c语言实践-图像缩放

 简单代码实现:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <memory.h>

#define HEIGHT  1080
#define WIDTH   1440

int is_in_array(short x, short y, short height, short width)
{
    if (x >= 0 && x < width && y >= 0 && y < height)
        return 1;
    else
        return 0;
}

void bilinera_interpolation(short** in_array, short height, short width, 
                            short** out_array, short out_height, short out_width)
{
    double h_times = (double)out_height / (double)height,
           w_times = (double)out_width / (double)width;
    short  x1, y1, x2, y2, f11, f12, f21, f22;
    double x, y;

    for (int i = 0; i < out_height; i++){
        for (int j = 0; j < out_width; j++){
            x = j / w_times;
            y = i / h_times;
            x1 = (short)(x - 1);
            x2 = (short)(x + 1);
            y1 = (short)(y + 1);
            y2 = (short)(y - 1);
            f11 = is_in_array(x1, y1, height, width) ? in_array[y1][x1] : 0;
            f12 = is_in_array(x1, y2, height, width) ? in_array[y2][x1] : 0;
            f21 = is_in_array(x2, y1, height, width) ? in_array[y1][x2] : 0;
            f22 = is_in_array(x2, y2, height, width) ? in_array[y2][x2] : 0;
            out_array[i][j] = (short)(((f11 * (x2 - x) * (y2 - y)) +
                                       (f21 * (x - x1) * (y2 - y)) +
                                       (f12 * (x2 - x) * (y - y1)) +
                                       (f22 * (x - x1) * (y - y1))) / ((x2 - x1) * (y2 - y1)));
        }
    }
}


typedef  BYTE;    // 定义BYTE类型,占1个字节

int main(void)
{
    FILE *fp = NULL;
    BYTE PicZoomOut[1280][720];
    BYTE *ptr;
    BYTE **Pic = new BYTE *[HEIGHT];
    for (int i = 0; i != HEIGHT; ++i)
    {
        Pic[i] = new BYTE[WIDTH];
    }

    ptr = (BYTE*)malloc(WIDTH * HEIGHT * sizeof(BYTE));//创建内存

    fp = fopen("1.jpg", "rb");
    fseek(fp, 0L, SEEK_END);
    int len =  ftell(fp);
    fseek(fp, 0L, SEEK_SET);
    fread(ptr, sizeof(BYTE), len, fp);

    for (int i = 0; i < HEIGHT; i++)
    {
        for (int j = 0; j < WIDTH; j++)
        {
            Pic[i][j] = *ptr; 
            ptr++;
        }
    }
    fclose(fp);

    fp = fopen("2.jpg", "wb");
    bilinera_interpolation(Pic,HEIGHT,WIDTH,PicZoomOut,1280,720);
    fwrite(PicZoomOut, 1, 1, fp);
    fclose(fp);
    return 0;
}

 

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