See also: List of filename extensions
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This is a list of file formats used by computers, organized by type. Filename extensions are usually noted in parentheses if they differ from the file format name or abbreviation. Many operating systems do not limit filenames to one extension shorter than 4 characters, as was common with some operating systems that supported the File Allocation Table (FAT) file system. Examples of operating systems that do not impose this limit include Unix-like systems, and Microsoft Windows NT, 95, 98, and ME which have no three character limit on extensions for 32-bit or 64-bit applications on file systems other than pre-Windows 95 and Windows NT 3.5 versions of the FAT file system. Some filenames are given extensions longer than three characters. While MS-DOS and NT always see the final period in a filename as an extension, in UNIX-like systems, the final period doesn’t necessarily mean the text afterward is the extension.
Some file formats, such as .txt, may be listed multiple times.
Main article: List of archive formats
.cab – A cabinet (.cab) file is a library of compressed files stored as one file. Cabinet files are used to organize installation files that are copied to the user's system. .?Q? – files compressed by the SQ program 7z – 7-Zip compressed file AAC – Advanced Audio Coding ace – ACE compressed file ALZ – ALZip compressed file APK – Applications installable on Android APPX – Microsoft Application Package (.appx) AT3 – Sony's UMD data compression .bke – BackupEarth.com data compression ARC – pre-Zip data compression ARJ – ARJ compressed file AS - Action Script ASS (also SAS) – a subtitles file created by Aegisub, a video typesetting application (also a Halo game engine file) B – (B file) Similar to .a, but a little less compressed... BA – Scifer Archive (.ba), Scifer External Archive Type big – Special file compression format used by Electronic Arts to compress the data for many of EA's games BIN – compressed archive, can be read and used by CD-ROMs and Java, extractable by 7-zip and WINRAR bjsn – Used to store The Escapists saves on Android. BKF (.bkf) – Microsoft backup created by NTBackup.c bzip2 (.bz2) – bld – Skyscraper Simulator Building c4 – JEDMICS image files, a DOD system cab – Microsoft Cabinet cals – JEDMICS image files, a DOD system CLIPFLAIR (.clipflair, .clipflair.zip) – ClipFlair Studio ? component saved state file (contains component options in XML, extra/attached files and nested components' state in child .clipflair.zip files – activities are also components and can be nested at any depth) CPT, SEA – Compact Pro (Macintosh) DAA – Closed-format, Windows-only compressed disk image deb – Debian install package DMG – an Apple compressed/encrypted format DDZ – a file which can only be used by the "daydreamer engine" created by "fever-dreamer", a program similar to RAGS, it's mainly used to make somewhat short games. DN – Adobe Dimension CC file format DPE – Package of AVE documents made with Aquafadas digital publishing tools. .egg – Alzip Egg Edition compressed file EGT (.egt) – EGT Universal Document also used to create compressed cabinet files replaces .ecab ECAB (.ECAB, .ezip) – EGT Compressed Folder used in advanced systems to compress entire system folders, replaced by EGT Universal Document ESS (.ess) – EGT SmartSense File, detects files compressed using the EGT compression system. Flipchart file (.flipchart) – Used in Promethean ActivInspire Flipchart Software. GBP - ? 2 types of files: 1. An archive index file that is created by Genie Timeline ?. It contains references to the files that the user has chosen to backup; the references can be to an archive file or a batch of files. This files can be opened using Genie-Soft Genie Timeline on Windows. 2. A data output file created by CAD Printed Circuit Board (PCB). This type of file can be opened on Windows using Autodesk EAGLE ?, Altium Designer ?, Viewplot ?, Gerbv ? on Mac using Autodesk EAGLE, Gerbv, gEDA ? and on Linux using Autodesk EAGLE, gEDA, Gerbv GFA – Graphical Fragment Assembly GHO (.gho, .ghs) – Norton Ghost GIF (.gif) – Graphics Interchange Format gzip (.gz) – Compressed file HTML (.html) HTML code file IPG (.ipg) – Format in which Apple Inc. packages their iPod games. can be extracted through Winrar jar – ZIP file with manifest for use with Java applications. JSP - Java Server Pages LBR (.Lawrence) – Lawrence Compiler Type file LBR – Library file LQR – LBR Library file compressed by the SQ program. LHA (.lzh) – Lempel, Ziv, Huffman lzip (.lz) – Compressed file lzo lzma – Lempel–Ziv–Markov chain algorithm compressed file LZX (algorithm) MBW (.mbw) – MBRWizard archive MHTML – Mine HTML (Hyper-Text Markup Language) code file MPQ Archives (.mpq) – Used by Blizzard games BIN (.bin) – MacBinary NTH (.nth) – Nokia Theme Used by Nokia Series 40 Cellphones OAR (.oar) – OmegaARc archive OSZ – osu! compressed beatmap archive PAK – Enhanced type of .ARC archive PAR (.par, .par2) – Parchive PAF (.paf) – Portable Application File PEA (.pea) – PeaZip archive file PHP (.php) – PHP code file PYK (.pyk) – Compressed file PK3 (.pk3) – Quake 3 archive (See note on Doom3) PK4 (.pk4) – Doom3 archive (Opens similarly to a zip archive.) py / pyw – Python code file RAR (.rar) – Rar Archive, for multiple file archive (rar to .r01-.r99 to s01 and so on) RAG, RAGS – Game file, a game playable in the RAGS game-engine, a free program which both allows people to create games, and play games, games created have the format "RAG game file" RPM – Red Hat package/installer for Fedora, RHEL, and similar systems. sb – Scratch file sb2 – Scratch2 file SEN – Scifer Archive (.sen) – Scifer Internal Archive Type SIT (.sitx) – StuffIt (Macintosh) SKB – Google SketchUp backup File SZS – Nintendo Yaz0 Compressed Archive TAR – group of files, packaged as one file TGZ (.tar.gz) – gzipped tar file TB (.tb) – Tabbery Virtual Desktop Tab file TS - TypeScript TIB (.tib) – Acronis True Image backup UHA – Ultra High Archive Compression UUE (.uue) – unified utility engine – the generic and default format for all things UUe-related. VIV – Archive format used to compress data for several video games, including Need For Speed: High Stakes. VOL – video game data package. VSA – Altiris Virtual Software Archive WAX – Wavexpress – A ZIP alternative optimized for packages containing video, allowing multiple packaged files to be all-or-none delivered with near-instantaneous unpacking via NTFS file system manipulation. xz - xz compressed files, based on LZMA/LZMA2 algorithm Z – Unix compress file zoo – based on LZW zip – popular compression format
Physical recordable media archiving
ISO – The generic format for most optical media, including CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, Blu-ray Disc, HD DVD and UMD. NRG – The proprietary optical media archive format used by Nero applications. IMG – For archiving DOS formatted floppy disks, larger optical media, and hard disk drives. ADF – Amiga Disk Format, for archiving Amiga floppy disks ADZ – The GZip-compressed version of ADF. DMS – Disk Masher System, a disk-archiving system native to the Amiga. DSK – For archiving floppy disks from a number of other platforms, including the ZX Spectrum and Amstrad CPC. D64 – An archive of a Commodore 64 floppy disk. SDI – System Deployment Image, used for archiving and providing "virtual disk" functionality. MDS – DAEMON tools native disc image format used for making images from optical CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, HD DVD or Blu-ray Disc. It comes together with MDF file and can be mounted with DAEMON Tools. MDX – New DAEMON Tools format that allows getting one MDX disc image file instead of two (MDF and MDS). DMG – Macintosh disk image files (MPEG-1 is found in a .DAT file on a video CD.) CDI – DiscJuggler image file CUE – CDRWrite CUE image file CIF – Easy CD Creator .cif format C2D – Roxio-WinOnCD .c2d format DAA – PowerISO .daa format B6T – BlindWrite 5/6 image file
File formats for software, databases, and websites used by potters and ceramic artists to manage glaze recipes, glaze chemistry, etc.
GlazeChem text format ? GlazeMaster .tab xml (GlazeMaster software)??? HyperGlaze .hgz (HyperGlaze software) ??? Insight .xml (DigitalFire Insight software)?? Insight .rcp (deprecated, DigitalFire Insight software)? Insight .rcx (deprecated, DigitalFire Insight software)? Matrix ??
Computer-aided is a prefix for several categories of tools (e.g., design, manufacture, engineering) which assist professionals in their respective fields (e.g., machining, architecture, schematics).
Computer-aided design (CAD)
Computer-aided design (CAD) software assists engineers, architects and other design professionals in project design.
