Rplidar A1使用并改为ROS中3D点云输出(PointCloud2)

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Rplidar A1使用并改为ROS中3D点云输出

3D激光雷达价格不菲,在研究过程中,可以尝试将2D激光雷达的点云输出改为3D的点云输出,以进行3D激光雷达的部分试验。本文将安装Rplidar的依赖项并且在ROS的Rviz上可视化。并将Rplidar的/scan信息改为/PointCloud2信息进行输出,以通过2D激光雷达实现3D激光雷达的模拟应用。

Rplidar安装

建立工作空间(也可以利用现有的),编译包

$ mkdir -p  ~/turtlebot_ws/src
$ cd   ~/turtlebot_ws/src
$ git clone https://github.com/ncnynl/rplidar_ros.git#这部分要到思岚科技的github去找具体链接,到目前克隆链接是https://github.com/robopeak/rplidar_ros.git

添加环境变量

source /home/ubu/turtlebot_ws/devel/setup.bash 
source ~/.bashrc

检查、设置端口权限

ls -l /dev |grep ttyUSB
sudo chmod 666 /dev/ttyUSB0

在此Rplidar应该已经可以使用

测试

在工作空间下运行rplidar和打开rviz查看

roslaunch rplidar_ros rplidar.launch
rosrun rviz rviz

设置相关配置后可以看见2D雷达的输出图像
在这里插入图片描述

修改后完整代码

从“LaserScan”和“PointCloud2”参数对比可以看出,“PointCloud2”可以满足三维显示的需求,因此修改rplidar_ros。其中“client.cpp”不需要修改,“node.cpp”修改如下:

/*
 *  RPLIDAR ROS NODE
 *
 *  Copyright (c) 2009 - 2014 RoboPeak Team
 *  http://www.robopeak.com
 *  Copyright (c) 2014 - 2016 Shanghai Slamtec Co., Ltd.
 *  http://www.slamtec.com
 *
 */
/*
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
 *
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
 *    this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice,
 *    this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation
 *    and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
 * AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO,
 * THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
 * PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR
 * CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL,
 * EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO,
 * PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS;
 * OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY,
 * WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR
 * OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE,
 * EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 */

#include "ros/ros.h"
#include "sensor_msgs/LaserScan.h"
#include "std_srvs/Empty.h"
#include "rplidar.h"

#include <pcl_ros/point_cloud.h>
#include <pcl/point_types.h>
#include <boost/foreach.hpp>

#ifndef _countof
#define _countof(_Array) (int)(sizeof(_Array) / sizeof(_Array[0]))
#endif

#ifndef DEG2RAD
#define DEG2RAD(x) ((x)*M_PI/180.)
#endif


using namespace rp::standalone::rplidar;
typedef pcl::PointCloud<pcl::PointXYZ> PointCloud;
pcl::PointCloud<pcl::PointXYZ> cloud_msg;
RPlidarDriver * drv = NULL;

void publish_scan(ros::Publisher *pub,ros::Publisher *cloud_pub, 
                  rplidar_response_measurement_node_t *nodes,
                  size_t node_count, ros::Time start,
                  double scan_time, bool inverted,
                  float angle_min, float angle_max,
                  float max_distance,
                  std::string frame_id)
{
    static int scan_count = 0;
    sensor_msgs::LaserScan scan_msg;

    scan_msg.header.stamp = start;
    scan_msg.header.frame_id = frame_id;
    scan_count++;

    bool reversed = (angle_max > angle_min);
    if ( reversed ) {
      scan_msg.angle_min =  M_PI - angle_max;
      scan_msg.angle_max =  M_PI - angle_min;
    } else {
      scan_msg.angle_min =  M_PI - angle_min;
      scan_msg.angle_max =  M_PI - angle_max;
    }
    scan_msg.angle_increment =
        (scan_msg.angle_max - scan_msg.angle_min) / (double)(node_count-1);

