CUMCM→MCM/ICM→NPMCM:关于国赛(全国大学生、研究生、博士研究生数学建模竞赛)和美赛中的数学的专业词汇详细攻略—美国数学建模竞赛

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数学专业词汇

A

absolute value 绝对值 accept 接受  acceptable region 接受域

additivity 可加性    adjusted 调整的  alternative hypothesis 对立假设analysis 分析  analysis of covariance 协方差分析 analysis of variance 方差分析 arithmetic mean 算术平均值 association 相关性 assumption 假设 assumption checking 假设检验 availability 有效度average 均值

B

 balanced 平衡的 band 带宽 bar chart 条形图beta-distribution 贝塔分布 between groups 组间的 bias 偏倚 binomial distribution 二项分布 binomial test 二项检验

C

calculate 计算 case 个案 category 类别 center of gravity 重心 central tendency 中心趋势 chi-square distribution 卡方分布 chi-square test 卡方检验 classify 分类 cluster analysis 聚类分析 coefficient 系数 coefficient of correlation 相关系数 collinearity 共线性 column 列 compare 比较 comparison 对照 components 构成,分量 compound 复合的 confidence interval 置信区间 consistency 一致性 constant 常数continuous variable 连续变量 control charts 控制图 correlation 相关 covariance 协方差 covariance matrix 协方差矩阵 critical point 临界点critical value 临界值 crosstab 列联表cubic 三次的,立方的 cubic term 三次项 cumulative distribution function 累加分布函数 curve estimation 曲线估计

D

data 数据 default 默认的 definition 定义 deleted residual 剔除残差density function 密度函数 dependent variable 因变量 description 描述 design of experiment 试验设计 deviations 差异 df.(degree of freedom) 自由度 diagnostic 诊断 dimension 维 discrete variable 离散变量 discriminant function 判别函数 discriminatory analysis 判别分析 distance 距离 distribution 分布D-optimal design D-优化设计

E

eaqual 相等 effects of interaction 交互效应 efficiency 有效性eigenvalue 特征值 equal size 等含量 equation 方程 error 误差 estimate 估计 estimation of parameters 参数估计 estimations 估计量 evaluate 衡量 exact value 精确值expectation 期望 expected value 期望值 exponential 指数的 exponential distributon 指数分布 extreme value 极值

 F factor 因素,因子 factor analysis 因子分析 factor score 因子得分 factorial designs 析因设计 factorial experiment 析因试验 fit 拟合fitted line 拟合线 fitted value 拟合值 fixed model 固定模型 fixed variable 固定变量 fractional factorial design 部分析因设计 frequency 频数 F-test F检验 full factorial design 完全析因设计function 函数

G

gamma distribution 伽玛分布 geometric mean 几何均值 group 组

H

harmomic mean 调和均值 heterogeneity 不齐性histogram 直方图 homogeneity 齐性 homogeneity of variance 方差齐性 hypothesis 假设 hypothesis test 假设检验

I

independence 独立 independent variable 自变量independent-samples 独立样本 index 指数 index of correlation 相关指数 interaction 交互作用 interclass correlation 组内相关 interval estimate 区间估计 intraclass correlation 组间相关 inverse 倒数的iterate 迭代

K

kernal 核 Kolmogorov-Smirnov test柯尔莫哥洛夫-斯米诺夫检验 kurtosis 峰度

L

large sample problem 大样本问题 layer 层least-significant difference 最小显著差数 least-square estimation 最小二乘估计 least-square method 最小二乘法 level 水平 level of significance 显著性水平 leverage value 中心化杠杆值 life 寿命 life test 寿命试验 likelihood function 似然函数 likelihood ratio test 似然比检验 linear 线性的 linear estimator 线性估计linear model 线性模型 linear regression 线性回归 linear relation 线性关系 linear term 线性项 logarithmic 对数的 logarithms 对数 logistic 逻辑的 lost function 损失函数

M

main effect 主效应 matrix 矩阵 maximum 最大值 maximum likelihood estimation 极大似然估计 mean squared deviation(MSD) 均方差 mean sum of square 均方和 measure 衡量 media 中位数 M-estimator M估计minimum 最小值 missing values 缺失值 mixed model 混合模型 mode 众数model 模型Monte Carle method 蒙特卡罗法 moving average 移动平均值multicollinearity 多元共线性multiple comparison 多重比较 multiple correlation 多重相关 multiple correlation coefficient 复相关系数 multiple correlation coefficient 多元相关系数 multiple regression analysis 多元回归分析 multiple regression equation 多元回归方程 multiple response 多响应 multivariate analysis 多元分析

N

 negative relationship 负相关 nonadditively 不可加性 nonlinear 非线性 nonlinear regression 非线性回归 noparametric tests 非参数检验 normal distribution 正态分布 null hypothesis 零假设 number of cases 个案数

O

one-sample 单样本 one-tailed test 单侧检验 one-way ANOVA 单向方差分析 one-way classification 单向分类 optimal 优化的optimum allocation 最优配制 order 排序order statistics 次序统计量 origin 原点orthogonal 正交的 outliers 异常值

P

 paired observations 成对观测数据 paired-sample 成对样本 parameter 参数parameter estimation 参数估计 partial correlation 偏相关partial correlation coefficient 偏相关系数 partial regression coefficient 偏回归系数 percent 百分数 percentiles 百分位数 pie chart 饼图 point estimate 点估计 poisson distribution 泊松分布 polynomial curve 多项式曲线 polynomial regression 多项式回归 polynomials 多项式positive relationship 正相关 power 幂P-P plot P-P概率图 predict 预测 predicted value 预测值 prediction intervals 预测区间 principal component analysis 主成分分析 proability 概率 probability density function 概率密度函数 probit analysis 概率分析 proportion 比例

Q

qadratic 二次的 Q-Q plot Q-Q概率图 quadratic term 二次项 quality control 质量控制 quantitative 数量的,度量的 quartiles 四分位数

R

random 随机的 random number 随机数 random number 随机数 random sampling 随机取样 random seed 随机数种子 random variable 随机变量 randomization 随机化 range 极差 rank 秩 rank correlation 秩相关 rank statistic 秩统计量 regression analysis 回归分析 regression coefficient 回归系数 regression line 回归线 reject 拒绝 rejection region 拒绝域 relationship 关系 reliability 可*性 repeated 重复的 report 报告,报表 residual 残差 residual sum of squares 剩余平方和 response 响应 risk function 风险函数 robustness 稳健性 root mean square 标准差 row 行 run 游程 run test 游程检验

S

ample 样本 sample size 样本容量 sample space 样本空间 sampling 取样 sampling inspection 抽样检验 scatter chart 散点图 S-curve S形曲线 separately 单独地 sets 集合 sign test 符号检验 significance 显著性 significance level 显著性水平 significance testing 显著性检验 significant 显著的,有效的 significant digits 有效数字 skewed distribution 偏态分布 skewness 偏度 small sample problem 小样本问题 smooth 平滑 sort 排序 soruces of variation 方差来源 space 空间 spread 扩展 square 平方 standard deviation 标准离差 standard error of mean 均值的标准误差 standardization 标准化 standardize 标准化 statistic 统计量 statistical quality control 统计质量控制 std. residual 标准残差 stepwise regression analysis 逐步回归 stimulus 刺激 strong assumption 强假设 stud. deleted residual 学生化剔除残差 stud. residual 学生化残差 subsamples 次级样本 sufficient statistic 充分统计量 sum 和 sum of squares 平方和 summary 概括,综述

 T

table 表 t-distribution t分布 test 检验 test criterion 检验判据 test for linearity 线性检验 test of goodness of fit 拟合优度检验 test of homogeneity 齐性检验 test of independence 独立性检验 test rules 检验法则 test statistics 检验统计量 testing function 检验函数 time series 时间序列 tolerance limits 容许限 total 总共,和 transformation 转换 treatment 处理 trimmed mean 截尾均值 true value 真值 t-test t检验 two-tailed test 双侧检验

U

unbalanced 不平衡的 unbiased estimation 无偏估计 unbiasedness 无偏性 uniform distribution 均匀分布

V

 value of estimator 估计值 variable 变量 variance 方差 variance components 方差分量 variance ratio 方差比 various 不同的 vector 向量

W

 weight 加权,权重 weighted average 加权平均值 within groups 组内的

Z

Z score Z分数

 

2. 最优化方法词汇英汉对照表

A

active constraint 活动约束 active set method 活动集法 analytic gradient 解析梯度 approximate 近似 arbitrary 强制性的 argument 变量 attainment factor 达到因子

B

 bandwidth 带宽 be equivalent to 等价于 best-fit 最佳拟合 bound 边界

C

coefficient 系数 complex-value 复数值 component 分量 constant 常数 constrained 有约束的 constraint 约束 constraint function 约束函数 continuous 连续的 converge 收敛 cubic polynomial interpolation method

三次多项式插值法 curve-fitting 曲线拟合

D

data-fitting 数据拟合 default 默认的,默认的 define 定义 diagonal 对角的 direct search method 直接搜索法 direction of search 搜索方向 discontinuous 不连续

E

eigenvalue 特征值 empty matrix 空矩阵 equality 等式 exceeded 溢出的

F

feasible 可行的 feasible solution 可行解 finite-difference 有限差分 first-order 一阶

G

Gauss-Newton method 高斯-牛顿法 goal attainment problem 目标达到问题 gradient 梯度 gradient method 梯度法

H

 handle 句柄 Hessian matrix 海色矩阵

I

 ndependent variables 独立变量 inequality 不等式 infeasibility 不可行性 infeasible 不可行的 initial feasible solution 初始可行解 initialize 初始化 inverse 逆 invoke 激活 iteration 迭代 iteration 迭代

J

Jacobian 雅可比矩阵

L

Lagrange multiplier 拉格朗日乘子 large-scale 大型的 least square 最小二乘 least squares sense 最小二乘意义上的 Levenberg-Marquardt method 列文伯格-马夸尔特法 line search 一维搜索 linear 线性的 linear equality constraints 线性等式约束 linear programming problem 线性规划问题 local solution 局部解

M medium-scale 中型的 minimize 最小化 mixed quadratic and cubic polynomial interpolation and extrapolation method 混合二次、三次多项式内插、外插法 multiobjective 多目标的

N

nonlinear 非线性的 norm 范数

O

objective function 目标函数 observed data 测量数据 optimization routine 优化过程 optimize 优化 optimizer 求解器 over-determined system 超定系统

P

parameter 参数 partial derivatives 偏导数 polynomial interpolation method 多项式插值法

Q

quadratic 二次的 quadratic interpolation method 二次内插法 quadratic programming 二次规划

R

 real-value 实数值 residuals 残差 robust 稳健的 robustness 稳健性,鲁棒性

S scalar 标量 semi-infinitely problem 半无限问题 Sequential Quadratic Programming method 序列二次规划法 simplex search method 单纯形法 solution 解 sparse matrix 稀疏矩阵 sparsity pattern 稀疏模式 sparsity structure 稀疏结构 starting point 初始点 step length 步长 subspace trust region method 子空间置信域法 sum-of-squares 平方和 symmetric matrix 对称矩阵

T

termination message 终止信息 termination tolerance 终止容限 the exit condition 退出条件 the method of steepest descent 最速下降法 transpose 转置

U

unconstrained 无约束的 under-determined system 负定系统

V

variable 变量 vector 矢量

W

weighting matrix 加权矩阵

 

3 样条词汇英汉对照表

A

approximation 逼近 array 数组 a spline in b-form/b-spline b样条 a spline of polynomial piece /ppform spline 分段多项式样条

B

bivariate spline function 二元样条函数 break/breaks 断点

C

coefficient/coefficients 系数 cubic interpolation 三次插值/三次内插 cubic polynomial 三次多项式 cubic smoothing spline 三次平滑样条 cubic spline 三次样条 cubic spline interpolation 三次样条插值/三次样条内插 curve 曲线

D

degree of freedom 自由度 dimension 维数

E

end conditions 约束条件 input argument 输入参数 interpolation 插值/内插 interval 取值区间

K

knot/knots 节点

L

least-squares approximation 最小二乘拟合

M

multiplicity 重次 multivariate function 多元函数

O

optional argument 可选参数 order 阶次 output argument 输出参数

P point/points 数据点

R

rational spline 有理样条 rounding error 舍入误差(相对误差)

S

scalar 标量 sequence 数列(数组) spline 样条 spline approximation 样条逼近/样条拟合spline function 样条函数 spline curve 样条曲线 spline interpolation 样条插值/样条内插 spline surface 样条曲面 smoothing spline 平滑样条

T

tolerance 允许精度

U

univariate function 一元函数

V

vector 向量

W

weight/weights 权重

4 偏微分方程数值解词汇英汉对照表

A

absolute error 绝对误差 absolute tolerance 绝对容限 adaptive mesh 适应性网格

B

boundary condition 边界条件

C

contour plot 等值线图 converge 收敛 coordinate 坐标系

D

decomposed 分解的 decomposed geometry matrix 分解几何矩阵 diagonal matrix 对角矩阵 Dirichlet boundary conditions Dirichlet边界条件

E

eigenvalue 特征值 elliptic 椭圆形的 error estimate 误差估计 exact solution 精确解

G

generalized Neumann boundary condition 推广的Neumann边界条件 geometry 几何形状 geometry description matrix 几何描述矩阵 geometry matrix 几何矩阵 graphical user interface(GUI) 图形用户界面

H

hyperbolic 双曲线的

I

initial mesh 初始网格

J

jiggle 微调

L

Lagrange multipliers 拉格朗日乘子 Laplace equation 拉普拉斯方程 linear interpolation 线性插值 loop 循环

M

machine precision 机器精度 mixed boundary condition 混合边界条件

N

Neuman boundary condition Neuman边界条件 node point 节点 nonlinear solver 非线性求解器 normal vector 法向量

P

Parabolic 抛物线型的 partial differential equation 偏微分方程 plane strain 平面应变 plane stress 平面应力 Poisson's equation 泊松方程 polygon 多边形 positive definite 正定

Q

quality 质量

R

refined triangular mesh 加密的三角形网格 relative tolerance 相对容限 relative tolerance 相对容限 residual 残差 residual norm 残差范数