3DXML – Dassault Systemes graphic representation 3MF – Microsoft 3D Manufacturing Format ACP – VA Software VA – Virtual Architecture CAD file AMF – Additive Manufacturing File Format AEC – DataCAD drawing format AR – Ashlar-Vellum Argon – 3D Modeling ART – ArtCAM model ASC – BRL-CAD Geometry File (old ASCII format) ASM – Solidedge Assembly, Pro/ENGINEER Assembly BIN, BIM – Data Design System DDS-CAD BREP – Open CASCADE 3D model (shape) C3D – C3D Toolkit File Format CCC – CopyCAD Curves CCM – CopyCAD Model CCS – CopyCAD Session CAD – CadStd CATDrawing – CATIA V5 Drawing document CATPart – CATIA V5 Part document CATProduct – CATIA V5 Assembly document CATProcess – CATIA V5 Manufacturing document cgr – CATIA V5 graphic representation file ckd – KeyCreator CAD Modeling ckt – KeyCreator CAD Modeling CO – Ashlar-Vellum Cobalt – parametric drafting and 3D modeling DRW – Caddie Early version of Caddie drawing – Prior to Caddie changing to DWG DFT – Solidedge Draft DGN – MicroStation design file DGK – Delcam Geometry DMT – Delcam Machining Triangles DXF – ASCII Drawing Interchange file format, AutoCAD DWB – VariCAD drawing file DWF – Autodesk's Web Design Format; AutoCAD & Revit can publish to this format; similar in concept to PDF files; Autodesk Design Review is the reader DWG – Popular file format for Computer Aided Drafting applications, notably AutoCAD, Open Design Alliance applications, and Autodesk Inventor Drawing files EASM – SolidWorks eDrawings assembly file EDRW – eDrawings drawing file EMB – Wilcom ES Designer Embroidery CAD file EPRT – eDrawings part file EscPcb – "esCAD pcb" data file by Electro-System (Japan) EscSch – "esCAD sch" data file by Electro-System (Japan) ESW – AGTEK format EXCELLON – Excellon file EXP – Drawing Express format F3D – Autodesk Fusion 360 archive file FCStd – Native file format of FreeCAD CAD/CAM package FM – FeatureCAM Part File FMZ – FormZ Project file G – BRL-CAD Geometry File GBR – Gerber file GLM – KernelCAD model GRB – T-FLEX CAD File GTC – GRAITEC Advance format IAM – Autodesk Inventor Assembly file ICD – IronCAD 2D CAD file IDW – Autodesk Inventor Drawing file IFC – buildingSMART for sharing AEC and FM data IGES – Initial Graphics Exchange Specification Intergraph Standard File Formats – Intergraph IPN – Autodesk Inventor Presentation file IPT – Autodesk Inventor Part file JT – Jupiter Tesselation MCD – Monu-CAD (Monument/Headstone Drawing file) model – CATIA V4 part document OCD – Orienteering Computer Aided Design (OCAD) file PAR – Solidedge Part PIPE – PIPE-FLO Professional Piping system design file PLN – ArchiCad project PRT – NX (recently known as Unigraphics), Pro/ENGINEER Part, CADKEY Part PSM – Solidedge Sheet PSMODEL – PowerSHAPE Model PWI – PowerINSPECT File PYT – Pythagoras File SKP – SketchUp Model RLF – ArtCAM Relief RVM – AVEVA PDMS 3D Review model RVT – Autodesk Revit project files RFA – Autodesk Revit family files S12 – Spirit file, by Softtech SCAD – OpenSCAD 3D part model SCDOC – SpaceClaim 3D Part/Assembly SLDASM – SolidWorks Assembly drawing SLDDRW – SolidWorks 2D drawing SLDPRT – SolidWorks 3D part model dotXSI – For Softimage STEP – Standard for the Exchange of Product model data STL – Stereo Lithographic data format used by various CAD systems and stereo lithographic printing machines. TCT – TurboCAD drawing template TCW – TurboCAD for Windows 2D and 3D drawing UNV – I-DEAS I-DEAS (Integrated Design and Engineering Analysis Software) VC6 – Ashlar-Vellum Graphite – 2D and 3D drafting VLM – Ashlar-Vellum Vellum, Vellum 2D, Vellum Draft, Vellum 3D, DrawingBoard VS – Ashlar-Vellum Vellum Solids WRL – Similar to STL, but includes color. Used by various CAD systems and 3D printing rapid prototyping machines. Also used for VRML models on the web. X_B – Parasolids binary format X_T – Parasolids XE – Ashlar-Vellum Xenon – for associative 3D modeling
Electronic design automation (EDA)
Electronic design automation (EDA), or electronic computer-aided design (ECAD), is specific to the field of electrical engineering.
BRD – Board file for EAGLE Layout Editor, a commercial PCB design tool BSDL – Description language for testing through JTAG CDL – Transistor-level netlist format for IC design CPF – Power-domain specification in system-on-a-chip (SoC) implementation (see also UPF) DEF – Gate-level layout DSPF – Detailed Standard Parasitic Format, Analog-level parasitics of interconnections in IC design EDIF – Vendor neutral gate-level netlist format FSDB – Analog waveform format (see also Waveform viewer) GDSII – Format for PCB and layout of integrated circuits HEX – ASCII-coded binary format for memory dumps LEF – Library Exchange Format, physical abstract of cells for IC design LIB – Library modeling (function, timing) format MS12 – NI Multisim file OASIS – Open Artwork System Interchange Standard OpenAccess – Design database format with APIs PSF – Cadence proprietary format to store simulation results/waveforms (2GB limit) PSFXL – Cadence proprietary format to store simulation results/waveforms SDC – Synopsys Design Constraints, format for synthesis constraints SDF – Standard for gate-level timings SPEF – Standard format for parasitics of interconnections in IC design SPI, CIR – SPICE Netlist, device-level netlist and commands for simulation SREC, S19 – S-record, ASCII-coded format for memory dumps SST2 - Cadence proprietary format to store mixed-signal simulation results/waveforms STIL – Standard Test Interface Language, IEEE1450-1999 standard for Test Patterns for IC SV – SystemVerilog source file S*P – Touchstone/EEsof Scattering parameter data file – multi-port blackbox performance, measurement or simulated UPF – Standard for Power-domain specification in SoC implementation V – Verilog source file VCD – Standard format for digital simulation waveform VHD, VHDL – VHDL source file WGL – Waveform Generation Language, format for Test Patterns for IC
Files output from Automatic Test Equipment or post-processed from such.
Standard Test Data Format
4DB – 4D database Structure file 4DD – 4D database Data file 4DIndy – 4D database Structure Index file 4DIndx – 4D database Data Index file 4DR – 4D database Data resource file (in old 4D versions) ACCDB – Microsoft Database (Microsoft Office Access 2007 and later) ACCDE – Compiled Microsoft Database (Microsoft Office Access 2007 and later) ADT – Sybase Advantage Database Server (ADS) APR – Lotus Approach data entry & reports BOX – Lotus Notes Post Office mail routing database CHML – Krasbit Technologies Encrypted database file for 1 click integration between contact management software and the chameleon(tm) line of imaging workflow solutions DAF – Digital Anchor data file DAT – DOS Basic DAT – Intersystems Caché database file DB – Paradox DB – SQLite DBF – db/dbase II,III,IV and V, Clipper, Harbour/xHarbour, Fox/FoxPro, Oracle DTA – Sage Sterling database file EGT – EGT Universal Document, used to compress sql databases to smaller files, may contain original EGT database style. ESS – EGT SmartSense is a database of files and its compression style. Specific to EGT SmartSense EAP – Enterprise Architect Project FDB – Firebird Databases FDB – Navision database file FP, FP3, FP5, and FP7 – FileMaker Pro FRM – MySQL table definition GDB – Borland InterBase Databases GTABLE – Google Drive Fusion Table KEXI – Kexi database file (SQLite-based) KEXIC – shortcut to a database connection for a Kexi databases on a server KEXIS – shortcut to a Kexi database LDB – Temporary database file, only existing when database is open MDA – Add-in file for Microsoft Access MDB – Microsoft Access database ADP – Microsoft Access project (used for accessing databases on a server) MDE – Compiled Microsoft Database (Access) MDF – Microsoft SQL Server Database MYD – MySQL MyISAM table data MYI – MySQL MyISAM table index NCF – Lotus Notes configuration file NSF – Lotus Notes database NTF – Lotus Notes database design template NV2 – QW Page NewViews object oriented accounting database ODB – LibreOffice Base or OpenOffice Base database ORA – Oracle tablespace files sometimes get this extension (also used for configuration files) PCONTACT – WinIM Contact file PDB – Palm OS Database PDI – Portable Database Image PDX – Corel Paradox database management PRC – Palm OS resource database SQL – bundled SQL queries REC – GNU recutils database REL – Sage Retrieve 4GL data file RIN – Sage Retrieve 4GL index file SDB – StarOffice's StarBase SDF – SQL Compact Database file sqlite – SQLite UDL – Universal Data Link waData – Wakanda (software) database Data file waIndx – Wakanda (software) database Index file waModel – Wakanda (software) database Model file waJournal – Wakanda (software) database Journal file WDB – Microsoft Works Database WMDB – Windows Media Database file – The CurrentDatabase_360.wmdb file can contain file name, file properties, music, video, photo and playlist information.
AI – Adobe Illustrator AVE / ZAVE – Aquafadas CDR – CorelDRAW CHP / pub / STY / CAP / CIF / VGR / FRM – Ventura Publisher – Xerox (DOS / GEM) CPT – Corel Photo-Paint DTP – Greenstreet Publisher, GST PressWorks GDRAW – Google Drive Drawing ILDOC – Broadvision Quicksilver document INDD – Adobe InDesign PSD – Adobe Photoshop MCF – FotoInsight Designer PDF – Adobe Acrobat or Adobe Reader PMD – Adobe PageMaker PPP – Serif PagePlus PUB – Microsoft Publisher QXD – QuarkXPress FM – Adobe FrameMaker SLA / SCD – Scribus WVE — Wondershare Filmora Project WLMP – Windows Live Movie Maker project XCF – File format used by the GIMP, as well as other programs
These files store formatted text and plain text.