    scan_msg.scan_time = scan_time;
    scan_msg.time_increment = scan_time / (double)(node_count-1);
    scan_msg.range_min = 0.15;
    scan_msg.range_max = max_distance;//8.0;

    scan_msg.intensities.resize(node_count);
    scan_msg.ranges.resize(node_count);
    bool reverse_data = (!inverted && reversed) || (inverted && !reversed);
    if (!reverse_data) {
        for (size_t i = 0; i < node_count; i++) {
            float read_value = (float) nodes[i].distance_q2/4.0f/1000;
            if (read_value == 0.0)
                scan_msg.ranges[i] = std::numeric_limits<float>::infinity();
            else
                scan_msg.ranges[i] = read_value;
            scan_msg.intensities[i] = (float) (nodes[i].sync_quality >> 2);
        }
    } else {
        for (size_t i = 0; i < node_count; i++) {
            float read_value = (float)nodes[i].distance_q2/4.0f/1000;
            if (read_value == 0.0)
                scan_msg.ranges[node_count-1-i] = std::numeric_limits<float>::infinity();
            else
                scan_msg.ranges[node_count-1-i] = read_value;
            scan_msg.intensities[node_count-1-i] = (float) (nodes[i].sync_quality >> 2);
        }
    }
    cloud_msg.header.frame_id = "laser";

    cloud_msg.height = 16;

    int count = scan_msg.scan_time / scan_msg.time_increment;
    cloud_msg.width  = count;
    cloud_msg.points.resize(cloud_msg.width * cloud_msg.height);
  for(int j = 0; j < cloud_msg.height; j++) {
    for(int i = count*j; i < count+count*j; i++) {
        float degree = RAD2DEG(scan_msg.angle_min + scan_msg.angle_increment * (i-count*j));
        float k=j;
        if(scan_msg.ranges[(i-count*j)])
        {
            cloud_msg.points[i].x = scan_msg.ranges[(i-count*j)]*cos(DEG2RAD(degree));
            cloud_msg.points[i].y = scan_msg.ranges[(i-count*j)]*sin(DEG2RAD(degree));
            cloud_msg.points[i].z = k/10-0.8;
        }
        else
        {
            cloud_msg.points[i].x = 6*cos(DEG2RAD(degree));
            cloud_msg.points[i].y = 6*sin(DEG2RAD(degree));
            cloud_msg.points[i].z = k/10-0.8;
        }
        ROS_INFO(": [%f, %f]", degree, scan_msg.ranges[(i-count*j)]);
    }
}
    pub->publish(scan_msg);
    pcl_conversions::toPCL(ros::Time::now(), cloud_msg.header.stamp);
    cloud_pub->publish(cloud_msg);
}

bool getRPLIDARDeviceInfo(RPlidarDriver * drv)
{
    u_result     op_result;
    rplidar_response_device_info_t devinfo;

    op_result = drv->getDeviceInfo(devinfo);
    if (IS_FAIL(op_result)) {
        if (op_result == RESULT_OPERATION_TIMEOUT) {
            ROS_ERROR("Error, operation time out. RESULT_OPERATION_TIMEOUT! ");
        } else {
            ROS_ERROR("Error, unexpected error, code: %x",op_result);
        }
        return false;
    }

    // print out the device serial number, firmware and hardware version number..
    printf("RPLIDAR S/N: ");
    for (int pos = 0; pos < 16 ;++pos) {
        printf("%02X", devinfo.serialnum[pos]);
    }
    printf("\n");
    ROS_INFO("Firmware Ver: %d.%02d",devinfo.firmware_version>>8, devinfo.firmware_version & 0xFF);
    ROS_INFO("Hardware Rev: %d",(int)devinfo.hardware_version);
    return true;
}

bool checkRPLIDARHealth(RPlidarDriver * drv)
{
    u_result     op_result;
    rplidar_response_device_health_t healthinfo;

    op_result = drv->getHealth(healthinfo);
    if (IS_OK(op_result)) { 
        ROS_INFO("RPLidar health status : %d", healthinfo.status);
        if (healthinfo.status == RPLIDAR_STATUS_ERROR) {
            ROS_ERROR("Error, rplidar internal error detected. Please reboot the device to retry.");
            return false;
        } else {
            return true;
        }

