch 34
epoch   34 error 346358.1 energy -382818178.531560
epoch 35
epoch   35 error 346985.5 energy -391695106.532281
epoch 36
epoch   36 error 346818.4 energy -400478029.118356
epoch 37
epoch   37 error 346446.7 energy -409183885.047261
epoch 38
epoch   38 error 346409.3 energy -417793622.658515
epoch 39
epoch   39 error 346342.5 energy -426331454.717778
epoch 40
epoch   40 error 345685.5 energy -434801072.747726
epoch 41
epoch   41 error 345374.3 energy -443199522.909101
epoch 42
epoch   42 error 345590.6 energy -451522224.505664
epoch 43
epoch   43 error 345611.4 energy -459769819.711364
epoch 44
epoch   44 error 345459.2 energy -467949310.324651
epoch 45
epoch   45 error 345785.0 energy -476052215.833106
epoch 46
epoch   46 error 345640.1 energy -484099406.063227
epoch 47
epoch   47 error 344962.8 energy -492075533.907423
epoch 48
epoch   48 error 344727.7 energy -500000744.350654
epoch 49
epoch   49 error 345307.3 energy -507865250.165273
epoch 50
epoch   50 error 345707.6 energy -515675253.128295 

2. 自由能量函数

energy=energy-sum(sum(negdata.*repmat(visbiases,size(negdata,1),1)))-...
sum(sum( log(1+exp(negdata*vishid+repmat(hidbiases,size(poshidstates,1),1))) ));


Pretraining Layer 1 with RBM: 784-500
epoch 1
epoch    1 error 905276.0 energy -19881397.779961
epoch 2
epoch    2 error 558779.6 energy -47693109.210766
epoch 3
epoch    3 error 495834.6 energy -79830190.885475
epoch 4
epoch    4 error 468697.6 energy -114398712.137404
epoch 5
epoch    5 error 453039.3 energy -150310200.560388
epoch 6
epoch    6 error 478686.3 energy -182605142.786704
epoch 7
epoch    7 error 451919.2 energy -213180793.202729
epoch 8
epoch    8 error 438010.1 energy -242816234.242592
epoch 9
epoch    9 error 427760.4 energy -271590223.327619
epoch 10
epoch   10 error 420847.2 energy -299660032.178816
epoch 11
epoch   11 error 415645.8 energy -326954499.696240
epoch 12
epoch   12 error 410386.1 energy -353688087.921110
epoch 13
epoch   13 error 408491.9 energy -379773439.302978
epoch 14
epoch   14 error 404256.8 energy -405219040.048392
epoch 15
epoch   15 error 402607.1 energy -430136766.920731
epoch 16
epoch   16 error 398868.0 energy -454524480.565422
epoch 17
epoch   17 error 398208.7 energy -478411816.895757
epoch 18
epoch   18 error 396493.4 energy -501819653.242841
epoch 19
epoch   19 error 394605.5 energy -524762199.874034
epoch 20
epoch   20 error 392981.9 energy -547265960.648713
epoch 21
epoch   21 error 392338.4 energy -569340099.227584
epoch 22
epoch   22 error 390601.4 energy -591085154.512036
epoch 23
epoch   23 error 389879.6 energy -612461539.974077
epoch 24
epoch   24 error 388782.1 energy -633468451.054830
epoch 25
epoch   25 error 388364.5 energy -654125425.131981
epoch 26
epoch   26 error 386876.1 energy -674518443.101429
epoch 27
epoch   27 error 386544.7 energy -694619635.858860
epoch 28
epoch   28 error 385006.0 energy -714467061.612437
epoch 29
epoch   29 error 384898.6 energy -734014091.415583
epoch 30
epoch   30 error 384137.1 energy -753300736.046747
epoch 31
epoch   31 error 383938.5 energy -772303792.788062
epoch 32
epoch   32 error 383642.5 energy -791090169.476486
epoch 33
epoch   33 error 382299.7 energy -809661333.174433
epoch 34
epoch   34 error 381459.4 energy -828056903.650036
epoch 35
epoch   35 error 382378.4 energy -846229339.194885
epoch 36
epoch   36 error 381321.8 energy -864236457.069615
epoch 37
epoch   37 error 380576.9 energy -882130475.692142
epoch 38
epoch   38 error 380819.1 energy -899805881.559751
epoch 39
epoch   39 error 380575.8 energy -917291008.281778
epoch 40
epoch   40 error 380441.0 energy -934597287.769714
epoch 41
epoch   41 error 378924.6 energy -951799519.728817
epoch 42
epoch   42 error 379242.5 energy -968837996.416408
epoch 43
epoch   43 error 378084.0 energy -985763999.393868
epoch 44
epoch   44 error 377760.6 energy -1002485955.994587
epoch 45
epoch   45 error 378065.3 energy -1019135408.410493
epoch 46
epoch   46 error 378113.7 energy -1035609968.466859
epoch 47
epoch   47 error 378137.6 energy -1051977206.619751
epoch 48
epoch   48 error 377804.7 energy -1068256355.969882
epoch 49
epoch   49 error 377078.1 energy -1084361351.832399
epoch 50
epoch   50 error 376941.1 energy -1100352833.515859 