S

singular 奇异的
 

代数中专业英语词汇

(0,2) 插值||(0,2) interpolation
0#||zero-sharp; 读作零井或零开。
0+||zero-dagger; 读作零正。
1-因子||1-factor
3-流形||3-manifold; 又称“三维流形”。
AIC准则||AIC criterion, Akaike information criterion
Ap 权||Ap-weight
A稳定性||A-stability, absolute stability
A最优设计||A-optimal design
BCH 码||BCH code, Bose-Chaudhuri-Hocquenghem code
BIC准则||BIC criterion, Bayesian modification of the AIC
BMOA函数||analytic function of bounded mean oscillation; 全称“有界平均振动解析函数”。
BMO鞅||BMO martingale
BSD猜想||Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer conjecture; 全称“伯奇与斯温纳顿-戴尔猜想”。
B样条||B-spline
C*代数||C*-algebra; 读作“C星代数”。
C0 类函数||function of class C0; 又称“连续函数类”。
CAT准则||CAT criterion, criterion for autoregressive
CM域||CM field
CN 群||CN-group
CW 复形的同调||homology of CW complex
CW复形||CW complex
CW复形的同伦群||homotopy group of CW complexes
CW剖分||CW decomposition
Cn 类函数||function of class Cn; 又称“n次连续可微函数类”。
Cp统计量||Cp-statistic
C。类半群||semi-group of class C。
C∞类函数||function of class C∞; 又称“无穷次连续可微函数类”。
Cω 类函数||function of class Cω; 又称“实解析类函数类”。
DF空间||(DF)-space; 一种可数的拟桶型空间。
D最优设计||D-optimal design
E最优设计||E-optimal design
F 分布||F-distribution, Fisher distribution
F 检验||F-test
FPE准则||FPE criterion, final prediction error criterion
Fσ集||Fσ  set
G 等价态射||G-equivalent morphism
Gδ集||Gδ set
G结构||G-structure
G最优设计||G-optimal design
H'空间||H'-space
Hom函子||Hom functor
Hp 空间||Hp-space; 又称“哈代空间”。
Hp鞅||Hp-martingale
H空间||H-space
I进拓扑||I-adic topology
K 拟共形映射||K-quasi-conformal mapping
KAM理论||Kolmogorov-Arnold-Moser  theory
KC 方程||Kolmogorov-Chapman equation; 全称“科尔莫戈罗夫-查普曼方程”。
KdV方程||KdV equation, Korteweg-de Vries equation
L p 空间||L p-space
L 估计||L-estimator
LF 空间||(LF)-space; 弗雷歇空间序列的严格归纳极限。
LR 方法||LR method
LS临界点||LS critical point
LS临界值||LS critical value
M 估计||M-estimator
NP 问题||NP problem
PI代数||algebra with polynomial identities, PI-algebra
PRD 格式||Peaceman-Rachford-Douglas scheme; 全称“皮斯曼-拉什福德-道格拉斯格式”。
P函数||P-function
P基||P-basis
Q 过程||Q-process
Q 矩阵||Q-matrix
QR 方法||QR method
QR 分解||QR decomposition
R 估计||R-estimator
R 模范畴||category of R-modules
R-S 码||Reed-Solomon code
RSA体制||RSA system, Rivest-Shamir-Adelman system
SL问题||Sturm-Liouville boundary problem; 全称“施图姆-刘维尔边值问题”。
S概形||S-scheme
S态射||S-morphism
T0空间||T0 space
T1 空间||T1 space
T2 空间||T2 space
T2 拓扑空间的基本群||fundamental group of T2  topological space
T2 拓扑群||T2 -topological group; 又称“豪斯多夫拓扑群(Hausdorff topological  group)”。
T2 拓扑群的完全化||completion of T2 -topological group
U 估计||U-estimator
[巴拿赫*代数的]*表示||*-representation [of Banach *-algebra ]
[巴拿赫代数的]表示||representation [of Banach algebra]
[成]对分布方法||pairs distribution method
[乘]幂法||power method
[代]码||code
[顶]点独立数||vertex independent number
[顶]点覆盖||vertex cover
[顶]点覆盖数||vertex cover number
[顶]点连通度||vertex connectivity
[非线性]弗雷德霍姆算子||[non-linear] Fredholm operator
[非线性]紧算子||[non-linear] compact operator
[非线性]全连续算子||[non-linear] completely continuous operator
[赋范环元的]谱||spectrum [of element in normed ring]
[高斯-]赛德尔迭代[法]||[Gauss-]Seidel iteration
[固]定步长||fixed step size
[轨]迹||trail
[积分变换的]核||kernel of integral transform
[集]半环||semi-ring of sets
[交换巴拿赫代数的]根||radical [of commutative Banach algebra ]
[可]变步长||variable step size
[零元的]基本邻域系||fundamental system of neighborhoods of zero element
[施瓦兹]广义函数||[Schwartz] generalized function, distribution
[数学]期望||[mathematical] expectation
[顺]序极限||order limit
[顺]序收敛性||order convergence
[统计]决策函数||statistical decision function
[无穷小]生成元||infinitesimal generator
[样本]轨道||path, trajectory
[有限]差分||difference, finite difference
[正]方形网格||square net, square mesh
[自]适应积分||[self-]adaptive integration
[自]适应系统||adaptive system
d 群||d-group
d重嵌入||d-uple imbedding
k分图||k-nary graph
k重混合条件||k-fold mixing condition
l p 空间||l p-space
l 进表示||l-adic representation
l进上同调||l-adic cohomology
n 步决策||n-stage decision
n 次空间曲线||space curve of order n
n 连通[的]||n-connected
n 人常和对策||n-person constant-sum game
n 人对策||n-person game
n 人合作对策||n-person cooperative game
n 人零和对策||n-person zero-sum game
n 人一般和对策||n-person general sum game
n次微分[形]式||n-form; 简称“n形式”。
n单空间||n-simple space
n立方图||n-cube
n元运算||n-ary operation
n元组||n-tuple
p 初等群||p-elementary group
p 共轭元||p-conjugate element
p 进表示||p-adic representation
p 进李群||p-adic Lie group
p 块||p-block
p 群||p-group
p 正则元||p-regular element
p进 L 函数||p-adic L-function
p进绝对值||p-adic absolute value
p进模形式||p-adic modular form
p进数||p-adic number
p进数域||p-adic number field
p进形式群||p-adic formal group
p进整数||p-adic integer
q展开式||q-expansion formula
r 重传递群||r-fold transitive group
r阶平均收敛||convergence in mean of order r
s弧传递图||s-arc transitive graph
t 分布||t-distribution, student distribution
t 检验||t-test
u 检验||u-test
“0.618”法||“0.618”  method; 又称“近似黄金分割法(approximate golden section method)”。
[表达]式||expression
[代数]簇||[algebraic] variety
[单形的]面||face of simplex
[单形的]真面||proper face of a  simplex
[分]支点||branching point, ramification point
[集合]指示函数||indicator [of a set]
[曲]面积分||surface integral
[十进]小数||decimal
[双边]理想||[two-sided] ideal
[循]环排列||circular permutation
[亚纯函数的]特征函数||characteristic function [of meromorphic function]
[增长]级||growth order
[整函数的]亏格||genus [of entire function]
[整函数的]型||type [of entire function]
[坐标]卡||chart
Γ分布||Γ-distribution, gamma-distribution
Γ函数||gamma-function; 又称“第二类欧拉积分 (Euler integral of the second kind)”。
Ω稳定性||Ω-stability, omega-stability
α递归性||α-recursion, alpha-recursion
α极限点||α-limit point, alpha-limit point; 又称“负向极限点”。
α极限集合||α-limit set, alpha-limit set
α容量||α-capacity, alpha-capacity; 关于通信信道的一种基于α熵的容量。
α上调和函数||α-superharmonic function, alpha-superharmonic function
α修削平均||α-trimmed mean, alpha-trimmed mean
α有限||α-finite, alpha-finite
β分布||β-distribution, beta-distribution
β函数||β-function, beta-function; 又称“第一类欧拉积分 (Euler integral of the first kind)”。
δ-诺伊曼问题||δ-Neumann problem, delta-Neumann problem
δ测度||δ-measure, delta-measure
δ散射方法||δ-scattering method, delta-scattering method
ε算法||ε-algorithm, epsilon-algorithm
ε最优策略||ε-optimal policy, epsilon-optimal policy
ε熵||ε-entropy, epsilon-entropy
ζ分布||ζ-distribution, zeta-distribution
η算法||η-algorithm, eta-algorithm
θ函数||θ-function, theta-function
λ可定义函数||λ-definable function, lambda-definable function
λ系||λ-system, lambda-system
λ演算||λ-calculus, lambda-calculus
λ引理||λ-lemma, lambda-lemma
μ几乎处处||μ-almost everywhere, mu-almost everywhere
μ算子||μ-operator, mu-operator
μ映射||μ-mapping, mu-mapping
π可解群||π-solvable group, pi-solvable group
π系||π-system, pi-system
σ函数||σ-function, sigma-function
σ环||σ-ring, sigma-ring
σ局部有限族||σ-locally finite family, sigma-locally finite family
σ离散族||σ-discrete family, sigma-discrete family
σ完备||σ-complete, sigma-complete
σ有限测度空间||σ-finite measure space
σ域||σ-field, sigma-field; 又称“σ代数(σ-algebra)”。
σ域流||filtration; 随指标增加而增大的子σ域族。
τ前σ域||σ-field prior to τ, sigma-field prior to τ
φ下降法||φ-descent, phi-descent
χ2 分布||chi-square distribution
χ2 检验||chi-square test
ω极限点||ω-limit point, omega-limit point; 又称“正向极限点”。
ω极限集合||ω-limit set, omega-limit set
ω相容性||ω-consistency, omega-consistency; 曾用名“ω协调性”,“ω和谐”。
阿贝尔变换||Abel transformation
阿贝尔遍历定理||Abel ergodic theorem
阿贝尔簇||Abelian variety
阿贝尔簇的p秩||p-rank of Abelian variety
阿贝尔簇的极化||polarization of an Abelian variety
阿贝尔范畴||Abelian category
阿贝尔概形||Abelian scheme
阿贝尔函数||Abelian function
阿贝尔函数域||Abelian function field
阿贝尔化函子||abelianizing functor
阿贝尔积分||Abelian integral
阿贝尔积分方程||Abel integral equation
阿贝尔晶体||Abelian crystal
阿贝尔扩张||Abelian extension
阿贝尔李代数||Abelian Lie algebra
阿贝尔求和[法]||Abel summation [method]
阿贝尔群||Abelian group; 又称“交换群 (commutative group)”。
阿贝尔群层||sheaf of Abelian groups
阿贝尔群范畴||category of Abelian groups
阿贝尔微分||Abelian differential
阿贝尔问题||Abel problem
阿达马导数||Hadamard derivative
阿达马法||Hadamard method
阿达马矩阵||Hadamard matrix
阿达马设计||Hadamard block design
阿代尔||adéle
阿代尔环||adéle ring
阿代尔群||adéle group
阿尔巴内塞簇||Albanese variety
阿基米德公理||Archimedean axiom
阿基米德绝对值||Archimedean absolute value
阿基米德序域||Archimedean ordered field
阿诺索夫微分同胚||Anosov diffeomorphism
阿诺索夫向量场||Anosov vector field
阿佩尔二变量超几何函数||Appell hypergeometric function of two variables
阿廷L函数||Artin L-function
阿廷根数||Artin root number
阿廷环||Artinian ring
阿廷模||Artinian module
阿廷映射||Artin map
埃尔朗分布||Erlang distribution
埃尔米特-高斯求积||Hermite-Gauss quadrature
埃尔米特变换||Hermitian transformation
埃尔米特插值||Hermite interpolation
埃尔米特多项式||Hermite polynomial
埃尔米特二次型||Hermitian quadratic form
埃尔米特泛函||Hermitian functional
埃尔米特矩阵||Hermitian matrix
埃尔米特求积||Hermite quadrature
埃尔米特微分方程||Hermite differential equation
埃尔米特型核||Hermitian kernel
埃拉托色尼筛法||sieve of Eratosthenes
艾达尔||etale
艾达尔覆叠||etale covering
艾达尔上同调||etale cohomology
艾达尔态射||etale morphism
艾里微分方程||Airy differential equation
艾森斯坦多项式||Eisenstein polynomial
艾森斯坦级数||Eisenstein series
艾特肯2 法||Aitken 2 method, Aitken 2 process
艾特肯插值算法||Aitken interpolation algorithm
爱因斯坦方程||Einstein equation
鞍点||saddle point; 常微分方程组的一种孤立奇点。
鞍点定理||saddle point theorem
鞍点对策||saddle point game
鞍函数||saddle-function
鞍函数的凹闭包||concave closure of saddle function
鞍函数的凸闭包||convex closure of saddle function
鞍形分界线环||saddle separatrix
鞍形连接||saddle connection
按对平衡区组设计||pairwise balanced block design
按年龄更换策略||age replacement policy
凹[性]||concavity
凹多边形||concave polygon
凹多面体||concave polyhedron
凹规划||concave programming
凹函数||concave function
凹算子||concave operator; 指在具正锥的巴拿赫空间中。
凹凸[二元]函数||concave-convex function
凹凸函数的上闭包||superclosure of concave-convex function
凹凸函数的下闭包||lower closure of concave-convex function
奥-高公式||Ostrovski-Gauss formula
奥恩斯坦-乌伦贝克过程||Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process
奥恩斯坦-乌伦贝克算子||Ornstein-Uhlenbeck operator
奥恩斯坦-乌伦贝克算子半群||Ornstein-Uhlenbeck semi-group of operators
奥尔利奇空间||Orlicz space
奥斯古德唯一性条件||Osgood uniqueness condition
八边形||octagon
八面体||octahedron
巴恩斯广义超几何函数||Barnes extended hypergeometric function
巴哈杜尔渐近效率||Bahadur asymptotic efficiency
巴哈杜尔效率||Bahadur efficiency
巴拿赫*代数||Banach*- algebra; 读作“巴拿赫星代数”。
巴拿赫代数||Banach algebra
巴拿赫格||Banach lattice
巴拿赫空间||Banach space
巴拿赫流形||Banach manifold
巴索蒂-泰特群||Barsotti-Tate group
巴塔恰里亚下界||Bhattacharyya lower bound
白尔根||Baer radical
白噪声||white noise
百分法||percentage
百分率||percent
百分误差||percentage error
摆线||cycloid
班||class
伴随表示||adjoint representation
伴随函子||adjoint functors
伴随核||adjoint kernel
伴随矩阵||adjoint matrix
伴随李代数||adjoint Lie algebra
伴随蒙特卡罗方法||adjoint Monte Carlo method
伴随权重方法||adjoint weight method
伴随算子||adjoint operator
伴随统计估计方法||adjoint statistical estimation method
伴随微分方程||adjoint differential equation
伴随微分算子||adjoint differential operator
伴随线性映射||adjoint linear map
伴随行列式||adjoint determinant
伴随指数变换方法||adjoint exponential transformation method
瓣||section
半本原环||semi-primitive ring
半不变量||semi-invariant, cumulant; 特征函数对数的幂级数展开式中的系数。
半参数模型||semi-parameter model
半单[赋范]环||semi-simple [normed] ring
半单纯复形||semi-simplicial complex
半单纯映射||semi-simplicial mapping
半单簇||semi-simple variety
半单代数||semi-simple algebra
半单代数群||semi-simple algebraic group
半单泛代数||semi-simple universal algebra
半单环||semi-simple ring
半单李代数||semi-simple Lie algebra
半单李代数的根系||root system of a semi-simple Lie algebra
半单李代数的上同调||cohomology of semi-simple Lie algebras
半单李群||semi-simple Lie group
半单模||semi-simple module
半单若尔当代数||semi-simple Jordan algebra
半单线性变换||semi-simple linear transformation
半单元||semi-simple element
半单秩||semi-simple rank
半迭代法||semi-iterative method
半定矩阵||semi-definite matrix
半范数||semi-norm
半弗雷德霍姆算子||semi-Fredholm operator
半格||semi-lattice
半角公式||half angle formula
半解析蒙特卡罗方法||semi-analytic Monte Carlo method
半径||radius
半局部单连通[的]||semi-locally simply connected
半局部环||semi-local ring
半离散法||semi-discrete method
半连续[的]||semi-continuous
半连续性||semi-continuity
半流||semi-flow
半模格||semi-modular lattice
半内积||semi-inner product; 又称“半标量积 (semi-scalar product)”。
半平面||half plane
半球面||semi-sphere
半群||semi-group
半群环||semi-group ring
半群扰动||perturbation of semi-group
半双线性泛函||semi-bilinear functional, sesquilinear functional
半双线性型||semi-bilinear form, sesquilinear form
半双线性型的自同构||automorphism of a sesquilinear form
半素环||semi-prime ring
半完满环||semi-perfect ring
半稳定极限环||semi-stable limit-cycle
半无限规划||semi-infinite programming
半线性偏微分方程||semi-linear partial differential equation
半线性同构||semi-linear isomorphism
半线性映射||semi-linear mapping
半样本||semi-sample
半隐格式||semi-implicit scheme
半域||semi-field
半圆||semi-circle
半整数权模形式||modular form of half-integer weight
半正规算子||semi-normal operator
半直积||semi-direct product
半准素环||semi-primary ring
半自反局部凸空间||semi-reflexive locally convex space
半鞅||semi-martingale
蚌线||conchoid
胞腔||cell
胞腔逼近||cellular approximation
胞腔复形||cell complex
胞腔空间||cellular space
胞腔剖分||cell decomposition
胞腔上同调群||cell cohomology group
胞腔式映射||cellular mapping
胞腔同调群||cellular homology group
胞腔同伦||cellular homotopy
包含||inclusion, include
包含函子||inclusion functor
包核拓扑||hull kernel topology
包络代数||enveloping algebra
包络功效函数||envelope power function
薄集||thin set
保并同态||join-preserving homomorphism
保测变换||measure-preserving transformation
保单调差分格式||monotonicity preserving difference scheme
保管费||holding cost
保护数位||guarding figure, guarding digit
保积函子||product-preserving functor
保密量||amount of secrecy
保密体制||privacy system
保密学||cryptology
保面积映射||area-preserving mapping
保守的||conservative
保守算子||conservative operator
保守微分方程||conservative differential equation
保序函数||order-preserving function
保序映射||order-preserving mapping
保锥算子||cone-preserving operator
饱和类||saturation class
饱和模型||saturated model
报酬函数||reward function
暴露点||exposed point
暴露方向||exposed direction
暴露面||exposed face
暴露射线||exposed ray
鲍尔双迭代[法]||Bauer bi-iteration
鲍威尔法||Powell method
爆炸时||explosion time
背包公钥体制||knapsack public key system
贝蒂数||Betti number
贝尔函数||Baire functions
贝尔空间||Baire space
贝尔斯空间||Bers space
贝尔斯托迭代法||Bairstow iteration method
贝尔特拉米方程||Beltrami equation
贝克-坎贝尔-豪斯多夫公式||Baker-Cambell-Hausdorff formula
贝克隆变换||Backlund transformation
贝塞尔不等式||Bessel inequality
贝塞尔积分||Bessel integral
贝塞尔微分方程||Bessel differential equation
贝叶斯分类规则||Bayes classification rule
贝叶斯风险||Bayes risk
贝叶斯公式||Bayes formula
贝叶斯估计||Bayes estimate
贝叶斯决策函数||Bayes decision function
贝叶斯区间估计||Bayes interval estimate
贝叶斯统计||Bayes statistics
贝叶斯序贯决策函数||Bayes sequential decision function
倍角公式||double angle formula
倍立方[问题]||duplication of a cube
倍式||multiple
倍数||multiple
倍图||double graph
备择假设||alternative hypothesis
被逼近函数||approximated function
被乘数||multiplicand
被除数||dividend
被积函数||integrand
被加数||summand
被减数||minuend
被开方数||radicand
本元||urelement
本原多项式||primitive polynomial
本原环||primitive ring
本原理想||primitive ideal
本原幂等元||primitive idempotent element
本原群||primitive group
本原特征[标]||primitive character
本原元||primitive element
本征空间||eigenspace
本征向量||eigenvector
本征向量展开式||eigenvector expansion
本征值||eigenvalue
本征值的指标||index of eigenvalues
本征值问题||eigenvalue problem
本质不振荡||essentially non-oscillatory, ENO
本质单同态||essential monomorphism
本质对策||essential game; 又称“实质性对策”。
本质谱||essential spectrum
本质奇点||essential singular point
本质上确界||essential supremum, ess.sup
本质完全类||essentially complete class
本质严格凸||essentially  strictly convex
本质有界[的]||essentially bounded
本质自伴算子||essentially self-adjoint operator
崩溃点||break down point
逼近||approximation
逼近函数||approximating function
逼近阶||degree of approximation
逼近论||approximation theory
逼近式||approximant
逼近误差||approximation error
逼近正则映射||approximating proper mapping
比||ratio
比安基恒等式||Bianchi  identities
比伯巴赫猜想||Bieberbach conjecture
比察捷-拉夫连季耶夫方程||Bitsadze-Lavrentiev equation
比估计||ratio estimate
比较定理||comparison theorem
比例-积分-微分控制||proportional-integral-derivative control; 简称“PID控制 (PID control)”。
比例||proportion
比例常数||constant of proportionality
比例控制||proportional control
比例内项||internal terms of proportion
比例外项||extreme terms of proportion
比例中项||mean term of proportion
比率遍历定理||ratio-ergodic theorem
比姆-沃明格式||Beam-Warming scheme
比内公式||Binet formula
比特||bit; 信息度量的单位。
彼得罗夫斯基双曲性||Petrowsky hyperbolicity
彼得松内积||Peterson inner product
彼得松图||Peterson graph
毕达哥拉斯域||Pythagorean field
闭包||closure
闭包有限||closure finite
闭包运算||closure operation
闭测地线||closed geodesic
闭覆盖||closed covering
闭公式||closed formula
闭轨道||closed orbit
闭环控制||closed-loop control
闭环系统||closed-loop system
闭集||closed set
闭集基||closed set basis
闭浸入||closed immersion
闭链||cycle
闭流形||closed manifold
闭路||closed path, loop
闭路空间||loop space, closed path space
闭滤子||closed filter
闭区间||closed interval
闭曲面||closed surface
闭曲线||closed curve
闭算子||closed operator
闭凸函数||closed convex function
闭图象定理||closed graph theorem
闭微分[形]式||closed differential
闭星形||closed star
闭型积分公式||closed integration formula
闭映射||closed mapping
闭域||closed domain
闭子概形||closed subscheme
闭子集的畴数||category of a closed subset
闭子李群||closed Lie subgroup
闭子流形||closed submanifold
闭子群||closed subgroup
必然事件||certain event
必要条件||necessary condition
边||edge, line; side
边传递图||edge-transitive graph
边独立数||edge independent number