0 – Plain Text Document, normally used for licensing 1ST – Plain Text Document, normally preceded by the words "README" (README.1ST) 600 – Plain Text Document, used in UNZIP history log 602 – Text602 document ABW – AbiWord document ACL – MS Word AutoCorrect List AFP – Advanced Function Presentation – IBc AMI – Lostus Ami Pro Amigaguide ANS – American National Standards Institute (ANSI) text ASC – ASCII text AWW – Ability Write CCF – Color Chat 1.0 CSV – ASCII text as comma-separated values, used in spreadsheets and database management systems CWK – ClarisWorks-AppleWorks document DBK – DocBook XML sub-format DITA – Darwin Information Typing Architecture document DOC – Microsoft Word document DOCM – Microsoft Word macro-enabled document DOCX – Office Open XML document DOT – Microsoft Word document template DOTX – Office Open XML text document template EGT – EGT Universal Document EPUB – EPUB open standard for e-books EZW – Reagency Systems easyOFFER document FDX – Final Draft FTM – Fielded Text Meta FTX – Fielded Text (Declared) GDOC – Google Drive Document HTML – HyperText Markup Language (.html, .htm) HWP – Haansoft (Hancom) Hangul Word Processor document HWPML – Haansoft (Hancom) Hangul Word Processor Markup Language document LOG – Text log file LWP – Lotus Word Pro MBP – metadata for Mobipocket documents MD – Markdown text document ME – Plain text document normally preceded by the word "READ" (READ.ME) MCW – Microsoft Word for Macintosh (versions 4.0–5.1) Mobi – Mobipocket documents NB – Mathematica Notebook NBP – Mathematica Player Notebook NEIS – ??????? ?? ???? (Student Record Writing Program) Document ODM – OpenDocument master document ODOC - Synology Drive Office Document ODT – OpenDocument text document OSHEET - Synology Drive Office Spreadsheet OTT – OpenDocument text document template OMM – OmmWriter text document PAGES – Apple Pages document PAP – Papyrus word processor document PDAX – Portable Document Archive (PDA) document index file PDF – Portable Document Format QUOX – Question Object File Format for Quobject Designer or Quobject Explorer Radix-64 RTF – Rich Text document RPT – Crystal Reports SDW – StarWriter text document, used in earlier versions of StarOffice SE – Shuttle Document STW – OpenOffice.org XML (obsolete) text document template Sxw – OpenOffice.org XML (obsolete) text document TeX – TeX INFO – Texinfo Troff TXT – ASCII or Unicode plain text file UOF – Uniform Office Format UOML – Unique Object Markup Language VIA – Revoware VIA Document Project File WPD – WordPerfect document WPS – Microsoft Works document WPT – Microsoft Works document template WRD – WordIt! document WRF – ThinkFree Write WRI – Microsoft Write document XHTML (xhtml, xht) – eXtensible HyperText Markup Language XML – eXtensible Markup Language XPS – Open XML Paper Specification ## Financial records MYO – MYOB Limited (Windows) File MYOB – MYOB Limited (Mac) File TAX – TurboTax File YNAB – You Need a Budget (YNAB) File
Financial data transfer formats
Interactive Financial Exchange (IFX) – XML-based specification for various forms of financial transactions
Open Financial Exchange (.ofx) – open standard supported by CheckFree and Microsoft and partly by Intuit; SGML and later XML based
QFX – proprietary pay-only format used only by Intuit Quicken Interchange Format (.qif) – open standard formerly supported by Intuit
ABF – Adobe Binary Screen Font AFM – Adobe Font Metrics BDF – Bitmap Distribution Format BMF – ByteMap Font Format FNT – Bitmapped Font – Graphics Environment Manager (GEM) FON – Bitmapped Font – Microsoft Windows MGF – MicroGrafx Font OTF – OpenType Font PCF – Portable Compiled Format PostScript Font – Type 1, Type 2 PFA – Printer Font ASCII PFB – Printer Font Binary – Adobe PFM – Printer Font Metrics – Adobe AFM – Adobe Font Metrics FOND – Font Description resource – Mac OS SFD – FontForge spline font database Font SNF – Server Normal Format TDF – TheDraw Font TFM – TeX font metric TTF (.ttf, .ttc) – TrueType Font UFO – Unified Font Object is a cross-platform, cross-application, human readable, future proof format for storing font data. WOFF – Web Open Font Format
ASC – ASCII point of interest (POI) text file APR – ESRI ArcView 3.3 and earlier project file DEM – USGS DEM file format E00 – ARC/INFO interchange file format GeoJSON –Geographically located data in object notation GeoTIFF – Geographically located raster data GML – Geography Markup Language file GPX – XML-based interchange format ITN – TomTom Itinerary format MXD – ESRI ArcGIS project file, 8.0 and higher NTF – National Transfer Format file OV2 – TomTom POI overlay file SHP – ESRI shapefile TAB – MapInfo Table file format World TIFF – Geographically located raster data: text file giving corner coordinate, raster cells per unit, and rotation DTED – Digital Terrain Elevation Data KML – Keyhole Markup Language, XML-based
3DT – 3D Topicscape, the database in which the meta-data of a 3D Topicscape is held, it is a form of 3D concept map (like a 3D mind-map) used to organize ideas, information, and computer files ATY – 3D Topicscape file, produced when an association type is exported; used to permit round-trip (export Topicscape, change files and folders as desired, re-import to 3D Topicscape) CAG – Linear Reference System FES – 3D Topicscape file, produced when a fileless occurrence in 3D Topicscape is exported to Windows. Used to permit round-trip (export Topicscape, change files and folders as desired, re-import them to 3D Topicscape) MGMF – MindGenius Mind Mapping Software file format MM – FreeMind mind map file (XML) MMP – Mind Manager mind map file TPC – 3D Topicscape file, produced when an inter-Topicscape topic link file is exported to Windows; used to permit round-trip (export Topicscape, change files and folders as desired, re-import to 3D Topicscape)
Main article: image file formats
ACT – Adobe Color Table. Contains a raw color palette and consists of 256 24-bit RGB colour values. ASE – Adobe Swatch Exchange. Used by Adobe Photoshop, Illustrator, and InDesign. GPL – GIMP palette file. Uses a text representation of color names and RGB values. Various open source graphical editors can read this format, including GIMP, Inkscape, Krita, KolourPaint, Scribus, CinePaint, and MyPaint. PAL – Microsoft RIFF palette file
ICC/ICM – Color profile conforming the specification of the ICC.
Raster or bitmap files store images as a group of pixels.
ART – America Online proprietary format BLP – Blizzard Entertainment proprietary texture format BMP – Microsoft Windows Bitmap formatted image BTI – Nintendo proprietary texture format CD5 – Chasys Draw IES image CIT – Intergraph is a monochrome bitmap format CPT – Corel PHOTO-PAINT image CR2 – Canon camera raw format; photos have this on some Canon cameras if the quality RAW is selected in camera settings CSP – CLIP STUDIO PAINT format CUT – Dr. Halo image file DDS – DirectX texture file DIB – Device-Independent Bitmap graphic DjVu – DjVu for scanned documents EGT – EGT Universal Document, used in EGT SmartSense to compress PNG files to yet a smaller file Exif – Exchangeable image file format (Exif) is a specification for the image format used by digital cameras GIF – CompuServe's Graphics Interchange Format GRF – Zebra Technologies proprietary format ICNS – format for icons in macOS. Contains bitmap images at multiple resolutions and bitdepths with alpha channel. ICO – a format used for icons in Microsoft Windows. Contains small bitmap images at multiple resolutions and bitdepths with 1-bit transparency or alpha channel. IFF (.iff, .ilbm, .lbm) – ILBM JNG – a single-frame MNG using JPEG compression and possibly an alpha channel JPEG, JFIF (.jpg or .jpeg) – Joint Photographic Experts Group; a lossy image format widely used to display photographic images JP2 – JPEG2000 JPS – JPEG Stereo LBM – Deluxe Paint image file MAX – ScanSoft PaperPort document MIFF – ImageMagick's native file format MNG – Multiple-image Network Graphics, the animated version of PNG MSP – a format used by old versions of Microsoft Paint; replaced by BMP in Microsoft Windows 3.0 NITF – A U.S. Government standard commonly used in Intelligence systems OTB – Over The Air bitmap, a specification designed by Nokia for black and white images for mobile phones PBM – Portable bitmap PC1 – Low resolution, compressed Degas picture file PC2 – Medium resolution, compressed Degas picture file PC3 – High resolution, compressed Degas picture file PCF – Pixel Coordination Format PCX – a lossless format used by ZSoft's PC Paint, popular for a time on DOS systems. PDN – Paint.NET image file PGM – Portable graymap PI1 – Low resolution, uncompressed Degas picture file PI2 – Medium resolution, uncompressed Degas picture file; also Portrait Innovations encrypted image format PI3 – High resolution, uncompressed Degas picture file PICT, PCT – Apple Macintosh PICT image PNG – Portable Network Graphic (lossless, recommended for display and edition of graphic images) PNM – Portable anymap graphic bitmap image PNS – PNG Stereo PPM – Portable Pixmap (Pixel Map) image PSB – Adobe Photoshop Big image file (for large files) PSD, PDD – Adobe Photoshop Drawing PSP – Paint Shop Pro image PX – Pixel image editor image file PXM – Pixelmator image file PXR – Pixar Image Computer image file QFX – QuickLink Fax image RAW – General term for minimally processed image data (acquired by a digital camera) RLE – a run-length encoding image SCT – Scitex Continuous Tone image file SGI, RGB, INT, BW – Silicon Graphics Image TGA (.tga, .targa, .icb, .vda, .vst, .pix) – Truevision TGA (Targa) image TIFF (.tif or .tiff) – Tagged Image File Format (usually lossless, but many variants exist, including lossy ones) TIFF/EP (.tif or .tiff) – Tag Image File Format / Electronic Photography, ISO 12234-2; tends to be used as a basis for other formats rather than in its own right. VTF – Valve Texture Format XBM – X Window System Bitmap XCF – GIMP image (from Gimp's origin at the eXperimental Computing Facility of the University of California) XPM – X Window System Pixmap ZIF – Zoomable/Zoomify Image Format (a web-friendly, TIFF-based, zoomable image format)
Vector graphics use geometric primitives such as points, lines, curves, and polygons to represent images.
3DV – 3-D wireframe graphics by Oscar Garcia AMF – Additive Manufacturing File Format AWG – Ability Draw AI – Adobe Illustrator Document CGM – Computer Graphics Metafile, an ISO Standard CDR – CorelDRAW Document CMX – CorelDRAW vector image DP - Drawing Program file for PERQ  DXF – ASCII Drawing Interchange file Format, used in AutoCAD and other CAD-programs E2D – 2-dimensional vector graphics used by the editor which is included in JFire EGT – EGT Universal Document, EGT Vector Draw images are used to draw vector to a website EPS – Encapsulated Postscript FS – FlexiPro file GBR – Gerber file ODG – OpenDocument Drawing MOVIE.BYU RenderMan SVG – Scalable Vector Graphics, employs XML Scene description languages (3D vector image formats) STL – Stereo Lithographic data format (see STL (file format)) used by various CAD systems and stereo lithographic printing machines. See above. VRML Uses .wrl extension – Virtual Reality Modeling Language, for the creation of 3D viewable web images. X3D SXD – OpenOffice.org XML (obsolete) Drawing V2D – voucher design used by the voucher management included in JFire VDOC – Vector format used in AnyCut, CutStorm, DrawCut, DragonCut, FutureDRAW, MasterCut, SignMaster, VinylMaster software by Future Corporation VSD – Vector format used by Microsoft Visio VSDX – Vector format used by MS Visio and opened by VSDX Annotator VND – Vision numeric Drawing file used in TypeEdit, Gravostyle. WMF – Windows Meta File EMF – Enhanced (Windows) MetaFile, an extension to WMF ART – Xara – Drawing (superseded by XAR) XAR – Xara – Drawing
See also: 3D file format at EduTech Wiki
3D graphics are 3D models that allow building models in real-time or non real-time 3D rendering.