    } else {
        ROS_ERROR("Error, cannot retrieve rplidar health code: %x", op_result);
        return false;
    }
}

bool stop_motor(std_srvs::Empty::Request &req,
                               std_srvs::Empty::Response &res)
{
  if(!drv)
       return false;

  ROS_DEBUG("Stop motor");
  drv->stop();
  drv->stopMotor();
  return true;
}

bool start_motor(std_srvs::Empty::Request &req,
                               std_srvs::Empty::Response &res)
{
  if(!drv)
       return false;
  ROS_DEBUG("Start motor");
  drv->startMotor();
  drv->startScan(0,1);
  return true;
}

int main(int argc, char * argv[]) {
    ros::init(argc, argv, "rplidar_node");

    std::string serial_port;
    int serial_baudrate = 115200;
    std::string frame_id;
    bool inverted = false;
    bool angle_compensate = true;
   
    float max_distance = 8.0;
    int angle_compensate_multiple = 1;//it stand of angle compensate at per 1 degree
    ros::NodeHandle nh;
    ros::Publisher scan_pub = nh.advertise<sensor_msgs::LaserScan>("scan", 1000);
    ros::Publisher cloud_pub = nh.advertise<PointCloud> ("point_cloud2", 1000);
    ros::NodeHandle nh_private("~");
    nh_private.param<std::string>("serial_port", serial_port, "/dev/ttyUSB0"); 
    nh_private.param<int>("serial_baudrate", serial_baudrate, 115200/*256000*/);//ros run for A1 A2, change to 256000 if A3
    nh_private.param<std::string>("frame_id", frame_id, "laser_frame");
    nh_private.param<bool>("inverted", inverted, false);
    nh_private.param<bool>("angle_compensate", angle_compensate, true);

    ROS_INFO("RPLIDAR running on ROS package rplidar_ros. SDK Version:"RPLIDAR_SDK_VERSION"");

    u_result     op_result;

    // create the driver instance
    drv = RPlidarDriver::CreateDriver(rp::standalone::rplidar::DRIVER_TYPE_SERIALPORT);
    
    if (!drv) {
        ROS_ERROR("Create Driver fail, exit");
        return -2;
    }

    // make connection...
    if (IS_FAIL(drv->connect(serial_port.c_str(), (_u32)serial_baudrate))) {
        ROS_ERROR("Error, cannot bind to the specified serial port %s.",serial_port.c_str());
        RPlidarDriver::DisposeDriver(drv);
        return -1;
    }

    // get rplidar device info
    if (!getRPLIDARDeviceInfo(drv)) {
        return -1;
    }

    // check health...
    if (!checkRPLIDARHealth(drv)) {
        RPlidarDriver::DisposeDriver(drv);
        return -1;
    }

    ros::ServiceServer stop_motor_service = nh.advertiseService("stop_motor", stop_motor);
    ros::ServiceServer start_motor_service = nh.advertiseService("start_motor", start_motor);

    drv->startMotor();
    RplidarScanMode current_scan_mode;
    op_result = drv->startScan(0,1,0, &current_scan_mode);
    if(op_result != RESULT_INVALID_DATA)
    {
        //default frequent is 10 hz (by motor pwm value),  current_scan_mode.us_per_sample is the number of scan point per us
        angle_compensate_multiple = (int)(1000*1000/current_scan_mode.us_per_sample/10.0/360.0);
        max_distance = current_scan_mode.max_distance;
        ROS_INFO("current scan mode: %s, max_distance: %.1f m, Point number: %.1fK ",  current_scan_mode.scan_mode,
                 current_scan_mode.max_distance, (1000/current_scan_mode.us_per_sample));
    }
    else
    {
        ROS_ERROR("Can not start scan: RESULT_INVALID_DATA!");
    }