边对称||edge symmetry
边覆盖||edge cover
边覆盖数||edge covering number
边界表现||boundary behavior
边界点||frontier point, boundary point
边界对应||boundary correspondence
边界估计||boundary estimate
边界积分法||boundary integral method
边界结点||boundary node
边界控制||boundary control
边界曲线||boundary curve
边界条件转移||transfer of frontier conditions
边界型积分公式||integration formula of boundary type
边界元||boundary element
边界元法||boundary element method
边连通度||edge-connectivity
边色数||edge chromatic number
边图||edge graph
边心距||apothem
边信息||side information
边缘||boundary
边缘分布||marginal distribution
边缘集||border set
边缘链||boundary chain
边缘似然函数||marginal likelihood function
边缘同态||boundary homomorphism
边缘运算||boundary operation
边值条件||boundary value condition
边值问题||boundary value problem
边子图||edge-subgraph
编码[的]数据||coded data
编码||coding
编码定理||coding theorem
编码理论||coding theory
编码器||coder
编码增益||coding gain
扁峰[的]||platykurtic
变长码||variable length code
变尺度[算]法||variable metric algorithm
变度量法||variable metric method
变分||variation
变分不等方程||variational inequation
变分不等式||variational inequality
变分导数||variational derivative
变分法||calculus of variations; 又称“变分学”。
变分方程||variational equation, equation of variation
变分方法||variational method
变分问题||variational problem
变分原理||variational principle
变函数||argument function
变换群||transformation group
变结构控制||variable structure control
变结构控制系统||variable structure  control system
变量||variable
变量变换||change of variable
变量分离方程||equation of separated variables
变系数线性偏微分方程||linear partial differential equation with variable coefficients
变形第二类贝塞尔函数||modified Bessel function of the second kind
变形第二类马蒂厄函数||modified Mathieu function of the second kind
变形第三类贝塞尔函数||modified Bessel function of the third kind
变形第三类马蒂厄函数||modified Mathieu function of the third kind
变形第一类贝塞尔函数||modified Bessel function of the first kind
变形第一类马蒂厄函数||modified Mathieu function of the first kind
变形马蒂厄方程||modified Mathieu equation
变形马蒂厄函数||modified Mathieu function
变形牛顿法||modified Newton method
变形欧拉法||modified Euler method
变异系数||coefficient of variation
辨识||identification
辫群||braid group
遍历变换||ergodic transformation
遍历定理||ergodic theorems
遍历过程||ergodic process
遍历理论||ergodic theory
遍历链||ergodic chain
遍历信源||ergodic source
遍历性||ergodicity
遍历性假设||ergodic hypothesis
标号||label
标号图||labeled graph
标架||frame
标架丛||frame bundle
标量||scalar
标量场||scalar field
标量乘法||scalar multiplication
标量化||scalarization
标量矩阵||scalar matrix
标值点过程||marked point process
标准差||standard deviation
标准单形||standard simplex
标准分解||standard resolution
标准分解式||standard factorization
标准高||standard height; 又称“内龙-泰特高(Neron-Tate height)”。
标准过程||standard process
标准恒等式||standard identities
标准误差||standard error
标准元||standard element
标准正态分布||standard normal distribution
表[列]值||tabular value, entry
表的加密||subtabulation
表面密度方法||surface density method
表面增殖因子方法||surface multiplication factor method
表示的等价||equivalence of representations
表示的级||degree of a representation
表示的权||weight of representation
表示的特征[标]||character of a representation
表示的完全性||completeness for representations
表示的限制||restriction of representation
表示的相似||similarity of representations
表示的张量积||tensor product of representations
表示的直和||direct sum of representations
表示函子||representation functor
表示空间||representation space
表示论||representation theory
表示模||representation module
表作业法||Hitchock method
病态||ill-conditioned, ill-conditioning
病态多项式||ill-conditioned polynomial
病态方程||ill-conditioned equation
病态矩阵||ill-conditioned matrix
并||union; join
并半格||join semi-lattice
并表示||join representation
并不可约元||join irreducible element
并无穷分配||join infinite distributive
玻恩-因费尔德方程||Born-Infeld equation
玻耳兹曼[积分微分]方程||Boltzmann [integro-differential] equation
玻尔紧化||Bohr compactification
波[动]方程||wave equation; 又称“达朗贝尔方程 (D'Alembert equation)”。
波利亚计数定理||Polya enumeration theorem
波前集||wave front set
博克斯-米勒抽样方法||Box-Müller sampling technique
博雷尔分层||Borel hierarchy
博雷尔集||Borel set
博雷尔可测函数||Borel measurable function
博雷尔求和[法]||Borel summation [method]
博雷尔子群||Borel subgroup
伯恩赛德问题||Burnside problem
伯恩斯坦多项式||Bernstein polynomial
伯格方程||Burger equation
伯格曼度量||Bergman metric
伯格曼空间||Bergman space
伯格曼算子||Bergman operator
伯克霍夫插值||Birkhoff interpolation
伯努利迭代法||Bernoulli iteration
伯努利多项式||Bernoulli polynomial
伯努利分布||Bernoulli distribution
伯努利分割||Bernoulli partition
伯努利试验||Bernoulli trials
伯努利数||Bernoulli number
伯努利推移||Bernoulli shift
伯努利微分方程||Bernoulli differential equation
泊松方程||Poisson equation
泊松分布||Poisson distribution
泊松公式||Poisson formula
泊松过程||Poisson process
泊松核||Poisson kernel
泊松解||Poisson solution
泊松括号||Poisson bracket
泊松李群||Poisson Lie group
泊松求和公式||Poisson summation formula
泊松随机测度||Poisson stochastic measure
泊松运动||Poisson motion
捕错||error trapping
捕获突发码||burst trapping code
补偿器||compensator
补集||complementary set
补角||supplementary angle
补模数||complementary modulus
补图||complement of a graph
补元||complement of an element
补子模||complementary submodule
不变σ域||invariant σ-field
不变测度||invariant measure
不变测度问题||invariant measure problem
不变多项式||invariant polynomials
不变分布族||invariant family of distributions
不变估计||invariant estimate
不变环面||invariant torus
不变检验||invariant test
不变决策函数||invariant decision function
不变量||invariant
不变流形||invariant manifold
不变平均||invariant mean
不变嵌入||invariant imbedding
不变式||invariant
不变式的权||weight of invariant
不变事件||invariant event
不变随机变量||invariant random variable
不变统计量||invariant statistic
不变因子||invariant divisor
不变原理||invariance principle
不变中心流形||invariant central manifold
不变子空间||invariant subspace
不变子空间问题||invariant subspace problem
不等方程||inequation
不等式||inequality
不等式约束||inequality constraint
不定常||time dependent; 又称“时间相关”。
不定常迭代||non-stationary iteration
不定常方法||time-dependent method; 又称“时间相关法”。
不定度||uncertainty
不定度规空间||indefinite inner product space; 又称“不定内积空间”。
不定二次型||indefinite quadratic form
不定方程||indeterminate equation
不定积分||indefinite integral
不定矩阵||indefinite matrix
不动点||fixed point
不动点定理||fixed point theorem
不动点指数||fixed point index
不放回抽样||sampling without replacement
不尽根||surd root
不可比[的]||incomparable
不可辨元||indiscernible
不可测集||non-measurable set
不可达基数||inaccessible cardinal
不可定向流形||non-orientable manifold
不可定向曲面||non-orientable surface
不可分次数||inseparable degree
不可分解格||indecomposable lattice
不可分解模||indecomposable module
不可分解模表示||indecomposable modular representation
不可分解信道||indecomposable channel
不可分扩张||inseparable extension
不可分态射||inseparable morphism
不可公度的||incommensurable
不可观测子空间||unobservable subspace
不可解性||unsolvability
不可能事件||impossible event
不可微规划||non-differentiable programming
不可微最优化||non-differentiable optimization
不可压缩的||incompressible
不可压缩曲面||incompressible surface
不可约 3-流形||irreducible 3-manifold
不可约表示||irreducible representation
不可约表示的舒尔指数||Schur index of an irreducible representation
不可约多项式||irreducible polynomial
不可约方程||irreducible equation
不可约分数||irreducible fraction; 又称“简分数”。
不可约概形||irreducible scheme
不可约嘉当矩阵||irreducible Cartan matrix
不可约链||irreducible chain
不可约模特征[标]||irreducible modular character
不可约曲线||irreducible curve
不可约特征[标]||irreducible character
不可约映射||irreducible mapping
不可约元||irreducible element
不可证明性||unprovability
不连通集||disconnected set
不连续变换群||discontinuous group of transformations
不连续控制系统||discontinuous control system
不能除尽[的]||indivisible
不平衡运输问题||unbalanced transportation problem
不平衡指派问题||unbalanced assignment problem
不确定决策||decision under uncertainty
不确定性系统||uncertain system
不适定问题||ill-posed problem
不完全Γ函数||incomplete Γ-function
不完全β函数||incomplete β-function
不完全区组设计||incomplete block design
不完整约束||non-holonomic constraint
不相关[的]||uncorrelated
不相关样本||uncorrelated samples
不相交[的]||disjoint
不相容事件||mutually exclusive events, disjoint events
不足道[的]||evanescent
不足道集||evanescent set
不足近似值||lower approximate value; 曾用名“下近似值”。
布尔代数||Boolean algebra
布尔多项式||Boolean polynomial
布尔方程||Boolean equation
布尔方法||Boolean method
布尔格||Boolean lattice
布尔规划||Boolean programming
布尔环||Boolean ring
布尔积||Boolean product
布尔空间||Boolean space
布尔幂||Boolean power
布拉施克乘积||Blaschke product
布朗-麦科伊根||Brown-McCoy radical
布朗片||Brownian sheet
布朗桥||Brownian bridge
布朗运动||Brownian motion
布劳威尔代数||Brauwerian algebra
布吕阿分解||Bruhat decomposition
布洛赫常数||Bloch constant
布洛赫函数||Bloch function
布洛赫空间||Bloch space
布饶尔群||Brauer group
布斯曼方程||Busemann equation
布西内斯克方程||Boussinesq equation
步长||step size, step length, step width
步长指标||step index
部分乘积||partial product
部分等距算子||partially isometric operator
部分分式||partial fraction
部分和||partial sum
部分平衡不完全区组设计||partially balanced incomplete block design; 简称“PBIB 设计”。
部分实施[法]||fractional replication
部分信息||partial information
部分亚椭圆||partially hypoelliptic
部分主元||partial pivot
部分主元消元[法]||partial pivoting
猜想||conjecture
参考输入||reference input
参数||parameter
参数簇||parameter variety
参数估计||parameter estimation
参数规划||parametric programming
参数空间||parameter space
参数模型||parameter model
参数线性规划||parametric linear programming
参数最优化||parameter optimization
残差||residual
残差平方和||residual sum of squares
残差图||residual plot
策略||policy, strategy
策略变量||strategic variable
策略迭代法||policy iteration method
策略改进[迭代]||policy improvement iteration
策略决策||strategied decision
策略空间||policy space
策梅洛-弗兰克尔集合论||Zermelo-Frankel set theory; 简称“Z-F集合论”。
侧面积||lateral area
测地流||geodesic flow
测地曲率||geodesic curvature
测地线||geodesic
测地线环路||geodesic loop
测地坐标||geodesic coordinates
测度||measure
测度卷积||convolution of measures
测度空间||measure space
测度论||measure theory
测度支集||support of measure
测试函数||trial function
层||sheaf; stratum; 将总体分成若干个互不相交的子总体,每个子总体称为层。
层的上同调||cohomology of sheaves
层态射||morphism of sheaves
层同构||isomorphism of sheaves
插值||interpolation; 又称“内插”。
插值逼近||approximation by interpolation
插值多项式||interpolation polynomial
插值方法||interpolation method
插值公式||interpolation formula
插值函数||interpolating function
插值节点||interpolation knot, interpolation node; 又称“插值结点”。
插值空间||interpolation space
插值偶||interpolation couple
插值条件||interpolation condition
插值性质||interpolation property
插值余项||remainder of interpolation
插值约束逼近||approximation with interpolating constraints
叉同态||crossed homomorphism
差||difference
差错保护||error protection
差错传播||error propagation
差错方程||error equation
差错检测码||error detection code
差错空间||error space
差错控制||error control
差错率||error rate
差错向量||error vector
差错校验||error check
差错校正||error correction; 又称“纠错”。
差错序列||error sequence
差代数||difference algebra
差分逼近||difference approximation
差分表||difference table
差分法||difference method
差分方程||difference equation
差分格式||difference scheme
差分矫正||difference correction
差分蒙特卡罗方法||difference Monte Carlo method
差分算子||difference operator
差分微分方程||difference differential equation
差分演算||calculus of finite differences; 又称“有限差演算”。
差积||different
差集||difference set
差商||difference quotient, difference coefficient
差异上链||difference cochain
差异显著性检验||test of the significance of difference
产方风险||producer risk
场||field
场论||theory of fields
尝试法||trial and error procedure
常表示||ordinary representation
常差分方程||ordinary difference equation
常返链||recurrent chain
常返状态||recurrent state
常分布||ordinary distribution
常和对策||constant-sum game
常量域||constant field
常曲率空间||space of constant curvature
常数||constant
常数变易法||method of variation of constant
常数层||constant sheaf
常数函子||constant functor, diagonal functor
常数秩模||module of constant rank
常微分方程||ordinary differential equation
常微分方程数值解||numerical solution of ordinary differential equations
常系数线性偏微分方程||linear partial differential equation with constant coefficients
常项||constant
常用对数||common logarithm
长除法||long division
长度||length
长短辐圆内摆线||hypotrochoid
长短辐圆外摆线||epitrochoid
长方体||rectangular parallelopiped
长正合上同调[序]列||long exact cohomology sequence
长正合同调[序]列||long exact homology sequence
长轴||major axis
超单纯||hypersimple
超调和函数||hyperharmonic function
超定组||overdetermined system
超渡||transgression
超广义函数||ultradistribution
超函数||hyperfunction
超积||ultraproduct
超几何分布||hypergeometric distribution
超几何函数||hypergeometric function
超几何级数||hypergeometric series; 又称“高斯级数 (Gauss series)”。
超几何微分方程||hypergeometric differential equation; 又称“高斯微分方程 (Gauss differential equation)”。
超记忆梯度法||supermemory gradient method
超加密||superencipher
超均函数||superaveraging function
超可解群||supersolvable group
超滤子||ultrafilter
超幂||ultrapower
超抛物[型]方程||ultraparabolic equation
超平面束||pencil of hyperplanes
超平面坐标||hyperplane coordinates
超平行体||parallelotope
超奇椭圆曲线||supersingular elliptic curve
超奇约化||supersingular reduction
超前基本解||advanced fundamental solution
超前位势||advanced potential; 又称“前进位势”。
超切向量||hypertangent
超穷归纳定义||definition by transfinite induction
超穷归纳法||transfinite induction
超穷基数||transfinite cardinal number
超穷序数||transfinite ordinal
超球||hypersphere
超球函数||hyperspherical function
超球微分方程||hyperspherical differential equation
超曲面||hypersurface
超收敛||overconvergence; 指某迭代法或逼近过程在特殊场合其收敛速率超过正常速率。
超双曲[型]方程||ultrahyperbolic equation
超松弛||overrelaxation
超算术||hyperarithmetic
超图||hypergraph
超椭圆函数域||hyperelliptic function field
超椭圆积分||hyperelliptic integral
超椭圆曲线||hyperelliptic curve
超稳定性||hyperstability
超限直径||transfinite diameter
超线性收敛||superlinear convergence
超线性收敛速率||superlinear convergence rate
超有界型空间||ultrabornologic space
超有效估计||superefficient estimate
超越次数||degree of transcendence
超越的||transcendental
超越方程||transcendental equation
超越基||transcendental basis
超越扩张||transcendental extension
超越数||transcendental number
超越数论||transcendental number theory
超越亚纯函数||transcendental meromorphic function
超越元||transcendental element
超越整函数||transcendental entire function
超跃变||hyperjump
超自反巴拿赫空间||super234lexive Banach space; edit
超总体||superpopulation
陈[省身]类||Chern class
陈[省身]数||Chern number
陈特征[标]||Chern character; 全称“陈省身特征标”。
成批到达||batch arrival; 又称“大量到达(bulk arrival)”。
成批服务||batch service; 又称“大量服务 (bulk service)”。
成批更换策略||block replacement policy
成批排队||bulk queue
乘||multiply
乘抽样方法||multiplicative sampling technique
乘法||multiplication
乘法交换律||commutative law of multiplication
乘法结合律||associative law of multiplication
乘法群||multiplicative group
乘法消去律||cancellation law for multiplication
乘积型积分公式||integration formula of product form
乘积展开式||product expansion
乘加抽样方法||multiplicative-additional sampling technique
乘数||multiplicator
乘数词头||prefix multiplier
乘同余方法||multiplicative congruential method
乘性[的]||multiplicative
乘性二次型||multiplicative quadratic form
乘性函数||multiplicative function
乘性数论||multiplicative number theory
乘性同余||multiplicative congruence
乘性线性泛函||multiplicative linear functional
乘性序列||multiplicative sequence
乘性约化||multiplicative reduction
乘性子集||multiplicative subset
承载单形||carrier simplex
迟延更新过程||delayed renewal process
尺度参数||scale parameter
尺规作图法||construction with ruler and compasses, geometric construction
斥性不动点||repulsive fix-point
充分大的 3-流形||sufficiently large 3-manifold
充分条件||sufficient condition
充分统计量||sufficient statistic
充要条件||necessary and sufficient condition
冲击函数||bump function
冲激函数||impulse function; 曾用名“脉冲函数”。
冲激响应||impulse response; 曾用名“脉冲响应”。
抽检||sampling inspection
抽检特性曲线||operating characteristic curve
抽奖||lottery
抽象[化]||abstraction
抽象簇||abstract variety
抽象单形||abstract simplex
抽象调和分析||abstract harmonic  analysis
抽象非奇曲线||abstract non-singular curve
抽象复形||abstract complex
抽象根系||abstract root system
抽象黎曼面||abstract Riemann surface
抽象码||abstract code
抽象模型论||abstract model theory
抽象维纳空间||abstract Wiener space
抽样||sampling
抽样比||sampling fraction
抽样单元||sampling unit
抽样调查||sampling survey
抽样框||sampling frame
抽样论||sampling theory
抽样效率||sampling efficiency
稠[密]子集||dense subset
稠格||dense lattice
稠密||dense
稠密线性变换环||dense ring of linear transformations
稠元||dense element
初[值]-边值问题||initial-boundary value problem
初步集[合]||rudimentary set
初等变换||elementary transformation
初等等价[的]||elementarily equivalent
初等对称多项式||elementary symmetric polynomial
初等函数||elementary  function
初等交换群||elementary commutative group
初等矩阵||elementary matrix
初等群||elementary group
初等拓扑阿贝尔群||elementary topological Abelian group
初等因子||elementary divisor
初等子结构||elementary substructure
初等子模型||elementary submodel
初检验||original inspection
初始段||initial segment
初始分布||initial distribution
初始基本可行解||initial basic feasible solution
初始流形||initial manifold
初始误差||initial error
初始序数||initial ordinal
初态||initial state
初遇||debut
初值条件||initial value condition
初值问题||initial value problem
出次数||outdegree
出树||outtree
出现||occurrence
出向量||outgoing vector
除||divide
除法||division
除环||division ring, skew field; 曾用名“体”。
除数||divisor
除数函数||divisor function
除数问题||divisor problem
除子||divisor
除子的次数||degree of a divisor
除子类群||divisor class group
楚列斯基分解||Cholesky decomposition
处处稠密[的]||dense everywhere
传递抽样方法||pass sampling technique
传递函数[矩]阵||transfer function matrix
传递函数||transfer function
传递集||transitive set
传递群||transitive group
传递性||transitivity
传输极点||transmission pole
传输零点||transmission zero
传输容量||transmission capacity
传输速率||transmission rate
串联排队[系统]||tandem queue [system]