3DMF – QuickDraw 3D Metafile (.3dmf) 3DM – OpenNURBS Initiative 3D Model (used by Rhinoceros 3D) (.3dm) 3MF – Microsoft 3D Manufacturing Format (.3mf) 3DS – legacy 3D Studio Model (.3ds) ABC – Alembic (computer graphics) AC – AC3D Model (.ac) AMF – Additive Manufacturing File Format AN8 – Anim8or Model (.an8) AOI – Art of Illusion Model (.aoi) ASM – PTC Creo assembly (.asm) B3D – Blitz3D Model (.b3d) BLEND – Blender (.blend) BLOCK – Blender encrypted blend files (.block) BMD3 – Nintendo GameCube first-party proprietary model format (.bmd) BDL (BMD4) – Nintendo Wii first-party proprietary model format 2006–2010 (.bdl) BRRES – Nintendo Wii first-party proprietary model format 2010+ (.brres) C4D – Cinema 4D (.c4d) Cal3D – Cal3D (.cal3d) CCP4 – X-ray crystallography voxels (electron density) CFL – Compressed File Library (.cfl) COB – Caligari Object (.cob) CORE3D – Coreona 3D Coreona 3D Virtual File(.core3d) CTM – OpenCTM (.ctm) DAE – COLLADA (.dae) DFF – RenderWare binary stream, commonly used by Grand Theft Auto III-era games as well as other RenderWare titles DPM – deepMesh (.dpm) DTS – Torque Game Engine (.dts) EGG – Panda3D Engine FACT – Electric Image (.fac) FBX – Autodesk FBX (.fbx) G – BRL-CAD geometry (.g) GLB – a binary form of glTF required to be loaded in Facebook 3D Posts. (.glb) GLM – Ghoul Mesh (.glm) glTF – the JSON standard developed by Khronos Group (.gltf) IOB – Imagine (3D modeling software) (.iob) JAS – Cheetah 3D file (.jas) LWO – Lightwave Object (.lwo) LWS – Lightwave Scene (.lws) LXF – LEGO Digital Designer Model file (.lxf) LXO – Luxology Modo (software) file (.lxo) MA – Autodesk Maya ASCII File (.ma) MAX – Autodesk 3D Studio Max file (.max) MB – Autodesk Maya Binary File (.mb) MD2 – Quake 2 model format (.md2) MD3 – Quake 3 model format (.md3) MD5 – Doom 3 model format (.md5) MDX – Blizzard Entertainment's own model format (.mdx) MESH – New York University(.m) MESH – Meshwork Model (.mesh) MM3D – Misfit Model 3d (.mm3d) MPO – Multi-Picture Object – This JPEG standard is used for 3d images, as with the Nintendo 3DS MRC – voxels in cryo-electron microscopy NIF – Gamebryo NetImmerse File (.nif) OBJ – Wavefront .obj file (.obj) OFF – OFF Object file format (.off) OGEX – Open Game Engine Exchange (OpenGEX) format (.ogex) PLY – Polygon File Format / Stanford Triangle Format (.ply) PRC – Adobe PRC (embedded in PDF files) PRT – PTC Creo part (.prt) POV – POV-Ray document (.pov) R3D – Realsoft 3D (Real-3D) (.r3d) RWX – RenderWare Object (.rwx) SIA – Nevercenter Silo Object (.sia) SIB – Nevercenter Silo Object (.sib) SKP – Google Sketchup file (.skp) SLDASM – SolidWorks Assembly Document (.sldasm) SLDPRT – SolidWorks Part Document (.sldprt) SMD – Valve Studiomdl Data format (.smd) U3D – Universal 3D format (.u3d) USD - Universal Scene Description (.usd) USDA - Universal Scene Description , Human-readable text format (.usda) USDC - Universal Scene Description , Binary format (.usdc) USDZ - Universal Scene Description Zip (.usdz) VIM – Revizto visual information model format (.vimproj) VRML97 – VRML Virtual reality modeling language (.wrl) VUE – Vue scene file (.vue) VWX – Vectorworks (.vwx) WINGS – Wings3D (.wings) W3D – Westwood 3D Model (.w3d) X – DirectX 3D Model (.x) X3D – Extensible 3D (.x3d) Z3D – Zmodeler (.z3d)
Alias (Mac OS) JNLP – Java Network Launching Protocol, an XML file used by Java Web Start for starting Java applets over the Internet LNK – binary-format file shortcut in Microsoft Windows 95 and later APPREF-MS – File shortcut format used by ClickOnce URL – INI file pointing to a URL bookmarks/Internet shortcut in Microsoft Windows WEBLOC - Property list file pointing to a URL bookmarks/Internet shortcut in macOS SYM – Symbolic link .desktop – Desktop entry on Linux Desktop environments
Harwell-Boeing file format – a format designed to store sparse matrices MML – MathML – Mathematical Markup Language ODF – OpenDocument Math Formula SXM – OpenOffice.org XML (obsolete) Math Formula
.8BF files – plugins for some photo editing programs including Adobe Photoshop, Paint Shop Pro, GIMP and Helicon Filter. .a – Objective C native static library a.out – (no suffix for executable image, .o for object files, .so for shared object files) classic UNIX object format, now often superseded by ELF APK – Android Application Package APP – A folder found on macOS systems containing program code and resources, appearing as one file. BAC – an executable image for the RSTS/E system, created using the BASIC-PLUS COMPILE command BPL – a Win32 PE file created with Borland Delphi or C++Builder containing a package. Bundle – a Macintosh plugin created with Xcode or make which holds executable code, data files, and folders for that code. .Class – used in Java COFF (no suffix for executable image, .o for object files) – UNIX Common Object File Format, now often superseded by ELF COM files – commands used in DOS DCU – Delphi compiled unit DLL - library used in Windows and OS/2 to store data, resources and code. DOL – the format used by the GameCube and Wii, short for Dolphin, which was the codename of the GameCube. .EAR – archives of Java enterprise applications ELF – (no suffix for executable image, .o for object files, .so for shared object files) used in many modern Unix and Unix-like systems, including Solaris, other System V Release 4 derivatives, Linux, and BSD) expander (see bundle) DOS executable (.exe – used in DOS) .IPA – apple IOS application executable file. Another form of zip file. JEFF – a file format allowing execution directly from static memory .JAR – archives of Java class files .XPI – PKZIP archive that can be run by Mozilla web browsers to install software. Mach-O – (no suffix for executable image, .o for object files, .dylib and .bundle for shared object files) Mach-based systems, notably native format of macOS, iOS, watchOS, and tvOS NetWare Loadable Module (.NLM) – the native 32-bit binaries compiled for Novell's NetWare Operating System (versions 3 and newer) New Executable (.EXE – used in multitasking ("European") MS-DOS 4.0, 16-bit Microsoft Windows, and OS/2) .o – un-linked object files directly from the compiler Portable Executable (.EXE, – used in Microsoft Windows and some other systems) Preferred Executable Format – (classic Mac OS for PowerPC applications; compatible with macOS via a classic (Mac OS X) emulator) RLL – used in Microsoft operating systems together with a DLL file to store program resources .s1es – Executable used for S1ES learning system. .so – shared library, typically ELF Value Added Process (.VAP) – the native 16-bit binaries compiled for Novell's NetWare Operating System (version 2, NetWare 286, Advanced NetWare, etc.) .WAR – archives of Java Web applications XBE – Xbox executable .XAP – Windows Phone package XCOFF – (no suffix for executable image, .o for object files, .a for shared object files) extended COFF, used in AIX XEX – Xbox 360 executable Object extensions .VBX – Visual Basic extensions .OCX – Object Control extensions .TLB – Windows Type Library
DVI – Device independent format EGT – Universal Document can be used to store CSS type styles (*.egt) PLD PCL PDF – Portable Document Format PostScript (.ps, .ps.gz) SNP – Microsoft Access Report Snapshot XPS XSL-FO (Formatting Objects) Configurations, Metadata CSS – Cascading Style Sheets XSLT, XSL – XML Style Sheet (.xslt, .xsl) TPL – Web template (.tpl)
Main article: Personal information manager MSG – Microsoft Outlook task manager ORG – Lotus Organizer PIM package PST, OST – Microsoft Outlook email communication SC2 – Microsoft Schedule+ calendar
GSLIDES – Google Drive Presentation KEY, KEYNOTE – Apple Keynote Presentation NB – Mathematica Slideshow NBP – Mathematica Player slideshow ODP – OpenDocument Presentation OTP – OpenDocument Presentation template PEZ – Prezi Desktop Presentation POT – Microsoft PowerPoint template PPS – Microsoft PowerPoint Show PPT – Microsoft PowerPoint Presentation PPTX – Office Open XML Presentation PRZ – Lotus Freelance Graphics SDD – StarOffice's StarImpress SHF – ThinkFree Show SHOW – Haansoft(Hancom) Presentation software document SHW – Corel Presentations slide show creation SLP – Logix-4D Manager Show Control Project SSPSS – SongShow Plus Slide Show STI – OpenOffice.org XML (obsolete) Presentation template SXI – OpenOffice.org XML (obsolete) Presentation THMX – Microsoft PowerPoint theme template WATCH – Dataton Watchout Presentation
Main article: Project management software
MPP – Microsoft Project
Main article: Reference management software
Formats of files used for bibliographic information (citation) management.
bib – BibTeX enl – EndNote ris – Research Information Systems RIS (file format)
##Scientific data (data exchange)
FITS (Flexible Image Transport System) – standard data format for astronomy (.fits) Silo – a storage format for visualization developed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory SPC – spectroscopic data EAS3 – binary format for structured data EOSSA – Electro-Optic Space Situational Awareness format OST (Open Spatio-Temporal) – extensible, mainly images with related data, or just pure data; meant as an open alternative for microscope images CCP4 – X-ray crystallography voxels (electron density) MRC – voxels in cryo-electron microscopy HITRAN – spectroscopic data with one optical/infrared transition per line in the ASCII file (.hit) .root – hierarchical platform-independent compressed binary format used by ROOT Simple Data Format (SDF) – a platform-independent, precision-preserving binary data I/O format capable of handling large, multi-dimensional arrays. MYD - Everfine LEDSpec software file for LED measurements
NetCDF – Network common data format HDR, [HDF], h4 or h5 – Hierarchical Data Format SDXF – (Structured Data Exchange Format) CDF – Common Data Format CGNS – CFD General Notation System FMF – Full-Metadata Format
GRIB – Grid In Binary, WMO format for weather model data BUFR – WMO format for weather observation data PP – UK Met Office format for weather model data NASA-Ames – Simple text format for observation data. First used in aircraft studies of the atmosphere.