Pretraining Layer 2 with RBM: 500-500
epoch 1
epoch    1 error 993889.2 energy -15205761.985310
epoch 2
epoch    2 error 676743.8 energy -34794600.316635
epoch 3
epoch    3 error 622237.7 energy -54860642.213566
epoch 4
epoch    4 error 585614.3 energy -75025441.023491
epoch 5
epoch    5 error 555836.9 energy -95270049.773320
epoch 6
epoch    6 error 521063.7 energy -113064624.687646
epoch 7
epoch    7 error 442315.3 energy -129533185.056863
epoch 8
epoch    8 error 407058.7 energy -145427948.901373
epoch 9
epoch    9 error 389512.7 energy -160926615.310918
epoch 10
epoch   10 error 379349.7 energy -176038677.575432
epoch 11
epoch   11 error 372263.0 energy -190819909.913752
epoch 12
epoch   12 error 368580.7 energy -205272520.010386
epoch 13
epoch   13 error 365315.1 energy -219429209.242861
epoch 14
epoch   14 error 363198.0 energy -233282955.187790
epoch 15
epoch   15 error 360865.5 energy -246872028.136193
epoch 16
epoch   16 error 360440.2 energy -260191385.979074
epoch 17
epoch   17 error 358262.1 energy -273277908.363102
epoch 18
epoch   18 error 356881.8 energy -286135114.134431
epoch 19
epoch   19 error 356049.6 energy -298750619.512386
epoch 20
epoch   20 error 356009.3 energy -311137943.591194
epoch 21
epoch   21 error 355319.0 energy -323321281.109947
epoch 22
epoch   22 error 354783.1 energy -335312699.884763
epoch 23
epoch   23 error 354477.3 energy -347119931.104351
epoch 24
epoch   24 error 354285.7 energy -358745715.833463
epoch 25
epoch   25 error 353366.3 energy -370214880.549267
epoch 26
epoch   26 error 352662.9 energy -381532009.670373
epoch 27
epoch   27 error 353588.7 energy -392675673.518439
epoch 28
epoch   28 error 352470.9 energy -403697030.809657
epoch 29
epoch   29 error 353054.5 energy -414589450.592768
epoch 30
epoch   30 error 352482.0 energy -425354947.125350
epoch 31
epoch   31 error 351719.4 energy -435996803.022372
epoch 32
epoch   32 error 351546.8 energy -446524221.283293
epoch 33
epoch   33 error 351439.6 energy -456927518.928294
epoch 34
epoch   34 error 351518.5 energy -467237727.772437
epoch 35
epoch   35 error 351350.9 energy -477451966.520637
epoch 36
epoch   36 error 350986.0 energy -487572943.439880
epoch 37
epoch   37 error 350939.2 energy -497598679.794740
epoch 38
epoch   38 error 350509.6 energy -507538226.850344
epoch 39
epoch   39 error 350470.0 energy -517375214.715247
epoch 40
epoch   40 error 351177.7 energy -527125526.454195
epoch 41
epoch   41 error 350052.4 energy -536812334.692637
epoch 42
epoch   42 error 350338.3 energy -546408162.241688
epoch 43
epoch   43 error 349897.6 energy -555922938.066808
epoch 44
epoch   44 error 350848.5 energy -565355955.788417
epoch 45
epoch   45 error 350459.8 energy -574712019.150728
epoch 46
epoch   46 error 349903.4 energy -583997810.590286
epoch 47
epoch   47 error 350130.9 energy -593219406.465314
epoch 48
epoch   48 error 349957.5 energy -602379132.214209 

1、重构误差：一般是均方差，是正值、曲线向X轴逼近

2、能量值或者自由能量值：负值、远离X轴方向收敛

【注】博文是博主自己研究的，可能有错误，如若有任何问题，请在评论区标注，大家一起研究。