创造集||creative set
垂线||perpendicular, perpendicular line
垂心||orthocenter
垂直[的]||perpendicular
垂足||foot of a perpendicular
垂足曲线||pedal curve
纯不可分扩张||pure inseparable extension
纯不可分态射||purely inseparable morphism
纯策略||pure strategy
纯超越扩张||purely transcendental extension
纯粹数学||pure mathematics
纯灭过程||death process
纯生过程||birth process
纯虚数||pure imaginary number
纯循环小数||pure recurring decimal
纯整数规划||pure integer programming
次||order
次闭映射||demi-closed mapping
次递归性||subrecursiveness
次对角线||minor diagonal
次极大||submaximum; 又称“副峰”。
次极小||subminimum
次加性泛函||subadditive functional
次可微性||subdifferentiability
次理想||subideal
次连续性||demi-continuity
次连续映射||demi-continuous mapping
次马尔可夫[的]||sub-Markovian
次模函数||submodular function
次特征[线]||bicharacteristics
次特征带||bicharacteristic strip
次特征射线||bicharacteristic rays
次梯度||subgradient
次梯度法||subgradient algorithm
次凸对策||subconvex game
次椭圆||subelliptic
次微分||subdifferential
次微分稳定性||subdifferential stability
次微分映射||subdifferential mapping
次线性[的]||sublinear
次序公理||axiom of order
次优||suboptimum
次优化||suboptimization
次优控制||suboptimal control
次正规列||subnormal series
次正规算子||subnormal operator
次正规子群||subnormal subgroup
次直表示||subdirect representation
次直不可约[的]||subdirectly irreducible
次直和||subdirect sum
次直积||subdirect product
从切[平]面||rectifying plane
从属统计量||ancillary statistic, distribution free statistic
从属性||subordination
丛的分裂映射||splitting map of a bundle
丛的截面||cross section of a bundle
丛的上同调||cohomology of bundle
丛的同调||homology of bundles
丛映射||bundle map
粗糙模空间||coarse moduli space
簇的函数域||function field of a variety
簇的正规化||normalization of a variety
簇定义域||field of definition for variety
簇上有理函数||rational function over a variety
簇态射||morphism of varieties
簇同构||isomorphism of varieties
存储空间||memory space
存储论||storage theory
存储容量||memory capacity
存在[性]||existence
存在量词||existential quantifier
达布[微分]方程||Darboux [differential] equation
达布和||Darboux sum
达布问题||Darboux problem
达芬微分方程||Duffing differential equation
达朗贝尔公式||d'Alembert formula
打靶法||shooting method
大范围变分法||calculus of variation in the large
大基数||large cardinals
大魔群||monster group
大偏差||large deviation
大筛法||large sieve
大数律||law of large numbers
大系统||large scale system
大系统最优化||large scale optimization; 又称“大型最优化”。
大型动态系统||large scale dynamic system
大型规划||large scale programming
大于||greater than, larger than
大圆||great circle
戴德金ζ函数||Dedekind ζ-function
戴德金η函数||Dedekind η-function
戴德金整环||Dedekind  domain
戴环空间||ringed space
带[调和]函数||zonal harmonics
带||tape
带边流形||manifold with boundary
带偿付随机规划||stochastic programming with recourse
带分数||mixed fraction
带号测度||signed measure
带号测度范数||norm of signed measure
带号测度负变差||negative variation of signed measure
带号测度密度||density of signed measure
带号测度能量[积分]||energy of signed integral
带号测度全变差||complete variation of signed measure
带号测度若尔当分解||Jordan decomposition of signed measure
带号测度相互能量[积分]||mutual energy of signed measure
带号测度正变差||positive variation of signed measure
带基点的空间||pointed space
带积范畴||category with product
带积合成范畴||category with product and composition
带宽||band width
带删除译码||erasure decoding
带算子群||group with operators
带余除法||division with remainder, division algorithm
带状矩阵||band matrix
殆单代数群||almost simple algebraic group
殆分裂扩张||almost splitting extension
殆分裂序列||almost splitting sequence
殆复结构||almost complex structure
殆复流形||almost complex manifold
殆平坦流形||almost flat manifold
殆周期函数||almost periodic function; 又称“几乎周期函数”。
殆周期解||almost periodic solution
殆周期运动||almost periodic motion
代换性质||substitution property
代码组||codes
代入||substitution
代入消元法||elimination by substitution
代数 K 理论||algebraic K theory
代数||algebras
代数闭包||algebraic closure
代数闭链||algebraic cycle
代数闭域||algebraically closed field
代数变换空间||algebraic transformation space
代数不变式||algebraic invariant
代数不变式论||theory of algebraic invariants
代数的||algebraic
代数的标量扩张||scalar extension of algebras
代数的表示||representation of algebras
代数的导子||derivation of an algebra
代数的分裂扩张||split extension of algebras
代数的分裂域||splitting fields of algebras
代数的根||radical of an algebra
代数的恒等式||identities of algebras
代数的李代数||algebraic Lie algebra
代数的张量积||tensor product of algebras
代数的中心||center of an algebra
代数等价||algebraically equivalence
代数方程||algebraic equation
代数方程论||theory of algebraic equations
代数格||algebraic lattice
代数规划||algebraic program
代数函数域||algebraic function field
代数和||algebraic sum
代数集||algebraic set
代数集的理想||ideal of an algebraic set
代数几何[学]||algebraic geometry
代数精度||algebraic accuracy
代数扩张||algebraic extension
代数论||theory of algebras
代数码||algebraic code
代数奇点||algebraic singularity
代数曲线||algebraic curve
代数群||algebraic group
代数群的根[基]||radical of algebraic group
代数群的李代数||Lie algebra of an algebraic group
代数群的特征[标]||character of algebraic group
代数群的外尔群||Weyl group of algebraic group
代数群的有理表示||rational representation of algebraic group
代数群的秩||rank of algebraic group
代数式||algebraic expression
代数数||algebraic number
代数数论||algebraic number theory
代数数域||algebraic number field; 简称“数域”。
代数体函数||algebroidal function
代数同构||algebra isomorphism
代数同态||algebra homomorphism
代数拓扑[学]||algebraic topology
代数微分方程||algebraic differential equation
代数无关[的]||algebraically independent
代数系统||algebraic system
代数相关[的]||algebraically dependent
代数学||algebra
代数译码||algebraic decoding
代数余子式||algebraic cofactor
代数元||algebraic element
代数整数||algebraic integer
代数整数环||ring of algebraic integers
代数子群||algebraic subgroup, k-closed subgroup
待定系数法||method of undetermined coefficient
丹齐格-沃尔夫法||Dantzig-Wolfe method
单[纯]形||simplex
单[字长]精度||single precision
单[纯]集||simple set
单阿贝尔簇||simple Abelian variety
单胞算子||unicellular operator
单变量系统||single variable system; 又称“单输入单输出系统(single-input single-output system,
单步迭代||single step iteration
单步法||single step method, one-step method
单参数变换群||one parameter group of transformations
单参数测地线族||1-parameter family of geodesics
单参数乘法子群||one parameter multiplicative subgroup
单参数子群||one parameter subgroup
单侧逼近||one-sided approximation
单侧检验||one-sided test
单侧曲面||unilateral surface
单侧搜索||one-sided search
单层位势||simple layer potential; 又称“单一分布位势”。
单纯逼近||simplicial approximation
单纯复形||simplicial complex
单纯复形的同调群||homology group of simplicial complex
单纯链映射||simplicial chain mapping
单纯形表||simplex tabuleau
单纯形调优法||simplex evolutionary method
单纯形法||simplex method, simplex algorithm
单纯映射||simplicial mapping, barycentric mapping
单纯重分||simplicial subdivision
单代数||simple algebra
单代数的ζ函数||ζ-function of simple algebra, zeta-function of simple algebra
单代数的差积||different of a simple algebra
单代数的判别式||discriminant of a simple algebra
单代数群||simple algebraic group
单点||simple point
单点分布||one-point distribution
单调差分格式||monotone difference scheme
单调函数||monotone function
单调类||monotone class
单调收敛定理||monotone convergence theorem
单调似然比||monotone likelihood ratio
单调算子||monotone operator; 又称“单调映射(monotone mapping)”。
单泛代数||simple universal algebra
单峰分布||unimodal distribution
单峰函数||unimodal function
单峰性||unimodality
单格||simple lattice
单根||simple root
单根系||simple system of roots
单环||simple ring
单极点||simple pole; 又称“一阶极点”。
单开陷门函数||one-way trap door function
单扩张||simple extension
单李代数||simple Lie algebra
单李群||simple Lie group
单连通[的]||simply connected
单连通[区]域||simply connected domain
单连通解析群||simply connected analytic group
单连通黎曼[曲]面||simply connected Riemann surface
单列模||uniserial module
单零点||simple zero; 又称“一阶零点”。
单路信道||one way channel
单模||simple module; 又称“不可约模(irreducible  module)”。
单切线||simple tangent
单群||simple group
单射||injection, injective
单射半径||injective radius
单收敛拓扑||simple convergence topology
单台服务系统||single-server system
单态射||monomorphism
单同态||injective homomorphism
单图||simple graph
单位||unit; 又称“可逆元(invertible element)”。
单位表示||unit representation
单位点||unit point
单位分解||partition of unity
单位根||roots of unity
单位函子||identity functor
单位阶跃函数||unit step function
单位阶跃输入||unit step input
单位阶跃响应||unit step response
单位矩阵||identity matrix, unit matrix;     又称“幺矩阵”。
单位理想||unit ideal
单位连通区||identity component
单位算子||unit operator; 曾用名“恒等算子 (identity operator)”。
单位态射||identity morphism
单位特征[标]||unit character
单位向量||unit vector
单位元[素]||identity element, unit element; 简称“幺元”。
单位元群||identity group
单位圆[盘]||unit disk
单位张量||unit tensor
单项变换||monoidal transformation
单项表示||monomial representation
单项矩阵||monomial matrix
单项式||monomial
单项样条||monospline
单向连通[的]||unilaterally connected
单演||monogenic
单演函数||monogenic function
单叶函数||univalent function
单叶双曲面||hyperboloid of one sheet
单一生成的||monothetic
单元刚度矩阵||element stiffness matrix
单支格式||one-leg scheme
单值[性]||monodromy
单值[性]定理||monodromy theorem
单值分支||one-valued branch
单值函数||single valued function, uniform function
单值化||uniformization
单值化定理||uniformization theorem
单值群||monodromy group
单周期函数||simply periodic function
淡紧||vague compact
淡漠||indifference; 又称“无差别”。
淡收敛||vague convergence
淡拓扑||vague topology
弹性壁||elastic barrier
当且仅当||if and only if, iff
当茹瓦积分||Denjoy integral
当茹瓦极小集||Denjoy minimum set
刀切法||jackknife
倒差分||reciprocal difference
倒差商||reciprocal difference quotient
倒易蒙特卡罗方法||reciprocity Monte Carlo method
导出代数||derived algebra
导出函子||derived functor
导出列||derived series
导出区组设计||derived block design
导函数||derived function
导集||derived set
导数||derivative, differential quotient; 又称“微商”。
导体位势||conductor potential
导子代数||derivation algebra
到达间隔||interarrival time
到达时刻||arrival instant
道格拉斯泛函||Douglas functional
道路||path
道路空间||path space
道路连通[的]||path connected
德拜渐近表示||asymptotic representation of Debye
德拜渐近展开||Debye asymptotic expansion
德布鲁因图||de Brujin graph
德恩扭转||Dehn twist
德拉姆上同调群||de Rham cohomology group
德摩根代数||De Morgan algebra
德摩根恒等式||De Morgan identity
德萨格定理||Desargues theorem
等比级数||geometric series
等比数列||geometric progression; 又称“几何数列”。
等边三角形||equilateral triangle
等参超曲面||isoparametric hypersurface
等差级数||arithmetic series
等差数列||arithmetic progression; 又称“算术数列”。
等待时间||waiting time
等待制系统||waiting system; 又称“等待服务系统”。
等度连续[的]||equicontinuous
等价[性]||equivalence
等价关系||equivalence relation
等价矩阵||equivalent matrices
等价类||equivalence class
等角轨线族||family of isogonal trajectories
等距||equidistant, isometry
等距曲线||equidistant curve
等距算子||isometric operator, isometric mapping
等距同构||isometry
等倾线||isoclines
等式||equality
等式约束||equality constraint
等势线||equipotential line
等温坐标||isothermal coordinates
等腰三角形||isosceles triangle
等腰梯形||isosceles trapezoid
等于||equal to
等周不等式||isoperimetric inequality
等周问题||isoperimetric problem
邓福德积分||Dunford integral
邓肯图||Dynkin diagram
低负荷服务||light traffic
低松弛||underrelaxation; 又称“亚松弛”。
迪厄多内晶体||Dieudonné crystal
迪厄多内行列式||Dieudonné determinant
迪尼导数||Dini derivative
迪尼级数||Dini series
迪潘标形||Dupin indicatrix
笛卡儿积||Cartesian product
笛卡儿空间||Cartesian space
笛卡儿卵形线||Cartesian oval
笛卡尔图||Cartesian diagram
狄拉克方程||Dirac equation
狄拉克广义函数||Dirac distribution
狄利克雷L级数||Dirichlet L-series
狄利克雷乘法||Dirichlet multiplication
狄利克雷抽屉原理||Dirichlet box principle
狄利克雷泛函||Dirichlet functional
狄利克雷分布||Dirichlet distribution
狄利克雷核||Dirichlet kernel
狄利克雷积分||Dirichlet integral
狄利克雷级数||Dirichlet series
狄利克雷空间||Dirichlet space
狄利克雷密度||Dirichlet density, analytic density
狄利克雷数据||Dirichlet data
狄利克雷特征[标]||Dirichlet character
狄利克雷问题||Dirichlet problem; 又称“第一边值问题 (first boundary value problem)”。
狄利克雷型||Dirichlet form
狄利克雷原理||Dirichlet principle
底函子||underlying functor, forgetful functor
底集||universe
底角||base angle
底空间||base space
底群||underlying group
底数||base number
底拓扑空间||underlying topological space
蒂索-波哈默微分方程||Tissot-Pohhammer differential equation
第 n 类贝尔函数||n-th class of Baire functions
第二范畴||second category
第二范畴集||set of the second category
第二基本型||second fundamental form; 又称“第二基本形式”。
第二可数公理||second axiom of countability
第二类贝塞尔函数||Bessel function of the second kind; 又称“诺伊曼函数 (Neumann function)”。
第二类不连续点||discontinuity point of the second kind
第二类不完全椭圆积分||incomplete elliptic integral of the second kind
第二类错误||error of the second kind
第二类典范坐标||canonical coordinates of the second kind
第二类弗雷德霍姆积分方程||Fredholm integral equation of the second kind
第二类汉克尔函数||Hankel function of the second kind
第二类拉梅函数||Lamé function of the second kind
第二类勒让德函数||Legendre function of the second kind
第二类马蒂厄函数||Mathieu function of the second kind
第二类切比雪夫多项式||Chebyshev polynomial of the second kind
第二类椭圆函数||elliptic function of the second kind
第二类椭圆积分||elliptic integral of the second kind
第二类完全椭圆积分||complete elliptic integral of the second kind
第二类沃尔泰拉积分方程||Volterra integral equation of the second kind
第二中值定理||second mean value theorem
第三类贝塞尔函数||Bessel function of the third kind; 又称“汉克尔函数 (Hankel function)”。
第三类弗雷德霍姆积分方程||Fredholm integral equation of the third kind
第三类椭圆函数||elliptic function of the third kind
第三类椭圆积分||elliptic integral of the third kind
第三类沃尔泰拉积分方程||Volterra integral equation of the third kind
第五公设||fifth postulate; 等价于欧氏几何中的平行公理。
第一超穷序数||first transfinite ordinal
第一范畴||first category
第一范畴集||set of the first category
第一基本型||first fundamental form; 又称 “第一基本形式”。
第一可数公理||first axiom of countability
第一类贝塞尔函数||Bessel function of the first kind; 又称“贝塞尔函数 (Bessel function)”。
第一类不连续点||discontinuity point of the first kind
第一类不完全椭圆积分||incomplete elliptic integral of the first kind
第一类错误||error of the first kind
第一类典范坐标||canonical coordinates of the first kind
第一类弗雷德霍姆积分方程||Fredholm integral equation of the first kind
第一类汉克尔函数||Hankel function of the first kind
第一类拉梅函数||Lamé function of the first kind
第一类勒让德函数||Legendre function of the first kind
第一类马蒂厄函数||Mathieu function of the first kind; 又称“椭圆柱函数 (elliptic cylinder function)”。
第一类切比雪夫多项式||Chebyshev polynomial of the first kind
第一类椭圆函数||elliptic function of the first kind
第一类椭圆积分||elliptic integral of the first kind
第一类完全椭圆积分||complete elliptic integral of the first kind
第一类沃尔泰拉积分方程||Volterra integral equation of the first kind
第一中值定理||first mean value  theorem
递归边图||recursive edge graph
递归对策||recursive game
递归分析||recursive analysis
递归函数||recursive function
递归集||recursive set
递归结构||recursive structure
递归可公理化||recursively axiomatizable
递归可枚举集||recursively enumerable set
递归论||recursion theory
递归算术||recursive arithmetic
递归性||recursiveness
递归序数||recursive ordinal
递阶决策||hierarchical decision
递阶控制||hierarchical control
点||point
点场||field of points
点的局部环||local ring of a point
点的拉开||blowing up at a point
点的邻域基||neighborhood basis of a point
点的特殊化||specialization of a point
点估计||point estimation
点过程||point process
点函数||point function
点划分||point partitioning
点列||range of points
点谱||point spectrum
点式收敛拓扑||topology of pointwise convergence
点斜式||point slope form
点有限覆盖||point-finite covering
典范层||canonical sheaf
典范乘积||canonical product
典范除子||canonical divisor
典范除子类||canonical divisor class
典范丛||canonical bundle
典范赋值||canonical valuation
典范矩阵||canonical matrix
典范嵌入||canonical imbedding
典范态射||canonical morphism
典型变量||canonical variable
典型分解||canonical decomposition
典型复单李代数||classical complex simple Lie algebras
典型过程||canonical process
典型群||classical group
典型实单李代数||classical real simple Lie algebras
典型相关分析||canonical correlation analysis
典型相关系数||canonical correlation coefficient
典型域||classical domain
电报方程||telegraph equations
调和测度||harmonic measure
调和分析||harmonic analysis
调和共轭||harmonic conjugate
调和共轭点||harmonic conjugate points; 又称“等交比点(equianharmonic points)”。
调和函数||harmonic function
调和级数||harmonic series
调和解||harmonic solution
调和平均||harmonic mean
调和数列||harmonic progression
调和算子||harmonic operator
调和映射||harmonic map
调和优函数||harmonic majorant function
调节器||regulator
调优操作||evolutionary operation
调整型抽检||sampling inspection with adjustment
调整子||regulator
调制编码系统||modulation coding system
迭代插值法||iterated interpolation method
迭代抽样方法||iteration sampling technique
迭代法||iteration method
迭代计算||iterative computations
迭代团图||iterated clique graph
迭代循环||iterative loop
叠核||iterated kernel
叠加原理||superposition principle
叠式存储算法||stack algorithm; 又称“堆栈算法”。
顶点||vertex
顶点传递图||vertex transitive graph
顶点次数||degree of a vertex
顶点的权||weight of a vertex
顶点对称||vertex symmetry
顶点子图||vertex subgraph
顶角||vertex angle
定常迭代||stationary iteration
定常系统||time-invariant system
定常相||stationary phase
定点数||fixed-point number
定点运算||fixed-point arithmetic
定额抽样||quota sampling
定二次型||definite quadratic form
定幅曲面||equidistant surface
定货||order
定货交付时间||lead time
定积分||definite integral
定阶问题||problem of determining the order
定阔曲线||curve of constant breadth
定理||theorem
定量观测||quantitative observation
定倾曲线||curve of constant inclination
定时对策||game of timing
定位问题||[] problem
定向胞腔||oriented cell
定向单形||oriented simplex
定向流形||oriented manifold
定向拟阵||oriented matroid
定向图||oriented graph
定性观察||qualitative observation
定性理论||qualitative theory
定义||definition
定义关系||defining relations
定义域||domain
丢番图逼近||Diophantine approximation
丢番图方程||Diophantine equation
丢番图关系||Diophantine relation
丢番图几何||Diophantine geometry
动力[学]方程||equation of dynamics