Main article: chemical file format CML – Chemical Markup Language (CML) (.cml) Chemical table file (CTab) (.mol, .sd, .sdf) Joint Committee on Atomic and Molecular Physical Data (JCAMP) (.dx, .jdx) Simplified molecular input line entry specification (SMILES) (.smi)
graph6, sparse6 – ASCII encoding of Adjacency matrices (.g6, .s6)
Molecular biology and bioinformatics:
AB1 – In DNA sequencing, chromatogram files used by instruments from Applied Biosystems ACE – A sequence assembly format ASN.1– Abstract Syntax Notation One, is an International Standards Organization (ISO) data representation format used to achieve interoperability between platforms. NCBI uses ASN.1 for the storage and retrieval of data such as nucleotide and protein sequences, structures, genomes, and PubMed records. BAM – Binary Alignment/Map format (compressed SAM format) BCF – Binary compressed VCF format BED – The browser extensible display format is used for describing genes and other features of DNA sequences CAF – Common Assembly Format for sequence assembly CRAM – compressed file format for storing biological sequences aligned to a reference sequence EMBL – The flatfile format used by the EMBL to represent database records for nucleotide and peptide sequences from EMBL databases FASTA – The FASTA format, for sequence data. Sometimes also given as FNA or FAA (Fasta Nucleic Acid or Fasta Amino Acid). FASTQ – The FASTQ format, for sequence data with quality. Sometimes also given as QUAL. GCPROJ – The Genome Compiler project. Advanced format for genetic data to be designed, shared and visualized. GenBank – The flatfile format used by the NCBI to represent database records for nucleotide and peptide sequences from the GenBank and RefSeq databases GFF – The General feature format is used to describe genes and other features of DNA, RNA, and protein sequences GTF – The Gene transfer format is used to hold information about gene structure NCBI ASN.1 – Structured ASN.1 format used at National Center for Biotechnology Information for DNA and protein data NEXUS – The Nexus file encodes mixed information about genetic sequence data in a block structured format NeXML–XML format for phylogenetic trees NWK – The Newick tree format is a way of representing graph-theoretical trees with edge lengths using parentheses and commas and useful to hold phylogenetic trees. PDB – structures of biomolecules deposited in Protein Data Bank, also used to exchange protein and nucleic acid structures PHD – Phred output, from the basecalling software Phred PLN – Protein Line Notation used in proteax software specification SAM – Sequence Alignment/Map format, in which the results of the 1000 Genomes Project will be released SBML – The Systems Biology Markup Language is used to store biochemical network computational models SCF – Staden chromatogram files used to store data from DNA sequencing SFF – Standard Flowgram Format SRA – format used by the National Center for Biotechnology Information Short Read Archive to store high-throughput DNA sequence data Stockholm – The Stockholm format for representing multiple sequence alignments Swiss-Prot – The flatfile format used to represent database records for protein sequences from the Swiss-Prot database VCF – Variant Call Format, a standard created by the 1000 Genomes Project that lists and annotates the entire collection of human variants (with the exception of approximately 1.6 million variants).
Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) (.dcm) Neuroimaging Informatics Technology Initiative (NIfTI) .nii – single-file (combined data and meta-data) style .nii.gz – gzip-compressed, used transparently by some software, notably the FMRIB Software Library (FSL) .gii – single-file (combined data and meta-data) style; NIfTI offspring for brain surface data .img,.hdr – dual-file (separate data and meta-data, respectively) style AFNI data, meta-data (.BRIK,.HEAD) Massachusetts General Hospital imaging format, used by the FreeSurfer brain analysis package .MGH – uncompressed .MGZ – zip-compressed Analyze data, meta-data (.img,.hdr) Medical Imaging NetCDF (MINC) format, previously based on NetCDF; since version 2.0, based on HDF5 (.mnc)
Biomedical signals (time series)
ACQ – AcqKnowledge format for Windows/PC from Biopac Systems Inc., Goleta, CA, USA ADICHT – LabChart format from ADInstruments Pty Ltd, Bella Vista NSW, Australia BCI2000 – The BCI2000 project, Albany, NY, USA BDF – BioSemi data format from BioSemi B.V. Amsterdam, Netherlands BKR – The EEG data format developed at the University of Technology Graz, Austria CFWB – Chart Data Format from ADInstruments Pty Ltd, Bella Vista NSW, Australia DICOM – Waveform An extension of Dicom for storing waveform data ecgML – A markup language for electrocardiogram data acquisition and analysis EDF/EDF+ – European Data Format FEF – File Exchange Format for Vital signs, CEN TS 14271 GDF v1.x – The General Data Format for biomedical signals, version 1.x GDF v2.x – The General Data Format for biomedical signals, version 2.x HL7aECG – Health Level 7 v3 annotated ECG MFER – Medical waveform Format Encoding Rules OpenXDF – Open Exchange Data Format from Neurotronics, Inc., Gainesville, FL, USA SCP-ECG – Standard Communication Protocol for Computer assisted electrocardiography EN1064:2007 SIGIF – A digital SIGnal Interchange Format with application in neurophysiology WFDB – Format of Physiobank XDF – eXtensible Data Format
Other Biomedical Formats
Health Level 7 (HL7) – a framework for exchange, integration, sharing, and retrieval of health information electronically xDT – a family of data exchange formats for medical records
CBF – Common Biometric Format, based on CBEFF 2.0 (Common Biometric ExFramework). EBF – Extended Biometric Format, based on CBF but with S/MIME encryption support and semantic extensions CBFX – XML Common Biometric Format, based upon XCBF 1.1 (OASIS XML Common Biometric Format) EBFX – XML Extended Biometric Format, based on CBFX but with W3C XML Encryption support and semantic extensions
Authentication and general encryption formats are listed here.
OpenPGP Message Format – used by Pretty Good Privacy, GNU Privacy Guard, and other OpenPGP software; can contain keys, signed data, or encrypted data; can be binary or text ("ASCII armored")
Certificates and keys
GXK – Galaxkey, an encryption platform for authorized, private and confidential email communication OpenSSH private key (.ssh) – Secure Shell private key; format generated by ssh-keygen or converted from PPK with PuTTYgen OpenSSH public key (.pub) – Secure Shell public key; format generated by ssh-keygen or PuTTYgen PuTTY private key (.ppk) – Secure Shell private key, in the format generated by PuTTYgen instead of the format used by OpenSSH
Distinguished Encoding Rules (.cer, .crt, .der) – stores certificates PKCS#7 SignedData (.p7b, .p7c) – commonly appears without main data, just certificates or certificate revokation lists (CRLs) PKCS#12 (.p12, .pfx) – can store public certificates and private keys PEM – Privacy-enhanced Electronic Mail: full format not widely used, but often used to store Distinguished Encoding Rules in Base64 format PFX – Microsoft predecessor of PKCS#12
This section shows file formats for encrypted general data, rather than a specific program's data. AXX – Encrypted file, created with AxCrypt EEA – An encrypted CAB, ostensibly for protecting email attachments TC – Virtual encrypted disk container, created by TrueCrypt KODE – Encrypted file, created with KodeFile
Password files (sometimes called keychain files) contain lists of other passwords, usually encrypted.