    ros::Time start_scan_time;
    ros::Time end_scan_time;
    double scan_duration;
    while (ros::ok()) {
        rplidar_response_measurement_node_t nodes[360*8];
        size_t   count = _countof(nodes);

        start_scan_time = ros::Time::now();
        op_result = drv->grabScanData(nodes, count);
        end_scan_time = ros::Time::now();
        scan_duration = (end_scan_time - start_scan_time).toSec();

        if (op_result == RESULT_OK) {
            op_result = drv->ascendScanData(nodes, count);
            float angle_min = DEG2RAD(0.0f);
            float angle_max = DEG2RAD(359.0f);
            if (op_result == RESULT_OK) {
                if (angle_compensate) {
                    const int angle_compensate_multiple = 1;
                    const int angle_compensate_nodes_count = 360*angle_compensate_multiple;

                    int angle_compensate_offset = 0;
                    rplidar_response_measurement_node_t angle_compensate_nodes[angle_compensate_nodes_count];
                    memset(angle_compensate_nodes, 0, angle_compensate_nodes_count*sizeof(rplidar_response_measurement_node_t));

                    int i = 0, j = 0;
                    for( ; i < count; i++ ) {
                        if (nodes[i].distance_q2 != 0) {
                            float angle = (float)((nodes[i].angle_q6_checkbit >> RPLIDAR_RESP_MEASUREMENT_ANGLE_SHIFT)/64.0f);
                            int angle_value = (int)(angle * angle_compensate_multiple);
                            if ((angle_value - angle_compensate_offset) < 0) angle_compensate_offset = angle_value;
                            for (j = 0; j < angle_compensate_multiple; j++) {
                                angle_compensate_nodes[angle_value-angle_compensate_offset+j] = nodes[i];
                            }
                        }
                    }
  
                    publish_scan(&scan_pub, &cloud_pub,
                             angle_compensate_nodes, angle_compensate_nodes_count,
                             start_scan_time, scan_duration, inverted,
                             angle_min, angle_max, max_distance,
                             frame_id);
                } else {
                    int start_node = 0, end_node = 0;
                    int i = 0;
                    // find the first valid node and last valid node
                    while (nodes[i++].distance_q2 == 0);
                    start_node = i-1;
                    i = count -1;
                    while (nodes[i--].distance_q2 == 0);
                    end_node = i+1;

                    angle_min = DEG2RAD((float)(nodes[start_node].angle_q6_checkbit >> RPLIDAR_RESP_MEASUREMENT_ANGLE_SHIFT)/64.0f);
                    angle_max = DEG2RAD((float)(nodes[end_node].angle_q6_checkbit >> RPLIDAR_RESP_MEASUREMENT_ANGLE_SHIFT)/64.0f);

                    publish_scan(&scan_pub, &cloud_pub,&nodes[start_node], end_node-start_node +1,
                             start_scan_time, scan_duration, inverted,
                             angle_min, angle_max, max_distance,
                             frame_id);
               }
            } else if (op_result == RESULT_OPERATION_FAIL) {
                // All the data is invalid, just publish them
                float angle_min = DEG2RAD(0.0f);
                float angle_max = DEG2RAD(359.0f);

                publish_scan(&scan_pub, &cloud_pub,nodes, count,
                             start_scan_time, scan_duration, inverted,
                             angle_min, angle_max, max_distance,
                             frame_id);
            }
        }

        ros::spinOnce();
    }

    // done!
    drv->stop();
    drv->stopMotor();
    RPlidarDriver::DisposeDriver(drv);
    return 0;
}

测试

1.运行代码
roslaunch rplidar_ros view_rplidar.launch
rosrun rviz rviz
配置后可见
在这里插入图片描述

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