动力系统||dynamical system
动量算子||momentum operator
动态补偿器||dynamic compensator
动态规划||dynamic programming
动态规划流程图||dynamic programming flow chart
动态规划算法||dynamic programming algorithm
动态规划最优性方程||dynamic programming equation of optimality
动态最优化||dynamic optimization
逗留时间||sojourn time
独立[的]||independent
独立[顶]点集||independent set of vertices
独立边集||independent set of edges
独立方程||independent equation
独立集||independent set, stable set
独立偏度||independent departureness
独立试验||independent trials
独立同分布[的]||independent identically distributed, IID
独立信源||independent source
独立性||independence
独立性检验||test of independence
独立增量过程||process with independent increments, additive process
赌与分裂方法||roulette and splitting method
杜阿梅尔法||Duhamel method
杜布-迈耶分解||Doob-Meyer decomposition
杜福特-弗兰克尔格式||Dufort-Frankel scheme
度||degree; 在图灵归约关系下集合的等价类。
度规函数||gauge function
度规函数的极函||polar of a gauge function
度量||metric
度量格||metric lattice
度量化||metrization
度量可递性||metric transitivity
度量空间||metric space; 又称“距离空间”。
度量密度||metric density
度量凸||metrically convex
度量线性空间||metric linear space
端点定理||extremal point theorem
端方向||extreme direction
端结点||end node
端射线||extreme ray
短正合[序]列||short exact sequence
短轴||minor axis
队列长度||queue length; 简称“队长”。
队列量||queue size
对边||opposite side
对策||game; 又称“博弈”。
对策的阶段||stage of game
对策的值||value of a game
对策论||game theory; 又称“博奕论”。
对策模拟||gaming
对策模型||gaming models
对策树||game tree
对策元素||game element
对称变换||symmetric transformation
对称差||symmetric difference
对称抽样方法||symmetry sampling technique
对称代数||symmetric algebra
对称点||symmetric point
对称对策||symmetric game
对称多项式||symmetric polynomial
对称多重线性映射||symmetric multilinear mapping
对称分布||symmetric distribution
对称格||symmetric lattice
对称核||symmetric kernel
对称化子||symmetrizer
对称矩阵||symmetric matrix
对称马尔可夫过程||symmetric Markov process
对称区组设计||symmetric block design
对称群||symmetric group
对称群的表示||representation of symmetric group
对称双曲[型]组||symmetric hyperbolic system
对称双曲[型]算子||symmetric hyperbolic operator
对称双线性型||symmetric bilinear form
对称算子||symmetric operator; 又称“埃尔米特算子(Hermitian operator)”。
对称图||symmetric graph
对称行列式||symmetric determinant
对称性||symmetry
对称原理||symmetry principle; 解析开拓的一种方法 。
对称张量||symmetric tensor
对称中心||center of symmetry
对称轴||axis of symmetry
对顶角||opposite angles, vertical angles
对分法||bisection method, bisection technique
对分搜索||dichotomous search
对合||involution
对合代数||involutory algebra
对合对射变换||involutive correlation
对合环||involutive ring
对换||transposition
对角[线]化||diagonalization
对角化方法||diagonalization method
对角矩阵||diagonal matrix
对角态射||diagonal morphism
对角线||diagonal
对角线方法||diagonal argument, diagonal method
对角优势||diagonal dominance
对径点||antipodal point
对立事件||complementary events
对偶[性]映射||duality mapping
对偶||dual; 指同一数域上两线性空间X,Y上的一双线性泛函〈X,Y〉(xX,yY)
对偶[线性]映射||dual [linear] mapping
对偶阿贝尔簇||dual Abelian variety
对偶半群||dual semi-group
对偶变量||dual variable
对偶变数方法||antithetic variates method
对偶表示||dual representation
对偶丛||dual bundle
对偶代数||dual algebra
对偶单纯形法||dual simplex method
对偶地图||dual map
对偶定理||duality theorem
对偶对象||dual object
对偶范畴||dual category, cocategory, opposite category
对偶格||dual lattice
对偶规划||dual program
对偶函子||dual functor
对偶化层||dualizing sheaf
对偶基||dual basis
对偶间隙||duality gap
对偶解||dual solution
对偶空间||dual spaces; 又称“共轭空间 (conjugate spaces)”。; dual spaces; 又称“共轭空间 (conjugate spaces)”。 指具有对偶关系的两线性空间
对偶理论||duality theory
对偶链复形||dual chain complex
对偶模||dual module
对偶排队系统||dual queueing system
对偶区组设计||dual block design
对偶曲线||dual curve
对偶算子||dual operator
对偶同构||dual isomorphism
对偶同态||dual homomorphism
对偶同源||dual isogeny
对偶投影||dual projection
对偶线性规划||dual linear programming
对偶向量||dual vector
对偶性||duality
对偶原理||principle of duality; duality principle
对偶约束||dual constraint
对偶锥||dual cone
对射变换||correlation
对数||logarithm
对数单位模型||logit model
对数导数||logarithmic derivative
对数的底||base of logarithm
对数的首数||characteristic of logarithm
对数的尾数||mantissa of logarithm
对数公钥体制||logarithm public key system
对数函数||logarithmic function
对数核||logarithmic kernel
对数积分||logarithmic integral
对数容量||logarithmic capacity
对数位势||logarithmic potential
对数正态分布||logarithmic normal distribution
对象||object
对象的积||product of objects
对象的余积||coproduct of objects
对应||correspondence
对应分析||correspondence analysis
对照||contrast
对照分析||contrast analysis
钝角||obtuse angle
钝角三角形||obtuse triangle
多[字长]精度||multiprecision
多Γ函数||polygamma-function
多边形||polygon
多变量系统||multivariable system; 又称“多输入多输出系统(multi-input multi-output system,
多步法||multistep method
多参数过程||multi-parametric process
多层方法||multi-level method
多层格式||multi-level scheme
多次抽检||multiple sampling inspection
多代矩估计方法||multigeneration moment estimator method
多点帕德逼近||multipoint Padé approximation
多峰分布||multimodal distribution
多复变函数||function of several  complex variables
多级抽样||multistage sampling
多级控制||multilevel control
多级系统||multilevel system
多接入信道||multiple access channel
多阶段对策||multistage game
多阶段决策过程||multistage decision process; 又称“多级决策过程”。
多连通[的]||multiply connected
多连通[区]域||multiply connected domain
多路信道||multi-way channel
多面角||polyhedral angle
多面体||polyhedron
多面体对策||polyhedral game
多面体群||polyhedron group
多目标非线性规划||multiobjective non-linear programming
多目标分式规划||multiobjective fractional programming
多目标规划||multiple objective programming
多目标交互规划方法||multiobjective interactive programming method
多目标决策||multiple criteria decision making
多目标凸规划||multiobjective convex programming
多目标线性规划||multiobjective linear programming
多目标最优化||multiobjective optimization
多群蒙特卡罗方法||multigroup Monte Carlo method
多人对策||multi-person games
多数逻辑译码||majority logic decoding
多台服务系统||multi-server system
多体问题||many-body problem
多维复空间||complex space of several dimensions
多维系统||multidimensional system
多项分布||multinomial distribution
多项式||polynomial
多项式逼近||polynomial approximation
多项式的次数||degree of a polynomial
多项式的容度||content of a polynomial
多项式对策||polynomial game
多项式方程||polynomial equation
多项式环||polynomial ring
多项式回归||polynomial regression
多项式加速[法]||polynomial acceleration
多项式矩阵系统||polynomial matrix system
多项式时间算法||polynomial-time algorithm
多项式伽罗瓦群||Galois group of polynomial
多信源||multiple source
多叶函数||multivalent function
多一可归约性||many one reducibility
多伊林正规形||Deuring normal form
多用户信道||multi-user channel
多用户信息论||multi-user information theory
多余信息||redundant information
多元[统计]分析||multivariate [statistical] analysis
多元插值||multivariate interpolation
多元超几何分布||multivariate hypergeometric distribution
多元多项式||polynomial in several indeterminates
多元方差分析||multivariate analysis of variance
多元函数||function of several variables
多元解析函数||analytic function of several variables
多元全纯函数||holomorphic function of several variables
多元时间序列||multivariate time series
多元线性模型||multivariate linear model
多元样本||multivariate sample
多元正态分布||multivariate normal distribution
多元总体||multivariate population
多圆盘||polydisc
多值函数||multiple valued function, multivalued function
多值逻辑||multivalue logic, many-valued logic, multiple-value logic
多指标||multicriteria
多指标动态规划||multicriteria dynamic programming
多指标过程||multi-indexed process
多种类谓词演算||many sorted predicate calculus
多重比较||multiple comparison
多重尺度问题||multiple scale problem
多重次调和函数||plurisubharmonic function
多重打靶法||multiple shooting method
多重调和函数||pluriharmonic function
多重傅里叶级数||multiple Fourier series
多重共线性||multicollinearity
多重积分||multiple integral
多重极限环||multiple limit-cycle
多重级数||multiple series
多重幂级数||multiple power series
多重排队||multiqueue
多重数值积分||multiple numerical integration
多重特征||multiple characteristics
多重网格||multi-grid
多重网格法||multi-grid method
多重线性代数||multilinear algebra
多重线性泛函||multilinear functional
多重线性算子||multilinear operator
多重线性型||multilinear form
多重线性映射||multilinear mapping
恶性码||catastrophic code
恩斯库格法||Enskog method
二班曲线||curve of the second class; 又称“线圆锥曲线(line conic)”。
二部图||bipartite graph
二次逼近法||quadratic approximation method
二次变换||quadratic transformation
二次插值||quadratic interpolation
二次超曲面||quadratic hypersurface
二次抽检||double sampling inspection
二次对偶||bidual, second dual
二次对偶空间||bidual space
二次对偶问题||quadratic dual problem
二次规划||quadratic programming
二次互反律||quadratic reciprocity law
二次交换子||double commutant
二次空间||quadratic space
二次空间的格||lattice in a quadratic space
二次空间的根||radical of a quadratic space
二次碰撞概率方法||quadratic collision probability method
二次曲面||quadric surface, surface of second order
二次曲线||curve of second order; 又称“圆锥曲线(point conic)”。
二次剩余||quadratic residue
二次同余方程||quadratic congruence
二次型||quadratic form
二次型的等价||equivalence of quadratic forms
二次型的哈塞不变量||Hasse invariant of a quadratic form
二次型的矩阵||matrix of quadratic form
二次型的判别式||discriminant of quadratic form
二次型的秩||rank of quadratic form
二次因子法||quadratic factoring method
二次映射||quadratic mapping
二次域||quadratic field
二次元||quadratic element
二次指派问题||quadratic assignment problem
二级单元||secondary [sampling] unit, second stage unit
二阶变分||second variation
二阶充分条件||second-order sufficient condition
二阶过程||second order process
二阶加托微分||second Gateaux differential
二阶偏微分方程||partial differential equation of second order
二阶算术||second-order arithmetic
二阶稳定性||stability of degree two
二阶效率||second-order efficiency
二阶约束规格||second-order constraint qualification; 又称“二次约束品性”。
二进对称信道||binary symmetric channel
二进分割||dyadic decomposition
二进删除信道||binary erasure channel
二进数群||group of binary numbers
二进域||dyadic field
二进制||binary system
二面体群||dihedral group
二十面体||icosahedron
二维系统||two dimensional system; 简称“2D系统 (2D system)”。
二项方程||binomial equation
二项分布||binomial distribution
二项式||binomial
二项式定理||binomial theorem
二项式系数||binomial coefficients
二因子试验设计||two-way layout
二元函子||bifunctor
二元三次型||binary cubic form
二元运算||binary operation
二值时间序列||binary time series
二重插值||double interpolation
二重差分||double difference
二重点||double point
二重复形||double complex
二重根||double root
二重积分||double integral
二重级数||double series
二重切线||double tangent
发散[性]||divergence
发展方程||evolution equation
罚参数||penalty parameter
罚函数||penalty function; 又称“补偿函数”。
罚函数法||penalty function method
罚似然函数||penalized likelihood function
法贝尔-克拉恩不等式||Faber-Krahn inequality
法丛||normal bundle
法里序列||Farey sequence
法平面||normal plane
法曲率||normal curvature
法图集||Fatou set
法线||normal line, normal
法线式||normal form
法锥||normal cone
法坐标||normal coordinates
反埃尔米特变换||skew-Hermitian transformation
反埃尔米特矩阵||skew-Hermitian matrix, anti-Hermitian matrix
反比||inverse proportion
反变Hom函子||contravariant Hom functor
反变||contravariant
反变函子||contravariant functor
反变张量||contravariant tensor
反变指标||contravariant index
反常对策||improper game
反常积分||improper integral
反常凸函数||improper convex function
反常旋转||improper rotation
反常正交矩阵||improper orthogonal matrix
反称[的]||anti-symmetric
反称变换||skew-symmetric transformation
反称矩阵||skew-symmetric matrix, anti-symmetric matrix; 又称“交错矩阵 (alternating  matrix)”。
反称双线性型||skew-symmetric bilinear form
反称型阿达马矩阵||Hadamard matrices of skew type
反称行列式||skew-symmetric determinant
反代数||opposite algebra
反对数||anti-logarithm
反函数||inverse function
反交换||anti-commutative
反馈函数||feedback function
反馈控制||feedback control
反馈控制器||feedback controller
反馈信道||feedback channel
反馈移位寄存器||feedback shift register
反馈译码||feedback decoding
反馈增益[矩]阵||feedback gain matrix
反馈增益||feedback gain
反例||counter example
反幂法||inverse power method
反三角函数||inverse circular function, inverse trigonometric function
反射壁||reflecting barrier
反同构||anti-isomorphism
反同态||anti-homomorphism
反向图||converse digraph
反演||inversion
反演公式||inversion formula
反演球面||sphere of inversion
反演圆||circle of inversion
反演中心||center of inversion
反应扩散方程||reaction-diffusion equation
反正弦||inverse sine, anti-sine, arc-sine
反正弦分布||arcsine distribution
反自同构||anti-automorphism
返回的||recurrent
范||norm
范畴||category
范畴的等价||equivalence of categories
范畴的同构||isomorphism of categories
范畴论||category theory
范畴逻辑||categorical logic
范畴性||categoricity
范德波尔方程||van der Pol equation
范德科普方法||Van der Corput method
范德蒙德行列式||Vandermonde determinant
范剩余||norm residue
范剩余符号||norm residue symbol
范式||normal form
范数||norm
泛包络代数||universal enveloping algebra
泛代数||universal algebra
泛代数簇||variety of universal algebras
泛代数的同余[关系]||congruence on universal algebra
泛代数的型||type of an universal algebra
泛代数类||class of universal algebras
泛点||generic point
泛对象||universal object
泛分布||universal distribution
泛覆叠群||universal covering group
泛函||functional
泛函分析||functional analysis
泛矩阵代数||generic matrix algebra
泛同态||generic homomorphism
泛性质||universal property
泛映射||universal mapping
泛值型||universal form
方差||variance
方差分量||variance component
方差分量模型||variance component model
方差分析||analysis of variance
方差分析表||analysis of variance table
方差齐性检验||homogeneity test for variance
方程||equation
方向比||direction ratio
方向场||direction field; 又称“线素场 (line element field)”。
方向导数||directional derivative
方向偏倚抽样方法||direction bias sampling method
方阵||square matrix
仿紧空间||paracompact space
仿射[代数]簇||affine [algebraic] variety
仿射包||affine hull
仿射变换||affine transformation
仿射变换群||affine transformation group
仿射超平面||affine hyperplane
仿射簇的维数||dimension of an affine variety
仿射代数群||affine algebraic group
仿射等价||affine congruence, affine equivalence
仿射法线||affine normal
仿射概形||affine scheme
仿射函数||affine function
仿射集||affine set
仿射几何[学]||affine geometry
仿射空间||affine space
仿射联络||affine connection
仿射平面||affine plane
仿射曲率||affine curvature
仿射曲线||affine curve
仿射群||affine group
仿射群的线性化||linearization of affine groups
仿射微分几何 [学]||affine differential geometry
仿射无关||affinely independent
仿射性质||affine property
仿射映射||affine mapping
仿射直线||affine line
仿射中心||center of affinity
仿射坐标||affine coordinate
仿射坐标环||affine coordinate ring
仿微分算子||paradifferential operator
放大矩阵||amplification matrix
放大因子||amplification  factor
放回抽样||sampling with replacement
放空||emptiness
放宽抽检||reduced sampling inspection
菲隆求积||Filon quadrature
菲涅耳积分||Fresnel integral
菲廷分解||Fitting decomposition
非[受]控解||non-dominated solution
非阿贝尔的上同调||non-Abelian cohomology
非阿贝尔类域论||non-Abelian class field theory
非阿基米德几何[学]||non-Archimedean geometry
非阿基米德绝对值||non-Archimedean absolute value
非阿基米德序域||non-Archimedean ordered field
非本原群||imprimitive group
非本质对策||inessential game; 又称“非实质性对策”。
非标准分析||non-standard analysis
非标准量词||non-standard quantifier
非标准模型||non-standard model
非参数回归||non-parametric regression
非参数统计||non-parametric statistics
非常返状态||non-recurrent state, transient state
非德萨格几何||non-Desargues geometry
非对称信道||asymmetric channel
非分歧扩张||unramified extension
非负矩阵||non-negative matrix
非负特征型||non-negative characteristic form
非负凸函数的极函||polar of non-negative convex function
非光滑分析||non-smooth analysis
非光滑最优化||non-smooth optimization
非合作对策||non-cooperative game
非混合理想||unmixed ideal
非季节化序列||deseasonalized series
非减||non-decreasing
非交换环||non-commutative ring
非交换局部化||non-commutative localization
非交换局部环||non-commutative local ring
非交换群||non-commutative group
非交换唯一因子分解||non-commutative unique factorization
非交换整环||non-commutative domain
非交换主理想整环||non-commutative principal ideal domain
非结合代数||non-associative algebra
非结合环||non-associative ring
非结合可除代数||non-associative division algebra
非解析微分方程||non-analytic differential equation
非紧测度||measure of non-compactness
非扩张算子||non-expansive operator
非劣解||non-inferior solution
非零和对策||non-zero-sum game
非迷向向量||anisotropic vector
非迷向子空间||anisotropic subspace
非模拟蒙特卡罗方法||non-analog Monte Carlo method
非欧[几里得]距离||non-Euclidean distance
非欧[几里得]角||non-Euclidean angle
非欧几何[学]||non-Euclidean geometry
非奇[异]点||non-singular point
非奇簇||non-singular variety
非奇异变换||non-singular transformation
非奇异双线性型||non-singular bilinear form
非奇异线性变换||non-singular linear transformation
非齐次边界条件||non-homogeneous boundary condition
非齐次的横分解||inhomogeneous bar resolution
非齐次多项式||inhomogeneous polynomial
非齐次线性方程组||system of non-homogeneous linear equations
非齐次坐标||non-homogeneous coordinates
非齐性总体||heterogeneous populations
非强占型优先权||non-preemptive priority
非切向极限||non-tangential limit
非确定性图灵机||non-deterministic Turing machine
非剩余||non-residue
非受控点||non-dominated point; 又称“非控点”。
非随机化决策函数||non-randomized decision function
非同余||incongruent
非凸二次规划||non-convex quadratic programming
非凸规划||non-convex programming
非退化二次型||non-degenerate quadratic form
非退化基本可行解||non-degenerate basic feasible solution
非退化矩阵||non-degenerate matrix
非退化双线性型||non-degenerate bilinear form
非稳定流形||unstable manifold
非线性[的]||non-linear
非线性本征值问题||non-linear eigenvalue problem
非线性逼近||non-linear approximation
非线性边值问题||non-linear boundary value problem
非线性不稳定性||non-linear instability
非线性递归关系||non-linear recurrence
非线性泛函分析||non-linear functional analysis
非线性复杂度||non-linear complexity
非线性规划||non-linear programming
非线性回归||non-linear regression
非线性积分方程||non-linear integral equation
非线性滤波||non-linear filtering
非线性模型||non-linear model
非线性抛物[型]||non-linear parabolic
非线性偏微分方程||non-linear partial differential equation
非线性双曲[型]||non-linear hyperbolic