BPW – Encrypted password file created by Bitser password manager KDB – KeePass 1 database KDBX – KeePass 2 database
ACQ – AcqKnowledge format for Windows/PC from Biopac ADICHT – LabChart format from ADInstruments BKR – The EEG data format developed at the University of Technology Graz BDF, CFG – Configuration file for Comtrade data CFWB – Chart Data format from ADInstruments DAT – Raw data file for Comtrade data EDF – European data format FEF – File Exchange Format for Vital signs GDF – General data formats for biomedical signals GMS – Gesture And Motion Signal format IROCK – intelliRock Sensor Data File Format MFER – Medical waveform Format Encoding Rules SAC – Seismic Analysis Code, earthquake seismology data format SCP-ECG – Standard Communication Protocol for Computer assisted electrocardiography SEED, MSEED – Standard for the Exchange of Earthquake Data, seismological data and sensor metadata SEGY – Reflection seismology data format SIGIF – SIGnal Interchange Format WIN, WIN32 – NIED/ERI seismic data format (.cnt)
8SVX – Commodore-Amiga 8-bit sound (usually in an IFF container) 16SVX – Commodore-Amiga 16-bit sound (usually in an IFF container) AIFF, AIF, AIFC – Audio Interchange File Format AU – Simple audio file format introduced by Sun Microsystems BWF – Broadcast Wave Format, an extension of WAVE CDDA – Compact Disc Digital Audio RAW – Raw samples without any header or sync WAV – Microsoft Wave
RA, RM – RealAudio format FLAC – Free lossless codec of the Ogg project LA – Lossless Audio PAC – LPAC APE – Monkey's Audio OFR, OFS, OFF – OptimFROG RKA – RKAU SHN – Shorten TAK – Tom's Lossless Audio Kompressor TTA – Free lossless audio codec (True Audio) WV – WavPack WMA – Windows Media Audio 9 Lossless BRSTM – Binary Revolution Stream DTS, DTSHD, DTSMA – DTS (sound system) AST – Nintendo Audio Stream AW – Nintendo Audio Sample used in first-party games PSF – Portable Sound Format, PlayStation variant (originally PlayStation Sound Format)
AMR – For GSM and UMTS based mobile phones MP1 – MPEG Layer 1 MP2 – MPEG Layer 2 MP3 MPEG Layer 3 SPX – Speex (Ogg project, specialized for voice, low bitrates) GSM – GSM Full Rate, originally developed for use in mobile phones WMA – Windows Media Audio AAC – Advanced Audio Coding (usually in an MPEG-4 container) MPC – Musepack VQF – Yamaha TwinVQ OTS – Audio File (similar to MP3, with more data stored in the file and slightly better compression; designed for use with OtsLabs' OtsAV) SWA – Macromedia Shockwave Audio (Same compression as MP3 with additional header information specific to Macromedia Director VOX – Dialogic ADPCM Low Sample Rate Digitized Voice VOC – Creative Labs Soundblaster Creative Voice 8-bit & 16-bit Also output format of RCA Audio Recorders DWD – DiamondWare Digitized SMP – Turtlebeach SampleVision OGG – Ogg Vorbis
Tracker modules and related
MOD – Soundtracker and Protracker sample and melody modules MT2 – MadTracker 2 module S3M – Scream Tracker 3 module XM – Fast Tracker module IT – Impulse Tracker module NSF – NES Sound Format MID, MIDI – Standard MIDI file; most often just notes and controls but occasionally also sample dumps FTM – FamiTracker Project file
Sheet Music Files
LY – LilyPond sheet music file MUS, MUSX – Finale sheet music file MXL, XML – MusicXML standard sheet music exchange format MSCX, MSCZ – MuseScore sheet music file SIB – Sibelius sheet music file
Other File Formats Pertaining to Audio
NIFF – Notation Interchange File Format PTB – Power Tab Editor tab ASF – Advanced Systems Format CUST – DeliPlayer custom sound format GYM – Genesis YM2612 log JAM – Jam music format MNG – Background music for the Creatures game series, starting from Creatures 2 RMJ – RealJukebox Media used for RealPlayer SID – Sound Interface Device – Commodore 64 instructions to play SID music and sound effects SPC – Super NES sound format TXM – Track ax media VGM – Stands for "Video Game Music", log for several different chips YM – Atari ST/Amstrad CPC YM2149 sound chip format
AIMPPL – AIMP Playlist format ASX – Advanced Stream Redirector RAM – Real Audio Metafile For RealAudio files only. XPL – HDi playlist XSPF – XML Shareable Playlist Format ZPL – Xbox Music (Formerly Zune) Playlist format from Microsoft M3U – Multimedia playlist file PLS – Multimedia playlist, originally developed for use with the museArc
ALS – Ableton Live set ALC – Ableton Live clip ALP – Ableton Live pack AUP – Audacity project file BAND – GarageBand project file CEL – Adobe Audition loop file (Cool Edit Loop) CPR – Steinberg Cubase project file CWP – Cakewalk Sonar project file DRM – Steinberg Cubase drum file DMKIT – Image-Line's Drumaxx drum kit file ENS – Native Instruments Reaktor Ensemble GRIR – Native Instruments Komplete Guitar Rig Impulse Response LOGIC – Logic Pro X project file MMR – MAGIX Music Maker project file MX6HS – Mixcraft 6 Home Studio project file NPR – Steinberg Nuendo project file OMF, OMFI – Open Media Framework Interchange OMFI succeeds OMF (Open Media Framework) RIN – Soundways RIN-M file containing sound recording participant credits and song information SES – Adobe Audition multitrack session file SFL – Sound Forge sound file SNG – MIDI sequence file (MidiSoft, Korg, etc.) or n-Track Studio project file STF – StudioFactory project file. It contains all necessary patches, samples, tracks and settings to play the file SND – Akai MPC sound file SYN – SynFactory project file. It contains all necessary patches, samples, tracks and settings to play the file FLP – Image Line FL Studio Project file VCLS – VocaListener project file VSQ – Vocaloid 2 Editor sequence excluding wave-file VSQX – Vocaloid 3 Editor sequence excluding wave-file
DVR-MS – Windows XP Media Center Edition's Windows Media Center recorded television format WTV – Windows Vista's and up Windows Media Center recorded television format
ADA, ADB, 2.ADA – Ada (body) source ADS, 1.ADA – Ada (specification) source ASM, S – Assembly language source BAS – BASIC, FreeBASIC, Visual Basic, BASIC-PLUS source, PICAXE basic BB – Blitz Basic Blitz3D BMX – Blitz Basic BlitzMax C – C source CLJ – Clojure source code CLS – Visual Basic class COB, CBL – COBOL source CPP, CC, CXX, C, CBP – C++ source CS – C# source CSPROJ – C# project (Visual Studio .NET) D – D source DBA – DarkBASIC source DBPro123 – DarkBASIC Professional project E – Eiffel source EFS – EGT Forever Source File EGT – EGT Asterisk Source File, could be J, C#, VB.net, EF 2.0 (EGT Forever) EL – Emacs Lisp source FOR, FTN, F, F77, F90 – Fortran source FRM – Visual Basic form FRX – Visual Basic form stash file (binary form file) FTH – Forth source GED – Game Maker Extension Editable file as of version 7.0 GM6 – Game Maker Editable file as of version 6.x GMD – Game Maker Editable file up to version 5.x GMK – Game Maker Editable file as of version 7.0 GML – Game Maker Language script file GO – Go source H – C/C++ header file HPP, HXX – C++ header file HS – Haskell source I – SWIG interface file INC – Turbo Pascal included source JAVA – Java source L – lex source LGT – Logtalk source LISP – Common Lisp source M – Objective-C source M – MATLAB M – Mathematica M4 – m4 source ML – Standard ML and OCaml source MSQR – M2 source file, created by Mattia Marziali N – Nemerle source NB – Nuclear Basic source P – Parser source PAS, PP, P – Pascal source (DPR for projects) PHP, PHP3, PHP4, PHP5, PHPS, Phtml – PHP source pisrc ? PiNET source code mains. Used with Python 3.0, Snap!, and UnrealEngine 4 files source- used by PiIT, Dangerous_Pi, and Silicon Alchemy PIV – Pivot stickfigure animator PL, PM – Perl PLI, PL1 – PL/I PRG – Ashton-Tate; dbII, dbIII and dbIV, db, db7, clipper, Microsoft Fox and FoxPro, harbour, xharbour, and Xbase PRO – IDL POL – Apcera Policy Language doclet PY – Python source R – R source RED – Red source REDS – Red/System source RB – Ruby source RESX – Resource file for .NET applications RC, RC2 – Resource script files to generate resources for .NET applications RKT, RKTL – Racket source SCALA – Scala source SCI, SCE – Scilab SCM – Scheme source SD7 – Seed7 source SKB, SKC – Sage Retrieve 4GL Common Area (Main and Amended backup) SKD – Sage Retrieve 4GL Database SKF, SKG – Sage Retrieve 4GL File Layouts (Main and Amended backup) SKI – Sage Retrieve 4GL Instructions SKK – Sage Retrieve 4GL Report Generator SKM – Sage Retrieve 4GL Menu SKO – Sage Retrieve 4GL Program SKP, SKQ – Sage Retrieve 4GL Print Layouts (Main and Amended backup) SKS, SKT – Sage Retrieve 4GL Screen Layouts (Main and Amended backup) SKZ – Sage Retrieve 4GL Security File SLN – Visual Studio solution SPIN – Spin source (for Parallax Propeller microcontrollers) STK – Stickfigure file for Pivot stickfigure animator SWG – SWIG source code TCL – TCL source code VAP – Visual Studio Analyzer project VB – Visual Basic.NET source VBG – Visual Studio compatible project group VBP, VIP – Visual Basic project VBPROJ – Visual Basic .NET project VCPROJ – Visual C++ project VDPROJ – Visual Studio deployment project XPL – XProc script/pipeline XQ – XQuery file XSL – XSLT stylesheet Y – yacc source
123 – Lotus 1-2-3 AB2 – Abykus worksheet AB3 – Abykus workbook AWS – Ability Spreadsheet BCSV – Nintendo proprietary table format CLF – ThinkFree Calc CELL – Haansoft(Hancom) SpreadSheet software document CSV – Comma-Separated Values GSHEET – Google Drive Spreadsheet numbers – An Apple Numbers Spreadsheet file gnumeric – Gnumeric spreadsheet, a gziped XML file LCW - Lucid 3-D ODS – OpenDocument spreadsheet OTS – OpenDocument spreadsheet template QPW – Quattro Pro spreadsheet SDC – StarOffice StarCalc Spreadsheet SLK – SYLK (SYmbolic LinK) STC – OpenOffice.org XML (obsolete) Spreadsheet template SXC – OpenOffice.org XML (obsolete) Spreadsheet TAB – tab delimited columns; also TSV (Tab-Separated Values) TXT – text file VC – Visicalc WK1 – Lotus 1-2-3 up to version 2.01 WK3 – Lotus 1-2-3 version 3.0 WK4 – Lotus 1-2-3 version 4.0 WKS – Lotus 1-2-3 WKS – Microsoft Works WQ1 – Quattro Pro DOS version XLK – Microsoft Excel worksheet backup XLS – Microsoft Excel worksheet sheet (97–2003) XLSB – Microsoft Excel binary workbook XLSM – Microsoft Excel Macro-enabled workbook XLSX – Office Open XML worksheet sheet XLR – Microsoft Works version 6.0 XLT – Microsoft Excel worksheet template XLTM – Microsoft Excel Macro-enabled worksheet template XLW – Microsoft Excel worksheet workspace (version 4.0)
TSV – Tab-separated values CSV – Comma-separated values db – databank format; accessible by many econometric applications dif – accessible by many spreadsheet applications
Main article: video file format
AAF – mostly intended to hold edit decisions and rendering information, but can also contain compressed media essence
3GP – the most common video format for cell phones GIF – Animated GIF (simple animation; until recently often avoided because of patent problems) ASF – container (enables any form of compression to be used; MPEG-4 is common; video in ASF-containers is also called Windows Media Video (WMV)) AVCHD – Advanced Video Codec High Definition AVI – container (a shell, which enables any form of compression to be used) BIK (.bik) – Bink Video file. A video compression system developed by RAD Game Tools CAM – aMSN webcam log file COLLAB – Blackboard Collaborate session recording DAT – video standard data file (automatically created when we attempted to burn as video file on the CD) DSH DVR-MS – Windows XP Media Center Edition's Windows Media Center recorded television format FLV – Flash video (encoded to run in a flash animation) M1V MPEG-1 – Video M2V MPEG-2 – Video FLA – Macromedia Flash (for producing) FLR – (text file which contains scripts extracted from SWF by a free ActionScript decompiler named FLARE) SOL – Adobe Flash shared object ("Flash cookie") M4V – video container file format developed by Apple Matroska (*.mkv) – Matroska is a container format, which enables any video format such as MPEG-4 ASP or AVC to be used along with other content such as subtitles and detailed meta information WRAP – MediaForge (*.wrap) MNG – mainly simple animation containing PNG and JPEG objects, often somewhat more complex than animated GIF QuickTime (.mov) – container which enables any form of compression to be used; Sorenson codec is the most common; QTCH is the filetype for cached video and audio streams MPEG (.mpeg, .mpg, .mpe) THP – Nintendo proprietary movie/video format MPEG-4 Part 14, shortened "MP4" – multimedia container (most often used for Sony's PlayStation Portable and Apple's iPod) MXF – Material Exchange Format (standardized wrapper format for audio/visual material developed by SMPTE) ROQ – used by Quake 3 NSV – Nullsoft Streaming Video (media container designed for streaming video content over the Internet) Ogg – container, multimedia RM – RealMedia SVI – Samsung video format for portable players SMI – SAMI Caption file (HTML like subtitle for movie files) SMK (.smk) – Smacker video file. A video compression system developed by RAD Game Tools SWF – Macromedia Flash (for viewing) WMV – Windows Media Video (See ASF) WTV – Windows Vista's and up Windows Media Center recorded television format YUV – raw video format; resolution (horizontal x vertical) and sample structure 4:2:2 or 4:2:0 must be known explicitly WebM – video file format for web video using HTML5
Video editing, production
FCP – Final Cut Pro project file MSWMM – Windows Movie Maker project file PPJ & PRPROJ– Adobe Premiere Pro video editing file IMOVIEPROJ – iMovie project file VEG & VEG-BAK – Sony Vegas project file SUF – Sony camera configuration file (setup.suf) produced by XDCAM-EX camcorders WLMP – Windows Live Movie Maker project file KDENLIVE – Kdenlive project file VPJ – VideoPad project file MOTN – Apple Motion project file IMOVIEMOBILE – iMovie project file for iOS users
List of common file formats of data for video games on systems that support filesystems, most commonly PC games.
TrackMania United/Nations Forever Engine – Formats used by games based on the TrackMania engine.
XeX CHALLENGE.GBX – (Edited) Challenge files. CONSTRUCTIONCAMPAIGN.GBX – Construction campaigns files. CONTROLEFFECTMASTER.GBX/CONTROLSTYLE.GBX – Menu parts. FIDCACHE.GBX – Saved game. GBX – Other TrackMania items. REPLAY.GBX – Replays of races.
Doom engine – Formats used by games based on the Doom engine.
DEH – DeHackEd files to mutate the game executable (not officially part of the DOOM engine) DSG – Saved game LMP – A lump is an entry in a DOOM wad. LMP – Saved demo recording MUS – Music file (usually contained within a WAD file) WAD – Data storage (contains music, maps, and textures)
Quake engine – Formats used by games based on the Quake engine.
BSP – (For Binary space partitioning) compiled map format MAP – Raw map format used by editors like GtkRadiant or QuArK MDL/MD2/MD3/MD5 – Model for an item used in the game PAK/PK2 – Data storage PK3/PK4 – used by the Quake II, Quake III Arena and Quake 4 game engines, respectively, to store game data, textures etc. They are actually .zip files. .dat – not specific file type, often generic extension for "data" files for a variety of applications sometimes used for general data contained within the .PK3/PK4 files .fontdat – a .dat file used for formatting game fonts .roq – Video format .sav – Savegame format
Unreal Engine – Formats used by games based on the Unreal engine.
U – Unreal script format UAX – Animations format for Unreal Engine 2 UMX – Map format for Unreal Tournament UMX – Music format for Unreal Engine 1 UNR – Map format for Unreal UPK – Package format for cooked content in Unreal Engine 3 USX – Sound format for Unreal Engine 1 and Unreal Engine 2 UT2 – Map format for Unreal Tournament 2003 and Unreal Tournament 2004 UT3 – Map format for Unreal Tournament 3 UTX – Texture format for Unreal Engine 1 and Unreal Engine 2 UXX – Cache format; these are files a client downloaded from server (which can be converted to regular formats)
Duke Nukem 3D Engine – Formats used by games based on this engine
DMO – Save game GRP – Data storage MAP – Map (usually constructed with BUILD.EXE)
Diablo Engine – Formats used by Diablo by Blizzard Entertainment.
SV – Save Game ITM – Item File
Real Virtuality Engine – Formats used by Bohemia Interactive. Operation:Flashpoint, ARMA 2, VBS2
SQF – Format used for general editing SQM – Format used for mission files PBO – Binarized file used for compiled models LIP – Format that is created from WAV files to create in-game accurate lip-synch for character animations.
Source Engine - Formats used by Valve Software. Half-Life 2, Counter-Strike: Source, Day of Defeat: Source, Half-Life 2: Episode One, Team Fortress 2, Half-Life 2: Episode Two, Portal, Left 4 Dead, Left 4 Dead 2, Alien Swarm, Portal 2, Counter-Strike: Global Offensive, Titanfall, Insurgency, Titanfall 2, Day of Infamy
VMF - Valve Hammer Map editor raw map file BSP - Source Engine compiled map file MDL - Source Engine model format SMD - Source Engine uncompiled model format PCF - Source Engine particle effect file HL2 - Half-Life 2 save format DEM - Source Engine demo format VPK - Source Engine pack format VTF - Source Engine texture format VMT - Source Engine material format.
B – used for Grand Theft Auto saved game files BOL – used for levels on Poing!PC DBPF – The Sims 2, DBPF, Package DIVA – Project DIVA timings, element co?rdinates, MP3 references, notes, animation poses and scores. ESM, ESP - Master and Plugin data archives for the Creation Engine HE0, HE2, HE4 HE games File GCF – format used by the Steam content management system for file archives IMG – format used by Renderware-based Grand Theft Auto games for data storage LOVE – format used by the LOVE2D Engine MAP – format used by Halo: Combat Evolved for archive compression, Doom3, and various other games MCA – format used by Minecraft for storing data for in-game worlds MCADDON – format used by the Windows 10 Edition of Minecraft for add-ons MCFUNCTION – format used by Minecraft for storing functions MCMETA – format used by Minecraft for storing data for customizable texture packs for the game MCPACK – format used by the Windows 10 Edition of Minecraft for in-game texture packs MCR - format used by Minecraft for storing data for in-game worlds before version 1.2 MCTEMPLATE – format used by the Windows 10 Edition of Minecraft for world templates MCWORLD – format used by the Windows 10 Edition of Minecraft for in-game worlds NBT – format used by Minecraft for storing program variables along with their (Java) type identifiers OEC – format used by OE-Cake for scene data storage OSK – osu! compressed skin data OSR – osu! replay data OSU – osu! beatmap data P3D – format for panda3d by Disney POD – format used by Terminal Reality RCT – Used for templates and save files in RollerCoaster Tycoon games REP – used by Blizzard Entertainment for scenario replays in StarCraft. Simcity 4, DBPF (.dat, .SC4Lot, .SC4Model) – All game plugins use this format, commonly with different file extensions SMZIP – ZIP-based package for Stepmania songs, themes and announcer packs. USLD – format used by Unison Shift to store level layouts. VVVVVV – format used by VVVVVV CPS – format used by The Powder Toy, Powder Toy save STM – format used by The Powder Toy, Powder Toy stamp PKG – format used by Bungie for the PC Beta of Destiny 2, for nearly all the game's assets. CHR - format used by Team Salvato, for the character files of Doki Doki Literature Club! Z5 - format used by Z-machine for story files in interactive fiction.
List of the most common filename extensions used when a game’s ROM image or storage medium is copied from an original read-only memory (ROM) device to an external memory such as hard disk for back up purposes or for making the game playable with an emulator. In the case of cartridge-based software, if the platform specific extension is not used then filename extensions “.rom” or “.bin” are usually used to clarify that the file contains a copy of a content of a ROM. ROM, disk or tape images usually do not consist of one file or ROM, rather an entire file or ROM structure contained within one file on the backup medium.
A26 – Atari 2600 (.a26) A52 – Atari 5200 (.a52) A78 – Atari 7800 (.a78) LNX – Atari Lynx (.lnx) JAG,J64 – Atari Jaguar (.jag, .j64) ISO, WBFS, WAD, WDF – Wii (.iso, .wbfs, .wad, .wdf) GCM, ISO – GameCube (.gcm, .iso) NDS – Nintendo DS (.nds) 3DS – Nintendo 3DS (.3ds) CIA – Installation File (.cia) GB – Game Boy (.gb) (this applies to the original Game Boy and the Game Boy Color) GBC – Game Boy Color (.gbc) GBA – Game Boy Advance (.gba) GBA – Game Boy Advance (.gba) SAV – Game Boy Advance Saved Data Files (.sav) SGM – Visual Boy Advance Save States (.sgm) N64, V64, Z64, U64, USA, JAP, PAL, EUR, BIN – Nintendo 64 (.n64, .v64, .z64, .u64, .usa, .jap, .pal, .eur, .bin) PJ – Project 64 Save States (.pj) NES – Nintendo Entertainment System (.nes) FDS – Famicom Disk System (.fds) JST – Jnes Save States (.jst) FC? – FCEUX Save States (.fc#, where # is any character, usually a number) GG – Game Gear (.gg) SMS – Master System (.sms) SG – SG-1000 (.sg) SMD,BIN – Mega Drive/Genesis (.smd or .bin) 32X – Sega 32X (.32x) SMC,078,SFC – Super NES (.smc, .078, or .sfc) (.078 is for split ROMs, which are rare) FIG – Super Famicom (Japanese releases are rarely .fig, above extensions are more common) SRM – Super NES Saved Data Files (.srm) ZST – ZSNES Save States (.zst, .zs1-.zs9, .z10-.z99) FRZ – Snes9X Save States (.frz, .000-.008) PCE – TurboGrafx-16/PC Engine (.pce) NPC, NGP – Neo Geo Pocket (.npc, .ngp) NGC – Neo Geo Pocket Color (.ngc) VB – Virtual Boy (.vb) INT – Intellivision (.int) MIN – Pokémon Mini (.min) VEC – Vectrex (.vec) BIN – Odyssey2 (.bin) WS – WonderSwan (.ws) WSC – WonderSwan Color (.wsc) TZX – ZX Spectrum (.tzx) (for exact copies of ZX Spectrum games) TAP – for tape images without copy protection Z80,SNA – (for snapshots of the emulator RAM) DSK – (for disk images) TAP – Commodore 64 (.tap) (for tape images including copy protection) T64 – (for tape images without copy protection, considerably smaller than .tap files) D64 – (for disk images) CRT – (for cartridge images) ADF – Amiga (.adf) (for 880K diskette images) ADZ – GZip-compressed version of the above. DMS – Disk Masher System, previously used as a disk-archiving system native to the Amiga, also supported by emulators.