非线性同余方法||non-linear congruential method
非线性椭圆[型]||non-linear elliptic
非线性系统||non-linear system
非线性薛定谔方程||non-linear Schrodinger equation
非线性映射||non-linear mapping; 又称“非线性算子(non-linear operator)”。
非线性约束||non-linear constraint
非线性振动||non-linear oscillation
非线性自回归模型||non-linear autoregressive model
非线性最优化||non-linear optimization
非协调板元||non-conforming plate element
非协调膜元||non-conforming membrane element
非协调有限元||non-conforming finite element
非形式公理学||informal axiomatics
非循环码||non-cyclic code
非游荡集||non-wandering set
非增||non-increasing
非增重排函数||non-increasing rearrangement function
非正则边界点||irregular boundary point
非正则尖点||irregular cusp
非正则结点||irregular node
非正则奇点||irregular singular point
非正则素数||irregular prime
非正则网格||irregular net
非直谓[的]||impredicative
非直谓集合论||impredicative set theory
非中心F分布||non-central F-distribution
非中心t分布||non-central t-distribution
非中心χ2分布||non-central chi-square distribution
非中心参数||non-centrality parameter
非中心威沙特分布||non-central Wishart distribution
非主型算子||operator of non-principal type
非自治微分方程组||non-autonomous system of differential equations
费马大定理||Fermat last theorem
费马数||Fermat number
费诺译码算法||Fano decoding algorithm
费希尔判别函数||Fisher discriminant function
费希尔信息函数||Fisher information function
费耶核||Fejér kernel
费耶平均||Fejér mean
费用分析||cost analysis
费用函数||cost function
费用结构||cost structure
费用系数||cost coefficients
费用向量||cost vector
芬斯勒流形||Finsler manifold
分[数]指数||fractional exponent
分比||proportion by subtraction
分布参数系统||distributed parameter system
分布函数||distribution function
分布解||distribution solution; 又称“广义函数解 (generalized function solution)”。
分步法||fractional step method
分部积分法||integration by parts
分层||hierarchy; 对某特定对象类按其元素定义的复杂性建立起来的带有包含关系的分类。; stratification; 指空间的分层。
分层抽样||stratified sampling
分层单纯形法||stratified simplex method
分层多目标规划||stratified multiobjective programming
分叉||forking
分拆函数||partition function
分次代数||graded algebra
分次环||graded ring
分次理想||graded ideal
分次模||graded module
分次同态||graded homomorphism
分次子模||graded submodule
分点||point of division
分段逼近||piecewise approximation
分段插值||piecewise interpolation
分段多项式||piecewise polynomial
分段连续[的]||piecewise continuous
分割的熵||entropy of the partition
分割搜索||sectioning search
分划格||partition lattice
分解群||decomposition group
分解数||decomposition numbers
分解域||decomposition field
分解原理||decomposition principle
分块||partitioning
分块乘法||block multiplication
分块对角矩阵||block diagonal matrix
分块数据压缩||block data compression
分类空间||classifying space
分离变量法||method of separation of variables
分离超平面||separating hyperplane
分离超越基||separating transcendental basis
分离点||separated point
分离定理||separating theorem
分离概形||separated scheme
分离公理||separating axiom
分离集||separated set
分离箭图||separated quiver
分离态射||separated morphism
分离凸集||separated convex set
分离性||separability
分离性公理||separation axiom
分裂[法]||splitting [method]
分裂[运算]||splitting
分裂格||splitting lattice
分裂李代数||split Lie algebra
分裂因子组||splitting factor set
分裂原理||splitting principle
分母||denominator
分配格||distributive lattice
分配律||distributive law
分配问题||distribution problem; al[] problem
分配元||distributive element
分批试验法||block search
分片线性流形||piecewise linear  manifold
分歧理论||bifurcation theory; 又称“分岔理论”。
分歧群||ramification group
分歧域||ramification field
分歧指数||ramification index
分散控制||decentralized control
分式规划||fractional programming
分式环||ring of fractions
分式理想||fractional ideal
分式线性变换||fractional linear transformation
分式域||quotient field; 曾用名“商域”。
分数||fraction
分数次导数||fractional derivative; 又称“非整数阶导数”。
分数次积分||fractional integral; 又称“非整数次积分”。
分位数||quantile
分位数过程||quantile process
分析[学]||analysis
分析解||analytic solution; 又称“解析解”。
分形分析||fractals, fractal analysis
分圆Zp扩张||cyclotomic Zp extension
分圆单位||cyclotomic units
分圆多项式||cyclotomic polynomial
分圆数||cyclotomic number
分圆域||cyclotomic field
分支||branch
分支定界法||branch and bound method; 又称“分支限界法”。
分支过程||branching process
分支类型论||ramified theory of types
分子||numerator
分组编码||block coding
分组长度||block length
分组码||block code; 曾用名“分块码”。
分组译码||block decoding
丰富除子||ample divisor
丰富可逆层||ample invertible sheaf
丰富完全线性系||ample complete linear system
封闭的函数系||closed system of  functions
封闭引理||closing lemma
峰度||kurtosis
风险||risk
风险函数||risk function
风险决策||decision under risk
冯·诺伊曼-莫根施特恩解||von Neumann-Morgenstern solution
冯·诺伊曼代数||von Neumann algebra; 又称“算子环(operator ring)” 。 曾用名“W* 代数(W*-algebra)”。
冯·诺伊曼判据||von Neumann criterion
冯·诺伊曼条件||von Neumann condition
否定[词]||negation
否定[的]||negative
否命题||negative proposition
辐角||argument
辐角原理||argument principle
符号||symbol
符号编码||symbolic coding
符号差||signature
符号计算||symbol computation
符号检验||sign test
符号码||symbolic code
符号体系||symbolism
符号语言||symbolic language
符号秩||signed rank
符号秩检验||signed rank test
服务时间||service time
服务台||server
浮点数||floating-point number
浮点运算||floating-point arithmetic
福科什引理||Farkas lemma
弗拉蒂尼子群||Frattini subgroup
弗兰克-沃尔夫法||Frank-Wolfe method
弗雷德霍姆 r 次余子式||Fredholm r-th minor
弗雷德霍姆初余子式||Fredholm first minor
弗雷德霍姆法||Fredholm method
弗雷德霍姆积分方程||Fredholm integral equation
弗雷德霍姆算子||Fredholm operator; 又称“弗雷德霍姆映射(Fredholm mapping)”。
弗雷德霍姆型积分微分方程||integro-differential equation of Fredholm type
弗雷德霍姆行列式||Fredholm determinant
弗雷德霍姆择一定理||Fredholm alternative theorem
弗雷歇导数||Fréchet derivative
弗雷歇格||Fréchet lattice
弗雷歇可微算子||Frechet differentiable operator
弗雷歇空间||Fréchet space; 简称“F 空间((F)-space)”。
弗里茨·约翰条件||Fritz·John conditions
弗里德里希斯不等式||Friedrichs inequality
弗罗贝尼乌斯互反公式||Frobenius reciprocity formula
弗罗贝尼乌斯环||Frobenius ring
弗罗贝尼乌斯群||Frobenius group
弗罗贝尼乌斯态射||Frobenius morphism
弗罗贝尼乌斯自同构||Frobenius automorphism
弗洛凯定理||Floquet theorem
辅助变量||auxiliary variable
俯角||angle of depression
副迭代||secondary iteration
副法线||binormal
覆叠变换||cover transformation
覆叠空间||covering space
覆叠群||covering group
覆叠同伦||covering homotopy
覆叠同态||covering homomorphism
覆叠映射||covering map
覆盖||cover, covering
覆盖的阶||order of a covering
覆盖的神经||nerve of a covering
覆盖面||covering surface
覆盖维数||covering dimension
覆盖引理||covering lemma
赋范[线性]空间||normed linear spaces; 又称“赋范向量空间(normed vector spaces)”。
赋范代数||normed algebra
赋范环||normed ring; 具有单位元的交换巴拿赫代数。
赋值||valuation; 对公式的真假性解释。; valuation
赋值的阶||rank of a valuation
赋值的扩张||extension of a valuation; 又称“赋值的开拓”。
赋值等价||equivalence of valuations
赋值环||valuation ring
赋值论||valuation theory
复变函数||function of complex variable
复变数||complex variable
复表示||complex representation
复测度||complex measure
复乘||complex multiplication
复单连通解析李群||complex simply connected analytic Lie group
复分析||complex analysis
复根||complex root
复共轭的||complex conjugate
复合||composition
复合泊松过程||compound Poisson process
复合抽样方法||composition sampling technique
复合代数||composition algebra
复合函数||composite function, compound function
复合假设||composite hypothesis
复合矩阵||compound matrix
复合群||composite group
复合设计||composite design
复合梯形公式||compound trapezoidal formula
复合辛普森公式||compound Simpson formula, composite Simpson formula
复合形法||complex method
复合映射||composite mapping
复合中点公式||compound midpoint formula
复化||complexification
复积分||complex integral
复结构||complex structure
复解析表示||complex analytic representation
复解析动力系统||complex analytic dynamics; 又称“复解析动力学”。
复李群||complex Lie group
复流形||complex manifold
复平面||complex plane
复射影空间||complex projective space
复数||complex number
复数的三角形式||trigonometrical form of complex number
复数域||complex number field
复随机变量||complex random variable
复位势||complex potential
复线性空间||complex linear space
复相关||multiple correlation
复相关系数||multiple correlation coefficient
复形||complex
复一般线性群||complex general linear group
复振荡||complex oscillation
复正交群||complex orthogonal group
傅里叶-贝塞尔变换||Fourier-Bessel transform
傅里叶-贝塞尔级数||Fourier-Bessel series
傅里叶-拉普拉斯变换||Fourier-Laplace transform
傅里叶-斯蒂尔切斯变换||Fourier-Stieltjes transform
傅里叶变换||Fourier transform
傅里叶反演公式||Fourier inversion formula
傅里叶分析||Fourier analysis
傅里叶积分||Fourier integral
傅里叶积分算子||Fourier integral operator
傅里叶级数||Fourier series
傅里叶逆变换||inverse Fourier transform
傅里叶系数||Fourier coefficient
傅里叶余弦变换||Fourier cosine transform
傅里叶正弦变换||Fourier sine transform
负半定二次型||negative semi-definite quadratic form
负变差||negative variation
负超几何分布||negative hypergeometric distribution
负定二次型||negative definite quadratic form
负定矩阵||negative definite matrix
负多项分布||negative multinomial distribution
负二项分布||negative binomial distribution
负范数||negative norm
负号||negative sign
负偏差||negative deviation
负数||negative number
负稳定矩阵||negative stable matrix
负元[素]||negative element
负整数||negative integer
富克斯群||Fuchsian group
富克斯型方程||equation of Fuchs type
概括公理||comprehension axiom
概率[坐标]纸||probability paper
概率||probability
概率测度||probability measure
概率测度近邻性||contiguity of probability measures
概率测度奇异性||singularity of probability measures
概率抽样||probability sampling
概率单位模型||probit model
概率度量空间||probabilistic metric space
概率分布||probability distribution
概率函数||probability function
概率距离||probability metrics
概率空间||probability space
概率论||probability theory
概率逻辑||probability logic
概率母函数||probability generating function
概率位势理论||probabilistic potential theory
概率译码||probabilistic decoding
概形||scheme
概形的粘合||gluing of schemes
概形上的射影空间||projective space over a scheme
概形态射||morphism of schemes
概形同构||isomorphism of schemes
盖尔范德-列维坦积分方程||Gelfand-Levitan integral equation
盖尔范德表示||Gelfand representation
盖根鲍尔多项式||Gegenbauer polynomial; 又称“超球多项式 (hyperspherical polynomial)”。
干扰||interfere
干扰解耦||disturbance decoupling
干扰输入||disturbance input
刚度矩阵||stiffness matrix
刚性||rigidity
刚性组||stiff system
高[度]||height
高负荷服务||heavy traffic
高阶差分||difference of higher order, higher difference
高阶导数||derivative of higher order
高阶等差数列||arithmetic progression of higher order
高阶逻辑||high order logic
高阶偏导数||partial derivative of higher order
高阶偏微分方程||partial differential equation of higher order
高阶奇点||singular point of higher order
高阶微分||differential of higher order
高阶微分方程||differential equation of higher order
高阶线性双曲[型]方程||linear hyperbolic equation of higher order
高阶线性椭圆[型]方程||linear elliptic equation of higher order
高斯-若尔当消元法||Gauss-Jordan elimination
高斯-雅可比恒等式||Gauss-Jacobi identity
高斯变分问题||Gauss variational problem
高斯测度||Gauss measure
高斯插值公式||Gauss interpolation formula
高斯过程||Gauss process
高斯和||Gauss sum
高斯积分[法]||Gauss integration
高斯曲率||Gaussian curvature
高斯消元法||Gauss elimination
高斯信道||Gaussian channel
高斯信源||Gaussian source
高斯型求积||Gaussian type quadrature
高斯映射||Gauss mapping
高线||altitude
哥德巴赫问题||Goldbach problem
哥德尔配数法||Godel numbering
戈丹定理||Gordan theorem
戈杜诺夫法||Godunov method
戈尔丁不等式||Garding inequality
戈尔丁双曲性条件||Garding hyperbolicity condition
戈莱码||Golay code
戈帕码||Goppa code
割补术||surgery
割补阻碍||surgery obstruction
割点||cut point; cut point; 指测地射线上的割点。
割点图||cut point graph
割迹||cut locus
割集||cutset
割平面法||cutting plane method
割线法||secant method
割圆曲线||quadratrix
格||lattice
格的类||class of a lattice
格的旋量种||spinor genus of a lattice
格的种||genus of a lattice
格等式||lattice equality
格等式类||equational class of lattices
格点分布||lattice distribution
格多项式||lattice polynomial
格拉姆-施密特正交化方法||Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization process
格拉姆行列式||Gram determinant
格拉斯曼簇||Grassmanian variety
格朗沃尔不等式||Gronwall inequality
格理想||ideal of a lattice
格林[积分]公式||Green [integral] formula
格林公式||Green formula
格林函数||Green function
格林函数蒙特卡罗方法||Green function Monte Carlo method
格林容量||Green capacity
格林位势||Green potential
格滤子||filter of a lattice; 又称“对偶理想(dual ideal)”。
格论||lattice theory
格罗滕迪克群||Grothendieck group
格群||lattice group
格同构||lattice isomorphism
格同态||lattice homomorphism
格序线性空间||lattice-ordered linear space; 又称“向量格(vector lattice)”。
格子码||trellis code; 又称“篱码”。
格子图||trellis diagram; 又称“篱图”。
个体||individual
个体变元||individual variable
个体遍历定理||individual ergodic theorem; 又称“逐点遍历定理(pointwise ergodic theorem)”。
根||root
根[基]||radical
根的重数||multiplicity of root
根号||radical sign
根环||radical ring
根平方法||root-squaring method
根式||radical
根式扩张||radical extension
根添加||adjunction of roots
根指数||radical exponent
根子空间||root subspace
更比||proportion by alternation
更换策略||replacement strategy
更换理论||replacement theory
更列问题||derangement problem
更新定理||renewal theorem
更新方程||renewal equation
更新过程||renewal process
更新函数||renewal function
更新论||renewal theory
更新密度||renewal density
功率密度谱||power density spectrum
功率谱||power spectrum
功率谱密度||power spectrum density
功效函数||power function; 检验函数的期望。
供选方案||alternatives
公倍数||common multiple
公比||common ratio
公差||common difference
公分母||common denominator
公共信道||common channel
公共因子||common factor
公开密钥||public key
公理A||axiom A
公理||axiom; 又称“公设(postulate)”。
公理方法||axiomatic method
公理化集合论||axiomatic set theory
公理化理论||axiomatic theory
公理学||axiomatics
公式||formula
公信息||common information; 又称“共信息”。
公因数||common divisor
公钥体制||public key system
弓形||segment of a circle
贡献蒙特卡罗方法||contribution Monte Carlo method
共变||covariant
共变导数||covariant derivative
共变函子||covariant functor
共变微分||covariant differential
共变张量||covariant tensor
共变指标||covariant index
共点||concurrent
共合积||amalgamated product
共焦[的]||confocal
共面[的]||coplanar
共谱||co-spectrum
共尾保积函子||cofinal product-preserving functor
共尾性||cofinality
共尾子集||cofinal subset
共线||collinear
共形不变量||conformal invariant
共形的||conformal
共形几何||conformal geometry
共形空间||conformal space
共形映射||conformal mapping; 曾用名“保形映射”,“共形映照”。
共域变换方法||corregion transformation method
共振现象||resonance phenomenon
共轭||conjugate
共轭凹函数||conjugate concave  function
共轭表示||conjugate representation
共轭泊松核||conjugate Poisson kernel
共轭代数数||conjugate algebraic numbers
共轭点||conjugate point
共轭调和函数||conjugate harmonic function
共轭方向法||conjugate direction method
共轭复数||conjugate complex number
共轭傅里叶积分||conjugate Fourier integral
共轭根||conjugate roots
共轭轨迹||conjugate locus
共轭函数||conjugate function
共轭级数||conjugate series
共轭焦点||conjugate foci
共轭矩阵||conjugate matrix
共轭双曲面||conjugate hyperboloids
共轭双曲线||conjugate hyperbolas
共轭双重函数||conjugate bifunction
共轭梯度法||conjugate gradient method
共轭凸函数||conjugate  convex function
共轭微分算子||conjugate differential operator
共轭先验分布族||family of conjugate prior distributions
共轭域||conjugate field
共轭元||conjugate elements
共轭圆锥曲线||conjugate conics
共轭直径||conjugate diameters
共轭直线||conjugate lines
共轭轴||conjugate axis
共轭子群||conjugate subgroups
勾股定理||Pythagoras theorem; 曾用名“商高定理”,又称“毕达哥拉斯定理”。
构形||configuration
构造论者||constructivist
构造性||constructivity
构造性定义||constructive definition
构造序数||constructive ordinals
估计[量]||estimate, estimator
估计的效率||efficiency of an estimate
估计器||estimator
孤[立]点||isolated point
孤[立]子||soliton
孤[立]元||isol
孤波||solitary wave
孤立奇点||isolated singular point, isolated singularity
孤立素理想||isolated prime ideal
孤立系统||isolated system
孤立子系统||isolated subsystem
古典概率||classical probability
骨架||skeleton
故障率||failure rate; 又称“失效率”。
故障模式和效应分析||failure mode and effect analysis, FMEA
故障频度||failure frequency
故障树分析||fault tree analysis
顾客||customer; 又称“服务对象”。
固定模||fixed mode
固定奇点||fixed singular point
固定效应模型||fixed effect model
固定终点变分问题||fixed end point variational problem
固有误差||inherent error
拐点||inflection point
怪球面||exotic sphere
关键路线进度表||critical path scheduling
关联公理||incidence axioms, axiom of connection
关联矩阵||incidence matrices
关联数||incidence number
关联系统||interconnected system
关联预估法||interaction prediction approach
关系||relation
观测器||observer
观测误差||observational error
观测值||observed value
管状邻域||tubular neighborhood
惯性律||law of inertia
惯性群||inertia group
惯性域||inertia field
惯性指数||index of inertia
光滑簇||smooth variety
光滑概形||smooth scheme
光滑函数||smooth function
光滑化算子||mollifier
光滑流形||smooth manifold
光滑态射||smooth morphism
光子信道||photon channel
广播信道||broadcast channel
广群||groupoid
广义 m 维单纯形||generalized m-dimensional simplex
广义贝叶斯估计||generalized Bayes estimate
广义贝叶斯决策函数||generalized Bayes decision function
广义本征空间||generalized eigenspace
广义本征值||generalized eigenvalue
广义博尔扎问题||generalized Bolza problem
广义伯努利推移||generalized Bernoulli shift
广义泊松过程||generalized Poisson process
广义布尔代数||generalized Boolean algebra
广义布尔格||generalized Boolean lattice
广义导数||generalized derivative
广义等周问题||generalized isoperimetric problem
广义狄利克雷问题||generalized Dirichlet problem
广义多胞体||generalized polytope
广义多项式逼近||generalized polynomial approximation
广义多圆盘||generalized polydisc
广义方向导数||generalized directional derivative
广义傅里叶积分||generalized Fourier integral
广义傅里叶展开||generalized Fourier expansion
广义格林公式||generalized Green formula
广义过程||generalized process, random distribution
广义函数||generalized function
广义函数局部化||localization of distribution
广义函数卷积||convolution of distributions
广义函数空间||space of generalized function
广义函数支集||support of distribution
广义函数直积||direct product of distributions
广义惠更斯原理||Huyghens principle in wider sense
广义极限||generalized limit
广义几何规划||generalized geometric programming
广义解||generalized solution
广义解析函数||generalized analytic function
广义局部极值||generalized local extremum
广义矩阵帕德逼近||generalized matrix Padé approximation