Microsoft Virtual PC, Virtual Server
VFD – Virtual Floppy Disk (.vfd) VHD – Virtual Hard Disk (.vhd) VUD – Virtual Undo Disk (.vud) VMC – Virtual Machine Configuration (.vmc) VSV – Virtual Machine Saved State (.vsv)
EMC VMware ESX, GSX, Workstation, Player
LOG – Virtual Machine Logfile (.log) VMDK, DSK – Virtual Machine Disk (.vmdk, .dsk) NVRAM – Virtual Machine BIOS (.nvram) VMEM – Virtual Machine paging file (.vmem) VMSD – Virtual Machine snapshot metadata (.vmsd) VMSN – Virtual Machine snapshot (.vmsn) VMSS,STD – Virtual Machine suspended state (.vmss, .std) VMTM – Virtual Machine team data (.vmtm) VMX,CFG – Virtual Machine configuration (.vmx, .cfg) VMXF – Virtual Machine team configuration (.vmxf)
VDI – VirtualBox Virtual Disk Image (.vdi)
Main article: Parallels Workstation
HDD – Virtual Machine hard disk (.hdd)
PVS – Virtual Machine preferences/configuration (.pvs) SAV – Virtual Machine saved state (.sav)
COW – Copy-on-write QCOW – QEMU copy-on-write Qcow QCOW2 – QEMU copy-on-write – version 2 Qcow QED – QEMU enhanced disk format
DTD – Document Type Definition (standard), MUST be public and free HTML (.html, .htm) – HyperText Markup Language XHTML (.xhtml, .xht) – eXtensible HyperText Markup Language MHTML (.mht, .mhtml) – Archived HTML, store all data on one web page (text, images, etc.) in one big file MAF (.maff) – web archive based on ZIP
ASP (.asp) – Microsoft Active Server Page ASPX – (.aspx) – Microsoft Active Server Page. NET ADP – AOLserver Dynamic Page BML – (.bml) – Better Markup Language (templating) CFM – (.cfm) – ColdFusion CGI – (.cgi) iHTML – (.ihtml) – Inline HTML JSP – (.jsp) JavaServer Pages Lasso – (.las, .lasso, .lassoapp) – A file created or served with the Lasso Programming Language PL – Perl (.pl) PHP – (.php, .php?, .phtml) – ? is version number (previously abbreviated Personal Home Page, later changed to PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor) RNA[permanent dead link] – (.rna) – Real Native Application File R[permanent dead link] – (.r) – Real Native Application File (short alternative) RNX[permanent dead link] – (.rnx) – Real Native Application File (using experimental version 6 of RNA/Karbon Language) SSI – (.shtml) – HTML with Server Side Includes (Apache) SSI – (.stm) – HTML with Server Side Includes (Apache)
Atom – (.atom, .xml) – Another syndication format EML – (.eml) – Format used by several desktop email clients JSON-LD – (.jsonld) – A JSON-based Serialization for Linked Data Metalink – (.metalink, .met) – A format to list metadata about downloads, such as mirrors, checksums, and other information. RSS – (.rss, .xml) – Syndication format Markdown – (.markdown, .md) – A light-weight, plain-text, easy to read and write markup language. Shuttle – (.se) – lightweight markup language
AXD – cookie extensions found in temporary internet folder BDF – Binary Data Format – raw data from recovered blocks of unallocated space on a hard drive CBP – CD Box Labeler Pro, CentraBuilder, Code::Blocks Project File, Conlab Project CEX – SolidWorks Enterprise PDM Vault File COL – Nintendo GameCube proprietary collision file (.col) CREDX – CredX Dat File DDB – Generating code for Vocaloid singers voice (see .DDI) DDI – Vocaloid phoneme library (Japanese, English, Korean, Spanish, Chinese, Catalan) DUPX – DuupeCheck database management tool project file FTM - Family Tree Maker data file FTMB - Family Tree Maker backup file GA3 – Graphical Analysis 3 GEDCOM (.ged) – (GEnealogical Data COMmunication) format to exchange genealogy data between different genealogy software HLP – Windows help file IGC – flight tracks downloaded from GPS devices in the FAI's prescribed format INF – similar format to INI file; used to install device drivers under Windows, inter alia. JAM – JAM Message Base Format for BBSes KMC – tests made with KatzReview's MegaCrammer KCL – Nintendo GameCube/Wii proprietary collision file (.kcl) LNK - Microsoft Windows format for Hyperlinks to Executables LSM – LSMaker script file (program using layered .jpg to create special effects; specifically designed to render lightsabers from the Star Wars universe) (.lsm) NARC - Archive format used in Nintendo DS games. OER – AU OER Tool, Open Educational Resource editor PA – Used to assign sound effects to materials in KCL files (.pa) PIF – Used to run MS-DOS programs under Windows POR – So called "portable" SPSS files, readable by PSPP PXZ – Compressed file to exchange media elements with PSALMO RISE – File containing RISE generated information model evolution TOPC – TopicCrunch SEO Project file holding keywords, domain and search engine settings (ASCII); TOS – Character file from The Only Sheet XLF – Utah State University Extensible LADAR Format XMC – Assisted contact lists format, based on XML and used in kindergartens and schools ZED – My Heritage Family Tree Zone file – a text file containing a DNS zone
ANI – Animated cursor CUR – Cursor file Smes – Hawk's Dock configuration file
General data formats
These file formats are fairly well defined by long-term use or a general standard, but the content of each file is often highly specific to particular software or has been extended by further standards for specific uses.
Generic file extensions
These are filename extensions and broad types reused frequently with differing formats or no specific format by different programs.
Bak file (.bak, .bk) – various backup formats: some just copies of data files, some in application-specific data backup formats, some formats for general file backup programs BIN – binary data, often memory dumps of executable code or data to be re-used by the same software that originated it DAT – data file, usually binary data proprietary to the program that created it DSK – file representations of various disk storage images RAW – raw (unprocessed) data
configuration file (.cnf, .conf, .cfg) – substantially software-specific logfiles (.log) – usually text, but sometimes binary plain text (.asc or .txt) – human-readable plain text, usually no more specific
Differences and patches
diff – text file differences created by the program diff and applied as updates by patch
!UT (.!ut) – partly complete uTorrent download CRDOWNLOAD (.crdownload) – partly complete Google Chrome download OPDOWNLOAD (.opdownload) – partly complete Opera download PART (.part) – partly complete Mozilla Firefox or Transmission download PARTIAL (.partial) – partly complete Internet Explorer or Microsoft Edge download
Temporary file (.temp, .tmp, various others) – sometimes in a specific format, but often just raw data in the middle of processing Pseudo-pipeline file – used to simulate a software pipe
List of file formats (alphabetical) MIME#Content-Type, a standard for referring to file formats List of motion and gesture file formats List of file signatures, or "magic numbers"
"Filename extension definition". The Linux Information Project. Retrieved 1 February 2019. "What Is a Cabinet (.cab) File?". microsoft.com. Microsoft. "3D printing with Windows 10". microsoft.com. Microsoft. "www.datacad.com – DataCAD Revision History". datacad.com. "How to export a design in Fusion 360". Autodesk Knowledge Network. "Reagency Systems – easyOFFER the OREA and TREB real estate forms software solution details". reagency.ca. "GML Format". gephi.org. "Create, manage, and import swatches in InDesign". helpx.adobe.com. Retrieved 24 September 2018. "Swatch Book - Inkscape Wiki". wiki.inkscape.org. Retrieved 24 September 2018. "Palette Docker — Krita Manual version 4.1". docs.krita.org. Retrieved 24 September 2018. "v1.2 Palette · mypaint/mypaint Wiki". GitHub. Retrieved 24 September 2018. "http://www.bitsavers.org/pdf/perq/accent_S5/Accent_UsersManual_1984/" RSTS-11 System Users Guide (PDF) (DEC-11-ORSUA-D-D (RSTS/E V06A-02) ed.). Digital Equipment Corporation. 1975. pp. 2–16–2–17. Retrieved 22 March 2011. JEFF specification with notes on the ISO comments / INTERNATIONAL J CONSORTIUM SPECIFICATION – JEFF File Format. "Setting Up and Using PuTTY". wipo.int. "How To Convert Your Putty .ppk Private Key To A Normal SSH Key" Archived 11 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine Leo Notenboom. "How do I create and use Public Keys with SSH?" "SAC Data File Format". Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology. "Standard for the Exchange of Earthquake Data" (PDF). Data Formats. IRIS (Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology). Retrieved 5 May 2016. "What is WIN system?" (in Japanese). Earthquake Observation Center, Earthquake Research Institute, U. Tokyo, Japan. Archived from the original on 2 April 2016. Retrieved 5 May 2016. "TAK". hydrogenaud.io. Tim Fisher. "BRSTM File (What It Is & How To Open One)". About.com Tech. Computer Knowledge. "File Extension .AST Details". filext.com. love2d.org "MCA File Extension". FileInfo.com. Retrieved 26 December 2018. Computer Knowledge. "File Extension .VVVVVV Details". filext.com. ".GCM file extension! [Archive] – EmuTalk.net". emutalk.net. Computer Knowledge. "File Extension .CBP Details". Archived from the original on 28 July 2009. Retrieved 26 July 2009. 090707 filext.com
File formats at Curlie
v t e Computer files
Binary file / text file File format List of file formats File signatures Magic number Metafile Sidecar file Sparse file Swap file System file Temporary file Zero-byte file
Filename 8.3 filename Long filename Filename mangling Filename extension List of filename extensions File attribute Extended file attributes File size Hidden file / Hidden directory
Directory/folder NTFS junction point Temporary folder Directory structure File sequence File system Filesystem Hierarchy Standard Path
Open Close Read Write
Alias File descriptor Hard link Shadow Shortcut Symbolic link
File comparison File compression File manager Comparison of file managers File system permissions File transfer File sharing File verification