广义卷积||generalized convolution
广义拉盖尔多项式||generalized Laguerre polynomial
广义拉格朗日乘子||generalized Lagrange multiplier
广义拉梅方程||generalized Lamé equation
广义理想类群||generalized ideal class group
广义连续统假设||generalized continuum hypothesis
广义马蒂厄函数||broad sense Mathieu function
广义幂级数解||solution of generalized power series
广义幂零元||generalized nilpotent element
广义拟阵||greedoid
广义逆矩阵||generalized inverse matrix
广义帕德逼近||generalized Padé approximation
广义三角多项式||generalized trigonometric polynomial
广义三角级数||generalized trigonometric series
广义施勒米希级数||generalized series of Schlomilch
广义四元数环||generalized quaternion ring
广义四元数群||generalized quaternion group
广义特征[标]||generalized character, virtual character
广义梯度||generalized gradient
广义凸规划||generalized convex program
广义网络||generalized network
广义先验分布||generalized prior distribution
广义线性模型||generalized linear model
广义线性系统||generalized linear system
广义信息||generalized information
广义雅可比矩阵||generalized Jacobian
广义有理逼近||generalized rational approximation
广义约化梯度法||generalized reduced gradient method, GRG; 曾用名“广义既约梯度法”。
规避对策||evasion game
规范群||gauge group
规范正交函数系||system of orthonormal  functions
规范正交基||orthonormal basis;     又称“幺正基”。
规范正交系||orthonormal system
归纳定义||definition by induction
归纳极限||inductive limit; 又称“正[向]极限  (direct  limit)”。
归纳逻辑||inductive logic
归纳序集||inductive ordered set
归纳证明||proof by induction
归约||reduction
轨道||orbit
轨道分解公式||orbit decomposition formula
轨道稳定性||orbital stability
轨迹||locus
轨形||orbifold
滚线||rolling curve
国际数学联合会||International Mathematical Union, IMU
过程的等价形||version of process
过程的实现||realization of process
过程的投影||projection of process
过程的修正||modification of process
过度收敛||overconvergence
过渡条件||transition condition
过渡运动||transient motion
过分函数||excessive function
过剩近似值||upper approximate value; 曾用名“上近似值”。
哈代-李特尔伍德方法||Hardy-Littlewood method
哈代-李特尔伍德极大函数||Hardy-Littlewood maximal function
哈尔测度||Haar measure
哈尔条件||Haar condition
哈密顿-雅可比-贝尔曼方程||Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equation
哈密顿-雅可比方程||Hamilton-Jocobi equation
哈密顿典范方程||Hamilton canonical equations
哈密顿方程||Hamilton equation
哈密顿圈||Hamiltonian cycle
哈密顿图||Hamiltonian graph
哈密顿微分系统||Hamiltonian differential system
哈密顿原理||Hamilton principle
哈默尔基||Hamel basis
哈默斯坦积分方程||Hammerstein integral equation
哈默斯坦算子||Hammerstein operator
哈纳克不等式||Harnack inequality
哈塞-闵可夫斯基原理||Hasse-Minkowski principle
哈塞不变量||Hasse invariant
海曼法||Hyman method
海森伯格群||Hessenberg group
海森伯矩阵||Heissenberg matrix
海廷代数||Heyting algebra
亥姆霍兹方程||Helmholz equation
含误差变量模型||errors-in-variables model
函数||function
函数逼近论||approximation theory of functions
函数代数||function algebra; 又称“一致代数(uniform algebra)”。
函数的除子||divisor of a function
函数的级数展开||expansion of a function in series
函数迭代法||function iteration method
函数方程||functional equation
函数方程法||function equation approach
函数符号||function symbol
函数构造论||constructive theory of functions
函数空间||function space
函数平移||translation of functions
函数无关||functionally independent
函数相关||functionally dependent
函数项级数||series of functions
函子Ext||functor Ext
函子Tor||functor Tor
函子||functor
函子的泛元||universal element of a functor
函子的复合||composite of functors
函子范畴||category of functors
汉克尔变换||Hankel transform
汉克尔渐近展开||Hankel asymptotic expansion
汉克尔算子||Hankel operator
汉明界||Hamming bound
汉明距离||Hamming distance, Hamming metric
汉明码||Hamming code
航班问题||problem of routing aircraft
豪斯多夫测度||Hausdorff measure
豪斯多夫维数||Hausdorff dimension
豪斯霍尔德变换||Householder transformation
豪斯霍尔德法||Householder method
豪斯霍尔德矩阵||Householder matrix
好约化||good reduction
耗散部分||dissipative part
耗散算子||dissipative operator
耗散态||dissipative state
耗散微分方程||dissipative differential equation
核广义函数||kernel distribution
核函数||kernel function
核型估计||kernel type estimator
核型空间||nuclear space
核型算子||nuclear operator
和||sum
和乐群||holonomy group
和校验||sum check
合比||proportion by addition
合成列||composition series
合成算子||composite operator
合成因子||composition factor
合成因子列||composition factor series
合冲||syzygy
合取[词]||conjunction; 又称“逻辑积(logical product)”。
合取范式||conjunctive normal form
合取项||conjunct
合式[的]||well-formed
合式公式||well-formed formula
合数||composite number
合作对策||cooperative game
赫尔德不等式||Holder inequality
赫尔德求和[法]||Holder summation [method]
赫尔德条件||Holder condition
赫尔维茨公式||Hurwitz formula
赫戈分裂||Heegard splitting
赫格内尔点||Heegner point
赫克环||Hecke ring
赫克算子||Hecke operator
赫克特征[标]||Hecke  character, Grossencharakter(德)
赫维赛德函数||Heaviside function; 又称“单位函数(unit function)”。
黑塞矩阵||Hessian matrix
黑塞行列式||Hessian determinant
亨特过程||Hunt process
亨特核||Hunt kernel
亨泽尔赋值||Hensel valuation
亨泽尔赋值域||Hensel valuation field
亨泽尔环||Henselian ring
横[坐标]轴||axis of abscissas
横截||transversal
横截设计||transversal design
横截系||transversal system
横截相交||transverse intersection
横截性||transversality
横截性条件||condition of transversality
横坐标||abscissa
恒等[式]||identity
恒等代换||identical substitution
恒时信道||time-invariant channel
恒同映射||identity  mapping
红黑划分||red/black partitioning
后到先服务||last-come first-served, LCFS
后继||successor
后继函数||successor function
后项||consequent
后向抛物[型]方程||backward parabolic equation
后向搜索||sweep backward
后验分布||posterior distribution
后验风险[函数]||posterior risk [function]
后验概率||posterior probability
弧||arc; 又称“有向边(directed edge)”。; arc
弧度[法]||radian measure
弧度||radian
弧连通[的]||arcwise connected
弧线搜索法||arc search method
互补几何规划||complementary geometric programming
互补松弛定理||theorem of complementary slackness
互补凸规划||complementary convex program
互补性问题||complementarity problem
互斥析取||exclusive disjunction
互反方程||reciprocal equation
互反律||reciprocity  law
互激点过程||mutually exciting point process
互谱||cross spectrum
互扰信道||interference channel
互素||coprime, relatively prime
互相关函数||cross correlation function
互信息||mutual information
互熵||cross entropy
华-维诺格拉多夫方法||Hua-Vinogradov method
华-王方法||Hua-Wang method; 又称“实分圆域法(method of real cyclotomic field)”。
华林问题||Waring problem
滑动平均模型||moving-average model, MA model
画法几何 [学]||descriptive geometry
划分||partition
化圆为方[问题]||quadrature of a circle
怀特黑德群||Whitehead group
坏约化||bad reduction
环||ring
环柄||handle
环层||sheaf of rings
环的导子||derivation of a ring
环的对合||involution of a ring
环的格罗滕迪克群||Grothendieck group of a ring
环的怀特黑德群||Whitehead group of a ring
环的极大谱||maximal spectrum of a ring
环的谱||spectrum of a ring
环的森田相似||Morita similar of rings
环的施坦贝格群||Steinberg group of a ring
环的诣零根||nilradical of a ring
环的整体维数||global dimension of rings
环的直和||direct sum of rings
环的直积||direct product of rings
环的中心||center of a ring
环范畴||category of rings
环籍模的扩张||extension of ring by module
环流[量]||circulation
环论||ring theory
环面||torus, anchor ring
环面群||torus group
环绕数||linking number
环上矩阵群||matrix group over rings
环同构||ring isomorphism
环同态||ring homomorphism
环形区域||annular region
缓增C∞类函数||slowly increasing C∞ function
缓增广义函数||slowly increasing distribution
换位子||commutator
换位子群||commutator subgroup; 又称“导群(derived group)”。
换元积分法||integration by substitution
幻方||magic square
黄金分割搜索||golden section search
回避对策||eluding game
回代||back substitution
回复点||recurrent point
回复运动||recurrent motion
回归分析||regression analysis
回归估计||regression estimate
回归函数||regression function
回归设计||regression design
回归系数||regression coefficient
回归诊断||regression diagnostics
回路||circuit
回收方向||direction of recession
回收锥||recession cone
惠更斯原理||Huyghens principle
惠特克函数||Whittaker function
惠特克微分方程||Whittaker differential equation
汇||sink
汇点||sink
汇合型超几何方程||confluent hypergeometric equation
汇合型超几何函数||hypergeometric function of confluent type
汇合型函数||function of confluent type
汇合型微分方程||differential equation of confluent type
混合边界条件||mixed boundary condition
混合边界问题||mixed boundary problem; 又称“第三边值问题 (third boundary value problem)”。
混合策略||mixed strategy
混合惩罚法||mixed penalty method
混合分布||mixing distribution
混合矩||mixed moment
混合理想||mixed ideal
混合条件||mixing condition
混合条件分布||mixed conditional distribution
混合同余方法||mixed congruential method
混合外代数||mixed exterior algebra
混合线性模型||mixed linear model
混合型边界条件||boundary condition of mixed type
混合型方程||equation of mixed type
混合有限元法||mixed finite element method
混合张量||mixed tensor
混合张量代数||mixed tensor algebra
混合整数规划||mixed integer programming
混合制系统||mixed system
混合字母表||mixed alphabet
混料设计||mixture design
混淆误差||aliasing error
混循环小数||mixed recurring decimal
混杂[法]||confounding
混沌||chaos
混沌分解||chaos decomposition
活动标架||moving frame
活动分析||activity analysis
活动三面形||moving trihedral
获胜联盟||winning coalition; 又称“赢联盟”。
霍尔子群||Hall subgroup
霍赫希尔德上同调群||Hochschild cohomology group
霍姆格伦唯一性定理||Holmgren uniqueness theorem
霍普夫不变量||Hopf invariant
霍普夫丛||Hopf bundle
霍普夫代数||Hopf algebra
霍普夫映射||Hopf mapping
霍奇斜率||Hodge slope
霍奇折线||Hodge polygon
霍特林T2统计量||Hotelling T2-statistic
基[本]变量||basic variable
基本[区]域||fundamental region
基本不变式||basic invariant
基本单位系||system of fundamental units
基本点||fundamental point
基本对称多项式||fundamental symmetric polynomial
基本函数||fundamental function
基本函数支集||support of fundamental function
基本解||fundamental solution
基本解组||fundamental system of solutions; 指常微分方程组的解。
基本可行解||basic feasible solution
基本空间||fundamental space
基本邻域系||fundamental system of neighborhoods
基本区||fundamental domain
基本群||fundamental group
基本事件||elementary event
基本事件空间||space of elementary events
基本同调类||fundamental homology class
基本运算||fundamental operations
基本张量||fundamental tensor
基本支配权||fundamental dominant weight
基本周期||fundamental period
基本周期平行四边形||fundamental period parallelogram
基变换||change of bases
基点||base point
基尔霍夫法||Kirchhoff method
基尔霍夫公式||Kirchhoff formula
基弗过程||Kiefer process
基数||cardinal number
基域||ground field
机会对策||game of chance
机会约束||chance constraint
机会约束规划||chance constrained programming
机器误差||machine error
机械求积||mechanical quadrature
机械求体积||mechanical cubature
积||product
积测度||product measure
积测度空间||product measure space
积丛||product bundle
积簇||product variety
积定向||product orientation
积范畴||product category
积分||integral
积分变换||integral transform
积分常数||constant of integration, integral constant
积分抽样方法||integration sampling technique
积分法||integration
积分方程||integral equation
积分方程核||kernel of an integral equation
积分几何[学]||integral geometry
积分控制||integral control
积分流形||integral manifold
积分路径||path of integration
积分曲面||integral surface
积分曲线||integral curve
积分上限||upper limit of integral
积分算子||integral operator
积分微分方程||integro-differential equation
积分下限||lower limit of integral
积分学||integral calculus
积分因子||integrating factor
积分域||domain of integration
积分直和||integral direct sum; 又称“直积分(direct integral)”。
积复形||product complex
积和式||permanent
积极约束||active constraint
积集||product set
积可测集||product measurable set
积可测空间||product measurable space
积空间||product space
积拓扑||product topology
迹||trace, spur; trace of von Neumann algebra; 指冯·诺伊曼代数的迹。
迹范数||trace norm
迹空间||trace space
迹理想||trace ideal
迹形式||trace form
迹族||trace class; 又称“核族(nuclear class)”。
激波间断||shock discontinuity
激波条件||shock condition
吉布斯态||Gibbs state
吉布斯现象||Gibbs phenomenon
吉尔法||Gear method
吉文斯法||Givens method
极[点]||pole
极差||range; 样本中最大值与最小值之差。
极超曲面||polar hypersurface
极除子||polar divisor
极大遍历定理||maximal-ergodic theorem
极大不等式||maximal inequality
极大代数||maximum algebra
极大单调算子||maximal monotone operator; 又称“极大单调映射(maximal monotone mapping)”。
极大点||maximum point
极大独立集||maximal independent set
极大对称算子||maximal symmetric operator
极大泛代数||maximal universal algebra
极大风险模型||maximum risk pattern
极大化||maximization
极大化极小法||maximin method
极大化模型||maximization model
极大化序列||maximizing sequence
极大环面||maximal torus
极大集||maximal set
极大理想||maximal ideal
极大滤子||maximal filter
极大条件||maximum condition
极大序模||maximal order
极大右理想||maximal right ideal
极大元||maximal element
极大正规算子||maximal normal operator
极大值||maximum
极大子群||maximal subgroup
极大左理想||maximal left ideal
极点||pole; 一种孤立奇点。
极点的阶||order of pole; 又称“极点的重数 (multiplicity of pole)”。
极点配置||pole assignment, pole placement
极端不连通空间||extremely disconnected space
极丰富层||very ample sheaf
极丰富丛||very ample bundle
极化的阿贝尔簇||polarized Abelian variety
极集||polar set, α-polar set; polar
极类||polar class
极面||polar plane
极式分解||polar decomposition
极限||limit
极限策略||limiting strategy
极限点||limiting point; 指序列的极限点 。
极限定理||limit theorem
极限函数||limiting function, limit function
极限环||limit-cycle; 又称“极限圈”。
极限序数||limit ordinal number
极限鞅||martingale in limit
极线||polar line
极小遍历||minimally ergodic
极小点||minimum point
极小度||minimal degree
极小对||minimal pair
极小多项式||minimal polynomial
极小化||minimization
极小化方法||minimization method
极小化极大||minimax
极小化极大逼近||minimax approximation
极小化极大估计||minimax estimate
极小化极大解||minimax solution
极小化极大决策函数||minimax decision function
极小化极大序贯决策函数||minimax sequential decision function
极小化极大原理||minimax principle
极小化模型||minimization model
极小极大策略||minimax strategy
极小极大定理||minimax theorem
极小解||minimum solution
极小理想||minimal ideal
极小模型||minimal model
极小曲面||minimal surface
极小曲面方程||minimal surface equation
极小时间问题||problem of minimum time
极小条件||minimum condition
极小向量||minimal vectors
极小右理想||minimal right ideal
极小元||minimal element
极小值||minimum
极小子流形||minimal submanifold
极小左理想||minimal left ideal
极值||extremum
极值场||extremal field
极值长度||extremal length
极值点||extreme point
极值分布||extreme-value distribution
极值曲线||extremal curve
极值原理||extremum principle
极坐标||polar coordinates
集[合]||set
集的边界||boundary of a set
集的核||nucleus of a set
集范畴||category of sets
集函数||set function
集合度规||gauge of set
集合论||set theory
集结法||aggregation method
集团蒙特卡罗方法||cluster Monte Carlo method
集压缩映射||set contraction mapping
集值[的]||set-valued
集值函数映射||set-valued function mapping, multivalued function mapping
集值增生算子||set-valued accretive operator, multivalued accretive operator
集指标过程||set-indexed process
集中函数||concentration function
集中控制||centralized control
集总参数系统||lumped parameter system; 又称“集中参数系统”。
及时单纯集||promptly simple set
急减C∞类函数||rapidly decreasing C∞ function
急减广义函数||rapidly decreasing distribution
级数||series
级数的和||sum of series
级数解||series solution
级数求和||summation of series
几何[学]||geometry
几何测度论||geometric measure theory
几何单纯复形||geometric  simplicial complex
几何单形||geometric simplex
几何分布||geometric distribution
几何概率||geometric probability
几何格||geometric lattice
几何规划||geometric programming
几何亏格||geometric genus
几何码||geometric code
几何平均||geometric mean
几何实现||geometric realization
几何约化的||geometrically reduced
几何约束||geometrical constraint
几何整的||geometrically integral
几何正则的||geometrically regular
几何重数||geometric multiplicity
几乎必然||almost sure, almost certain
几乎必然收敛||almost sure convergence
几乎处处||almost everywhere, a.e
几乎处处收敛||convergence almost everywhere
几乎一致收敛||almost uniform convergence
脊线||line of regression
季节性模型||seasonal model
计划评审法||program evaluation and review technique, PERT
计量抽检||sampling inspection by variables
计数抽检||sampling inspection by attributes
计数过程||counting process
计数函数||counting function
计数统计量||counting statistic
计数问题||enumeration problem
计算[的]不稳定性||computational instability
计算||computation
计算的分布||computational distribution
计算方法||computing method
计算复杂性||computational complexity
计算效率||computational efficiency
记忆梯度法||memory gradient method
既约剩余系||reduced system of residues
嘉当-基灵型||Cartan-Killing form
嘉当不变量||Cartan invariants
嘉当矩阵||Cartan matrix
嘉当子代数||Cartan subalgebra
夹角||included angle
加||plus
加边矩阵||bordered matrix
加抽样方法||additional sampling technique
加法||addition
加法交换律||commutative law of addition
加法结合律||associative law of addition
加法消去律||cancellation law for addition
加减消元法||elimination by addition and subtraction
加密||encipher
加强连续性||intensified continuity; 又称“弱强连续性”。
加权逼近||weighted approximation
加权不等式||weighted inequality
加权残差||weighted residual
加权方法||weight method
加权极小化极大算法||weighted minimax algorithm; 又称“劳勃算法(Loeb algorithm)”。
加权误差||weighted error
加权余量法||weighted residual method
加权最小二乘法||method of weighted least squares
加数||addend
加速||speedup
加速过度||overacceleration
加同余方法||additional congruential method
加托导数||Gateaux derivative
加托可微算子||Gateaux differentiable operator
加细网格||refined net, refined mesh
加性[的]||additive
加性范畴||additive category
加性函子||additive functor
加性集函数||additive set function
加性数论||additive number theory;     又称“堆垒数论”。
加性约化||additive reduction
加严抽检||tightened sampling inspection
假设||hypothesis
假设检验||hypothesis testing
假值||falsity
价值论||value theory
尖点||cusp
尖点形式||cusp form
尖峰[的]||leptokurtic
间断分解||discontinuity decomposition
间断解||discontinuous solution
间隙||gap
检测概率||detection probability; 又称“侦破概率”。
检验||test
检验函数||test function, critical function
检验批||inspection lot
检验水平||size of a test
检验统计量||test statistic
简单闭曲线||simple closed curve
简单波||simple waves
简单打靶法||simple shooting method
简单对策||simple game
简单多数对策||simple majority game
简单假设||simple hypothesis
简单连分数||simple continued fraction
简单流||simple stream
简单随机抽样||simple random sampling
简单随机样本||simple random sample
简化除子||reduced divisor
简化范||reduced norm
简化方程||reduced equation
简化迹||reduced trace
减||minus
减法||subtraction
减函数||decreasing function
减数||subtrahend
减算子||decreasing operator; 指在具正锥的巴拿赫空间中。
箭头图||arrow diagram
箭图||quiver
箭图的表示||representation of quiver
箭图的二次空间||quadratic space of quiver
箭图的刚体表示||rigid representation of quiver
渐近方向||asymptotic direction
渐近分数||convergents
渐近广义梯度||asymptotic generalized gradient
渐近极小化极大估计||asymptotically minimax estimate
渐近级数||asymptotic series
渐近路径||asymptotic path
渐近切线||asymptotic tangent
渐近曲线||asymptotic curve
渐近扰动理论||asymptotic perturbation theory
渐近收敛||asymptotic  convergence
渐近收敛速率||asymptotic rate of convergence
渐近稳定性||asymptotic stability
渐近线||asymptote
渐近有效估计||asymptotically efficient estimate
渐近展开||asymptotic expansion
渐近值||asymptotic value
渐近中心||asymptotic center
渐近锥面||asymptotic cone
渐近鞅||asymptotic martingale
渐屈线||evolute
渐伸线||involute
降 L-S 定理||downward Lowenheim-Skolem theorem
降阶法||method of reduction of order
降阶观测器||reduced order observer
降阶模型||reduced model
降链条件||descending chain condition
降维法||method of descent, method of reduction of dimension
降维展开[法]||expansion of decreasing dimension
焦点||focus; 常微分方程组的一种孤立奇点。
焦集||focal set
焦散曲面||caustic surface
交||intersection; meet
交半格||meet semi-lattice
交比||cross ratio, anharmonic ratio
交表示||meet representation
交不可约元||meet irreducible element
交叉核实||cross validation
交错代数||alternative algebra
交错定理||alternation theorem
交错多重线性映射||alternating multilinear mapping
交错化子||alternizer
交错级数||alternating series
交错链||alternating chain
交错群||alternative groups
交错双线性型||alternate bilinear form
交错网格||staggered mesh
交错张量||alternative tensor
交点||point of intersection
交互规划||interactive programming; 又称“对话式规划”。
交互决策||interactive decision making
交互效应||interaction
交换A代数||commutative A-algebra
交换巴拿赫代数||commutative Banach algebra
交换代数||commutative algebra
交换环||commutative ring
交换李群||commutative Lie group
交换律||commutative law
交换上链||commutative cochain
交换图表||commutative diagram
交换子||commutant
交结数||intertwining number
交界条件||interface condition
交替方向法||alternating direction method
交替方向隐格式||alternating direction implicit scheme, ADI scheme
交替方向隐式法||alternating direction implicit method
交替更新过程||alternating renewal process
交替码||alternate code
交图||intersection graph
交无穷分配||meet infinite distributive
交线||line of intersection
交织图||intersection chart
交重数||intersection multiplicity
角||angle
角的对边||side opposite of an angle
角度[法]||degree measure
角平分线||angular bisector
角域||angular domain
较多序||major order
较多有效点||majorly efficient point
较多有效解||majorly efficient solution
较多有效性||major efficiency
较多最优点||majorly optimal point
较多最优解||majorly optimal solution
接触定理||contact theorem
接触过程||contact process
接收区域||region of acceptance
接受区域||acceptance region
阶乘||factorial
阶乘函数||factorial function
阶乘矩||factorial moment
阶乘矩母函数||factorial moment generating function
阶理想||order ideal
阶梯迭代||staircase iteration
阶梯函数||step function
阶跃干扰||step disturbance
阶跃输入||step input
截[面]曲率||sectional curvature
截段有补格||sectionally complemented lattice
截断误差||truncation error
截规则||cut rule
截距||intercept
截距式||intercept form
截口定理||section theorem
截面||cross section, section
截尾抽检||curtailed inspection
截尾分布||truncated distribution
截尾回归||truncated regression
截尾型决策函数||truncated decision function
截尾样本||truncated sample
截止速率||cut off rate
截锥||truncated cone
节||jet
捷线||brachistochrone; 又称“最速降线 ( curve of steepest descent)”。
结点||node; node; 常微分方程组的一种孤立奇点。; knot, node; 网格线之间或网格线与边界的交点。
结构||structure
结构层||structure sheaf
结构常数||structure constants
结构函数||structure function
结构空间||structure space
结构群||structure group
结构摄动法||structural perturbation approach
结构态射||structure morphism
结构稳定性||structural stability
结合代数||associative algebra
结合代数簇||variety of associative algebras
结合代数的算术||arithmetic of associative algebra
结合环||associative ring
结合律||associative law
结合映射||association mapping
结局||outcome
结局空间||outcome space
结论||conclusion
结式||resultant
解||solution
解冲突算法||collision resolution algorithm
解的积分表示||integral representation of solution
解的渐近展开||asymptotic expansion of solution
解的破裂||blowing-up of solution
解的振荡||oscillation of solution
解集连续性||solution set continuity
解密||decipherment
解释||interpretation
解析半群||analytic semi-group
解析簇||analytic variety
解析多面体||analytic polyhedron
解析泛函||analytic functional
解析分层||analytic hierarchy
解析函数||analytic function
解析函数的芽||germ of analytic function
解析函数的芽层||sheaf of germs of analytic function
解析函数元素||element of analytic function
解析集||analytic set
解析几何[学]||analytic geometry
解析空间||analytic space
解析流形||analytic manifold
解析奇支集||analytic singular support
解析群||analytic group, connected Lie group
解析数论||analytic number theory
解析算子||analytic operator
解析同构||analytic isomorphism
解析同胚||analytic homeomorphism
解析同态||analytic homomorphism
解析同态的微分||differential of an analytic homomorphism
解析完全域||analytically complete domain
解析性||analyticity
解析亚椭圆算子||analytic-hypoelliptic operator
解析延拓||analytic prolongation, analytic continuation
解析映射||analytic mapping; 定义在一个域 GC n 内的 C m 值解析函数 。
解析子群||analytic subgroup, connected Lie subgroup
解析自同构算子||analytic automorphism operator
解耦||decoupling
解耦系统||decoupled system
紧[的]||compact
紧阿贝尔群||compact Abelian group
紧差分格式||compact difference scheme
紧化||compactification
紧加边黎曼[曲]面||bordered compact Riemann surface
紧开拓扑||compactopen topology
紧空间||compact space
紧黎曼[曲]面||compact Riemann surface; 又称“闭黎曼[曲]面”。
紧群的表示||representation of compact group
紧群的群环||group ring of compact group
紧群的正则表示||regular representation of compact group
紧群上的不变积分||invariant integral on compact group
紧生成格||compactly generated lattice
紧实型||compact real form
紧算子||compact  operator; 又称“全连续算子(completely continuous operator)”。
紧统||compactum
紧拓扑群||compact topological group
紧线性算子||compact linear operator; 又称“全连续线性算子 (completely continuous linear operator)”。
紧性||compactness
紧映射||compact mapping
紧元||compact element
进度安排法||scheduling method
进退构造||back and forth construction
近乎处处||approximately everywhere
近似表示||approximate representation
近似抽样方法||approaching sampling technique
近似导数||approximate derivative
近似解||approximate solution
近似可导[的]||approximately derivable
近似因式分解法||approximate factorization method
近似值||approximate value
浸没||submersion
浸入||immersion
晶体||crystal
晶体群||crystallographic group
晶体上同调||crystalline cohomology
精[确]度||accuracy, precision
精确惩罚法||exact penalty method
精确罚函数||exact penalty function
精确解||exact solution
精细结构||fine structure
精细模空间||fine moduli space
经典解||classical solution
经典控制理论||classical control theory
经典杨-巴克斯特方程||classical Yang-Baxter equation
经验贝叶斯方法||empirical Bayes method
经验分布函数||empirical distribution function
经验公式||empirical formula
经验过程||empirical process
经验曲线||empirical curve
镜射||reflection; 曾用名“反射”。
径迹长度方法||track length method
径向测地线||radical geodesic
径向量||radius vector; 又称“径矢”。
径向无界||radially unbounded
竞争||competition
竞争均衡||competitive equilibrium
纠错码||error correcting code
久期项||secular term; 又称“永年项”。
九边形||nonagon
九点圆||nine-point circle
局||play
局部[的]||local
局部变换群||local transformation group
局部遍历定理||local-ergodic theorem
局部表现模||locally presented module
局部参数||local parameter
局部次理想||local subideal
局部戴环空间||locally ringed space
局部代数||local algebra
局部单连通||locally simply connected
局部单值化||local uniformization
局部道路连通[的]||locally path connected
局部高||local height
局部弧连通||locally arcwise connected
局部化||localization
局部环||local ring
局部极大值||local maximum
局部极限定理||local limit theorem
局部极小值||local minimum
局部解析同构||locally analytical isomorphic
局部紧可除代数||locally compact division algebra
局部紧空间||locally compact space
局部紧群||locally compact group
局部紧群的酉表示||unitary representation of locally compact group
局部可解性||local solvability
局部类域论||local class field theory
局部李群||local Lie group
局部连通[的]||locally connected
局部幂零代数||locally nilpotent algebra
局部幂零根||locally nilpotent radical, Levitzki radical
局部幂零理想||locally nilpotent ideal
局部诺特概形||locally Noetherian scheme
局部时||local time
局部收敛||local convergence
局部同调群||local homology group
局部同构||locally isomorphic
局部同态||local homomorphism
局部凸[拓扑线性]空间||locally convex [topological linear] space
局部凸||locally convex
局部误差||local error
局部有限代数||locally finite algebra
局部有限覆盖||locally finite covering
局部域||local field
局部域的布饶尔群||Brauer group of a local field
局部域上代数群||algebraic groups over a local field
局部自由层||locally free sheaf
局部最优化||local optimization
局部最优值||local optimum
局部鞅||local martingale
局势||situation
局中人||player; 又称“参预者”。
矩||moment
矩法估计||moment estimate
矩量法||moment method
矩母函数||moment generating function
矩形||rectangle; 又称“长方形 ”。
矩形法则||rectangle rule
矩形网格||rectangular net, rectangular mesh
矩阵[的]范数||norm of a matrix, matrix norm
矩阵||matrix
矩阵变量[的]超几何函数||hypergeometric function of matric argument
矩阵表示||matrix representation
矩阵的对角线||diagonal line of a matrix
矩阵的迹||trace of a matrix
矩阵的阶||order of a matrix
矩阵的逆||inverse of a matrix
矩阵的谱||spectrum of a matrix
矩阵的谱半径||spectral radius of a matrix
矩阵的行列式||determinant of a matrix
矩阵的元||entry of a matrix
矩阵的张量积||tensor product of matrices, Kronecker product of matrices
矩阵的正规形||normal form of a matrix
矩阵的秩||rank of a matrix
矩阵迭代分析||matrix iterative analysis
矩阵对策||matrix game
矩阵论||theory of matrices
矩阵帕德逼近||matrix Padé approximation
矩阵求逆||matrix inversion
矩阵群||matrix group
矩阵收缩||matrix deflation
聚点||point of accumulation
聚点原理||principle of the point of accumulation
聚合||conglomerate
聚类分析||cluster analysis
聚束法||bundle algorithm
聚值集||cluster set
拒绝门限||rejection threshold
拒绝区域||rejection region
距离传递图||distance transitive graph
距离结构||distance structure
距离判别法||discriminant by distance
距离正则图||distance-regular graph
卷积||convolution
卷积码||convolutional code
卷积算子||convolution operator
卷积下确界||infimal convolution
卷绕数||winding number
决策||decision; decision making
决策变量||decision variable
决策变量灵敏度分析||decision variable sensitivity analysis
决策表||decision table
决策分析||decision analysis
决策过程||decision process
决策空间||space of decisions
决策论||decision theory
决策模型||decision model
决策树||decision tree
决策向量||decision vector
决定[区]域||domain of determinacy
绝对[的]||absolute
绝对不等式||absolute  inequality
绝对不可约表示||absolutely irreducible representation
绝对高||absolute height
绝对极大值||absolute maximum
绝对极小值||absolute minimum
绝对极值||absolute extremum
绝对几何||absolute geometry
绝对矩||absolute moment
绝对连续[的]||absolutely continuous
绝对邻域收缩核||absolute neighborhood retract
绝对收敛||absolutely convergent
绝对收敛横坐标||abscissa of absolute convergence
绝对收缩核||absolute retract
绝对凸||absolutely convex
绝对微分学||absolute differential calculus
绝对误差||absolute error
绝对形||absolute
绝对性||absoluteness
绝对值||absolute value
绝对秩||absolute rank
绝对最优解||absolute optimal solution
绝妙定理||theorema egregium, remarkable theorem; 欧氏空间中曲面的两个主曲率的乘积由第一基本型决定,而与第二基本型
均差||divided difference
均方遍历[的]||ergodic in mean, ergodic in square
均方根误差||root-mean-square error
均方连续||continuity in mean square
均方收敛||convergence in mean square
均方误差||mean square error, MSE; 估计量与被估计量之差的平方的期望。
均衡[的]||balanced, circled
均匀分布||uniform distribution; 密度在一特定区域上为常数,而它处为零的概率分布。
均匀量化||uniform quantizing
均匀偏度||uniform departureness
均匀设计||design by uniform distribution
均值||mean
均值函数||mean function
均值向量||mean vector
卡茨-穆迪代数||Kac-Moody algebra
卡尔曼-布西滤波器||Kalman-Bucy filter
卡尔曼滤波||Kalman filtering
卡尔曼滤波器||Kalman filter
卡尔松测度||Carleson measure
卡积||cap product
卡吉耶除子||Cartier divisor
卡吉耶对偶||Cartier dual
卡拉泰奥多里测度||Carathéodory measure
卡拉泰奥多里存在定理||Carathéodory existence theorem
卡拉泰奥多里性质||Carathéodory property
卡莱曼型核||kernel of Carleman type
卡马卡法||Karmarkar algorithm
卡姆克唯一性条件||Kamke uniqueness condition
卡普坦级数||Kapteyn series
卡塞尔斯配对||Cassels pairing
开尔文函数||Kelvin function
开方||radication
开覆盖||open covering
开关函数||switch function
开关曲面||switch surface
开关曲线||switch curve
开环控制||open-loop control
开环系统||open-loop system
开集||open set
开集基||open set basis
开浸入||open immersion
开立方||extraction of cubic root
开平方||extraction of square root
开区间||open interval
开西米尔多项式||Casimir polynomial
开西米尔元||Casimir element
开星形||open star
开型积分公式||open integration formula
开映射||open mapping
开映射定理||open mapping theorem
开子概形||open subscheme
开子群||open subgroup
凯莱变换||Cayley transform
凯莱代数||Cayley algebra
凯莱数||Cayley number
康托尔集||Cantor set
考纽螺线||Cornu spiral; 又称“回旋曲线(clothoid)”。
柯尔莫哥洛夫自同构||Kolmogorov automorphism
柯朗-弗里德里希斯-列维条件||Courant-Friedrichs-Lewy condition; 简称“CFL条件”。
柯朗数||Courant number
柯西-阿达马公式||Cauchy-Hadamard formula
柯西-柯瓦列夫斯卡娅定理||Cauchy-Kovalevskaja theorem
柯西-黎曼方程||Cauchy-Riemann equations
柯西-施瓦茨不等式||Cauchy-Schwarz inequality
柯西插值||Cauchy interpolation
柯西存在和唯一性定理||Cauchy existence and uniqueness theorem
柯西分布||Cauchy distribution
柯西积分公式||Cauchy integral formula
柯西问题||Cauchy problem
柯西型积分||Cauchy type integral
柯西中值定理||Cauchy mean value theorem
柯西主值||Cauchy principal value
科恩-麦考莱概形||Cohen-Macaulay scheme
科恩-麦考莱环||Cohen-Macaulay ring
科恩环||Cohen ring
科尔莫戈罗夫-斯米尔诺夫检验||Kolmogorov-Smirnov test
科尔莫戈罗夫相容性定理||Kolmogorov consistent theorem
科斯居尔复形||Koszul complex
科斯坦特公式||Kostant formula
可逼近性||approximability
可比较[的]||comparable
可比较补||comparable complement
可闭算子||closable operator; 又称“准闭算子(preclosed operator)”。
可变参数模型||variable parameters model
可变网距||variable mesh size
可辨识性||identifiability; 又称“能辨识性”。
可表示函子||representable functor
可表示性||representability
可驳[的]||refutable
可采纳解||admissible solution; 又称“容许解”。
可测变换||measurable transformation
可测过程||measurable process
可测函数||measurable function
可测基数||measurable cardinal
可测集||measurable set
可测集值函数||measurable set-valued function, measurable multifunction
可测空间||measurable space
可除代数||division algebra
可除模||divisible module
可除群||divisible group
可达点||achievable point
可达集||reachable set; 又称“能达集”。
可达率||achievable rate
可达区域||achievable region
可达性||accessibility; 大基数的一种性质。
可达状态||accessible state
可导的||derivable
可定向丛||orientable bundle
可定向流形||orientable manifold
可定向曲面||orientable surface
可定向性||orientability
可定义性||definability
可度量化||metrizable
可度量性||metrizability
可对角化代数群||diagonalizable algebraic group
可分[离]规划||separable programming
可分次数||separable degree
可分代数||separable algebra
可分代数闭包||separable algebraic closure
可分代数扩张||separable algebraic extension
可分对策||separable game
可分多项式||separable polynomial
可分过程||separable process
可分核||separated kernel; 又称“退化核 (degenerate kernel)”。
可分解算子||decomposable operator
可分解信道||decomposable channel
可分空间||separable space
可分扩张域||separable extension field
可分生成[的]||separably generated
可分态射||separable morphism
可分元||separable element
可分张量||decomposable tensor
可赋容量性||capacitability
可公度的||commensurable
可公度子群||commensurable subgroups
可构成[的]||constructible
可构成壳||constructible hull
可构成性||constructibility
可估[的]||estimable
可观测信息||observable information
可观测性[矩]阵||observability matrix
可观测性||observability; 又称“能观测性”。
可观测性规范形||observability canonical form
可观测性指数||observability index
可观测性指数列||observability indicies
可归约[的]||reducible
可和函数||summable function
可积[的]||integrable
可积条件||condition of integrability
可积微分方程组||integrable system of differential equations
可积性||integrability
可积有界集值函数||integrable bounded multifunction
可计算性||computability
可加信道||additive channel
可加噪声||additive noise
可检测性||detectability; 又称“能检测性”。
可交换[的]||exchangeable
可接受标号||acceptable indexing
可解解析群||solvable analytic group
可解李代数||solvable Lie algebra
可解群||solvable group
可解性||solvability
可解性理论||theory of solvability
可靠度||reliability
可靠数字||reliable digit
可靠性||soundness; 又称“有效性(validity)”。
可靠性理论||reliability theory
可靠性模型||reliability model
可控规范形||controllability canonical form
可控性[矩]阵||controllability matrix
可控性||controllability; 又称“能控性”。
可控指数||controllability index
可控指数列||controllability indices
可控子空间||controllable subspace
可扩映射||expansive map
可料[的]||predictable
可料时||predictable time
可裂短正合[序]列||splitting short exact sequence
可略[的]||negligible
可满足性||satisfiability
可逆层||invertible sheaf
可逆矩阵||invertible matrix
可逆马尔可夫过程||reversible Markov process
可逆模||invertible module
可逆算子||invertible operator
可逆态射||invertible morphism
可逆系统||invertible system
可判定性||decidability
可平面图||planar graph
可求长的||rectifiable
可求长曲线||rectifiable curve
可求和性||summability
可去奇点||removable singularity
可三角剖分[的]||triangulable
可实现性||realizability; 又称“能实现性”。
可数[的]||countable, denumerable
可数[性]公理||axioms of countability
可数赋范空间||countably normed space
可数勒贝格谱||countable Lebesgue spectrum
可数无穷[的]||countable infinite
可数希尔伯特空间||countable Hilbert space
可数性||countability
可缩[的]||contractible
可缩空间||contractible space
可微的||differentiable
可微算子||differentiable operator
可维护性||maintainability
可稳性||stabilizability; 又称“能稳性”。
可行方向||feasible direction
可行方向法||feasible direction method
可行方向锥||feasible direction cone
可行基||feasible basis
可行解||feasible solution
可行下降方向||feasible descent direction
可行域||feasible region
可行约束||feasible constraint
可修系统||repairable system
可选[的]||optional
可用度||availability
可约表示||reducible representation
可展曲面||developable surface
可展拓扑空间||developable topological space

 

 

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